Assessing the Health Impact of a Combined Water and Sanitation Intervention in Rural Odisha, India
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02441699|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 12, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Diarrhea Enteric Infection Soil-transmitted Helminth Infection Stunting||Behavioral: Improved water supply and sanitation|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||2940 participants|
|Official Title:||Assessing the Health Impact of a Combined Water and Sanitation Intervention in Rural Odisha, India|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2019|
Rural villages in which Gram Vikas has fully implemented its water supply and sanitation (Mantra) intervention. Intervention villages must: 1) be within 3 hours travel to the study office in Brahmapur, 2) have started the intervention by January 2003, and 3) have completed the intervention by January 2013.
Behavioral: Improved water supply and sanitation
Village-level reticulated water supply with distribution to household taps; pour-flush pit latrines.
Rural villages that have been matched with intervention villages on demographics and other criteria. The sampling frame for control villages is limited to those: 1) within 3 hours travel to the study office in Brahmapur, and 2) within Gram Panchayats which do not include an intervention village and are not adjacent to an intervention village, to minimize spillover effects. In addition, both intervention and control villages must appear in the Government of India Census in 2001.
- Reported diarrhoea in children <5 years [ Time Frame: 7-day recall, assessed 4 times during 3-month follow-up rounds ]
- Reported lower respiratory infection in children <5 [ Time Frame: 7-day recall, assessed 4 times during 3-month follow-up rounds ]
- Diarrhoea among all ages [ Time Frame: 7-day recall, assessed 4 times during 3-month follow-up roundsits ]
- Lower respiratory infection among all ages [ Time Frame: 7-day recall, assessed 4 times during 3-month follow-up roundsts ]
- Soil-transmitted helminth infection [ Time Frame: Point prevalence assessed in rounds 2 (approximately 90-120 days after study commencement) and 4 (approximately 240 to 360 days after study commencement) ]Stool samples taken and assayed for ascaris, trichuris, hookworm
- Height-for-age among children < 2 years [ Time Frame: Assessed approximately every 90 days for a total of four measurement over study period ]Children height measured and HAZ scores computed
- Weight-for-age among children <5 [ Time Frame: Assessed approximately every 90 days for a total of four measurement over study periodAssessed during all four follow up rounds ]Children weighed and WAZ scores computed
- Biomarkers of environmental enteropathy and enteric infection [ Time Frame: Assessed once during round 3 (approximately 180 to 240 days following commencement of study ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02441699
|London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine|
|London, United Kingdom, WC1E 7HT|