Bangladesh MSNP: Social Protection Mixed Methods Study
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04166370|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2019
Despite progress in reducing high levels of undernutrition in Bangladesh, gaps in progress persist. They are particularly acute between rural and urban areas, and between the lowest wealth quintile and highest. According to the 2016 Bangladesh DHS report, 38% of rural children under five were stunted compared to 31% of urban children. Forty-nine percent of children in the lowest wealth quintile were stunted compared to 19% in the highest.
To address these discrepancies and lower the overall level of stunting, research is being conducted to assist the government of Bangladesh (GoB) in determining the most effective ways to reduce levels of stunting. The primary objective of this research is to compare the effectiveness of two multisectoral nutrition intervention packages--one with and without a conditional cash transfer (CCT) component--to the current standard of practice. A cluster-randomized controlled trial using mixed methods will be used to evaluate effectiveness. The two intervention arms are as follows;
- Strengthened: Referrals to health services, strengthened health services, and enhanced social and behavior change communication (SBCC)
- Strengthened + CCT: Referrals to health services, strengthened health services, enhanced SBCC and cash transfers conditional on a mother attending antenatal care (ANC) and monthly nutrition education SBCC group sessions.
The study's primary outcome is the percentage of children 6-23 months old receiving a minimum acceptable diet (MAD), as a proximate determinant for stunting. MAD is defined as the proportion of children 6-23 months old who receive both the minimum feeding frequency and minimum dietary diversity for their age group and breastfeeding status. It will be assessed based on the mother/caregiver report. Secondary outcomes include assessing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices around breastfeeding, complementary feeding, water sanitation and hygiene, health services and gender norms. Quantitative surveys, in depth interviews, focus group discussions, and detailed program monitoring data will be used to assess intervention strengths, weakness, and cost effectiveness.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Stunting Undernutrition||Other: Control Other: Strengthened (Services and SBCC) Other: Strengthened (Services and SBCC) + CCT||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||6536 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||cluster-randomized, controlled trial (cRCT)|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Bangladesh Multisectoral Nutrition Project: Social Protection Mixed Methods Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 7, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||June 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 2021|
Active Comparator: Standard of Practice
Current Standard of Practice
The standard of care includes nutrition and health services provided to all pregnant women and mothers of children under-2 as provided by the GoB and their supporting partners. Services that should be provided include clinic-level infant and young child feeding (IYCF) counseling, growth monitoring and promotion, immunization, iron and folic acid distribution for pregnant women, ANC, safe delivery at community and referral for complications, vitamin-A supplements for postpartum women and children, deworming and management of common childhood illness.
Experimental: Strengthened Services and Social Behavioral Change (SBCC)
Increase referrals to health services, strengthen health services, and provide enhanced social and behavior change communication (SBCC)
Other: Strengthened (Services and SBCC)
Strengthening referrals to health services- Needed improvements to existing health referral networks will be assessed, identified and implemented. Peer leaders will refer PLW to nearby service delivery points.
Improving quality of health/nutrition services- Health-related service providers will be trained and supervised on nutrition best practices.
SBCC- Primarily target PLW. Delivered using traditional and digital channels. Text/voice messages will be sent to PLW twice per week. Family members (e.g. husband) will also be encouraged to sign up for these messages. Female community nutrition promoters will also be deployed; delivering SBCC during group meetings and in health facilities. Mothers' groups will be established, and will be led by peer leaders, mentored in the delivery of messages on nutrition behavior.
Experimental: Strengthened Services and SBCC plus Conditional Cash Transfer
Increase referrals to health services, strengthenhealth services, provide enhanced SBCC, as well as cash transfers that are conditional on a mother attending antenatal care (ANC) and monthly nutrition education SBCC group sessions.
Other: Strengthened (Services and SBCC) + CCT
Will include all components of the strengthened intervention and participants will receive monthly cash transfers, which is about 25% of monthly consumption expenditure among poor rural households in Bangladesh. Cash transfers will begin when a woman enrolls (at any time during her pregnancy or until 2 months after giving birth). The monthly transfer will continue until a child is 12 months of age, thereby supporting mothers during the critical period of complementary food introduction. The transfer is contingent on having had a minimum of 4 ANC visits and monthly participation in mother's group SBCC sessions.
- Change in the proportion of Children 6-23 months receiving Minimum Acceptable Diet based on mother/caregiver report [ Time Frame: This outcome will be assessed not earlier than 22 months after the introduction of the interventions ]Minimum Acceptable Diet (MAD) is defined as children by WHO as the proportion of children 6-23 months of age who receive both the minimum feeding frequency and minimum dietary diversity for their age group and breastfeeding status
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04166370
|Contact: Gwyneth Austin, Mphfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Theresa Hoke, PhDemail@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Theresa Hoke, PhD||FHI 360|
|Principal Investigator:||Taufique Jorder, DrPH||FHI 360|