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Azacitidine Plus Amifostine in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005598
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 16, 2003
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Amifostine may improve blood counts in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. Combining azacitidine with amifostine may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of azacitidine plus amifostine in treating patients who have myelodysplastic syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: amifostine trihydrate Drug: azacitidine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response rate to azacitidine plus amifostine in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. II. Evaluate the toxicity of this treatment regimen in these patients. III. Assess the rate of progression to acute myeloid leukemia and overall survival in these patients treated with this regimen. IV. Evaluate the relationship between response status and cytogenetics, FAB class, ras mutations, and the presence of nonclonal hematopoiesis with this treatment regimen in these patients. V. Assess the effect of this treatment regimen on the number of bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cells in these patients. VI. Evaluate neutrophil adhesion and chemotaxis in these patients before and after this treatment regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive amifostine IV over 1-3 minutes on days 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26 plus azacitidine subcutaneously on days 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses. Patients who achieve complete remission receive an additional 3 courses, and patients who achieve hematologic improvement or partial remission continue treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 17-32 patients will be accrued for this study within approximately 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of 5-Azacytidine (NSC #102816) and Ethyol (Amifostine) in the Treatment of Adults With Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Study Start Date : October 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2002

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Cytologically confirmed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) Intermediate 1, 2, or high risk disease OR Low risk disease with one of the following: Symptomatic anemia requiring transfusion for at least 3 months prior to study Symptomatic thrombocytopenia requiring platelet transfusion Platelet count less than 50,000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count less than 1,000/mm3 with an infection Stable disease for 1 month with no progression to acute myeloid leukemia Declined or not eligible for allogeneic bone marrow transplant (alloBMT) No prior treatment of MDS with chemotherapy or alloBMT No prior leukemia or more than 30% myeloblasts in the bone marrow

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 4 months Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 times normal (unless due to hemolysis or ineffective erythropoiesis) AST and ALT less than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 times normal Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled or severe congestive heart failure Pulmonary: Serum CO2 greater than 18 mmHg Other: No uncorrected folate or vitamin B12 deficiency HIV negative No other medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude study At least 3 years since prior nonleukemic malignancy Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 1 month since prior interferon, interleukin-3, or interleukin-11 At least 1 month since prior epoetin alfa, filgrastim (G-CSF), or sargramostim (GM-CSF) No concurrent hematologic growth factors Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Prior chemotherapy for nonleukemic malignancy allowed No prior azacitidine Endocrine therapy: At least 1 month since prior corticosteroids or danazol No concurrent steroids Radiotherapy: Prior radiotherapy for nonleukemic malignancy allowed Surgery: Not specified Other: No prior antithymocyte globulin or cyclosporine No prior amifostine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005598

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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0752
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Harry P. Erba, MD, PhD University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00005598    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067711
P30CA046592 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CCUM-9906 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan Cancer Center PRC )
First Posted: December 16, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2012
Last Verified: December 2012
Keywords provided by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center:
refractory anemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs