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Trial record 52 of 11210 for:    strength

Strength Measurement in Intrinsic Foot Muscles With Break and Make Tests

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04307758
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gokhan Yazici, Gazi University

Brief Summary:
The human foot is a complex structure, which serves functions such as support and mobility. These functions are accomplished through the deformation of the arch, which is controlled by intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscles. The intrinsic muscles have an important role in dynamic stabilization of the foot due to their structurally short force levers and small diameters. There are many studies reporting that foot intrinsic muscle weakness is directly related to pathologies such as structural or functional toe deformities, pes planus, hallux valgus, plantar fasciitis .Therefore it is essential to evaluate the strength of these muscles in an objective and reliable way.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Healthy Adults Other: Muscle Strength Assesment-Make Test Other: Muscle Strength Assesment-Break Test

Detailed Description:
Two different methods are used in measuring muscle strength via a Hand Held Dynamometer; the "break test" and the "make test" . During these tests, the examiner and subject play opposite roles. During the make test, the subject applies maximal force against the examiner and the position is maintained by the examiner. During the break test, the subject holds the position of the muscle being evaluated and the examiner pushes until the subject's maximal force is overcome. In the two tests, force is applied differently; the dynamometer receives different amounts of force, and different results may be generated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the reliability of intrinsic foot muscle strength assessment with break and make test in healthy young subjects.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 77 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Comparison of Strength Measurement in Intrinsic Foot Muscles With Break and Make Tests Using a Hand-held Dynamometer in Healthy Young Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : August 5, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : February 17, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Foot Health

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Healthy Adults
Healthy subjects aged 18-35 years were enrolled in this study. The muscle strength assessment of the foot intrinsic muscles was assessed with the make test and the break test. The tests were performed with the hip and knee semiflexed in prone position with a hand-held dynamometer. The experimental protocols and methods were explained in detail to all subjects. All participants provided written informed consent in keeping with the ethical principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.
Other: Muscle Strength Assesment-Make Test
For the make test, the examiner applies resistance in a fixed position and the person being tested exerts a maximum effort against the dynamometer and examiner. The examiner is only required to sustain an isometric contraction and read the highest value on an Hand Held Dynamometer.
Other Name: Make Test

Other: Muscle Strength Assesment-Break Test
For the break test, the examiner applies resistance sufficient to overcome the maximum effort of the person being tested and cause the subject's joint to move in the opposite direction, which results in an eccentric contraction. During this test the limb must move at a constant velocity while the person being tested is asked to achieve a maximum contraction. In addition, the examiner must read the force output reading at the exact time the subject's limb begins to move from the Hand Held Dynamometer.
Other Name: Break Test

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Foot intrinsic muscle strength with the make test [ Time Frame: Once a day for two days. ]
    Reliability of the Make Test

  2. Foot intrinsic muscle strength with the break test [ Time Frame: Once a day for two days. ]
    Reliability of the Break test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Sedantary healthy individuals who do not have any orthopedic/neurologic lower extremity problems.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Sedentary individuals,
  • Category 1 and 2 according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire
  • Body mass index between the ranges ≥18.5 - <24.9

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any orthopedic or neurological disorder
  • Previous history of lower extremity surgery
  • Having low back pain
  • Having vestibular or visual system problems
  • Having hallux rigidus or limitus, having a hallux valgus angle over 15 degrees

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04307758

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Gazi University
Ankara, Turkey, 06560
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gazi University
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Principal Investigator: Gokhan Yazici, Pt. PhD Gazi University

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Responsible Party: Gokhan Yazici, Principal Investigator, Gazi University Identifier: NCT04307758    
Other Study ID Numbers: GaziUni
First Posted: March 13, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Gokhan Yazici, Gazi University:
Make and Break Test
Strength assessment
Hand held dynamometer
Intrinsic foot muscles