Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 11 of 117 for:    DUTASTERIDE

MRI and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Imaging in Patients Receiving Dutasteride for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy and Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00706966
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 30, 2008
Results First Posted : January 17, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 17, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging, may help in learning how well dutasteride works in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy and low-risk prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging in patients receiving dutasteride for benign prostatic hypertrophy and low-risk prostate cancer.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nonmalignant Neoplasm Prostate Cancer Drug: dutasteride Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine whether there is a decrease in the extent of prostate cancer as measured by endorectal MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hypertrophy and low-risk prostate cancer treated with dutasteride for 6 months.

Secondary

  • To monitor the effects of dutasteride on serum testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and free and total prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
  • To monitor the effects of dutasteride on symptom and quality-of-life indices.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral dutasteride once daily for 6 months.

Patients undergo endorectal MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months.

Patients complete quality-of-life questionnaires using the International Index of Erectile Function Questionnaire, American Urological Association Symptom Index, Functional Alterations due to Changes in Elimination, and Spitzer Quality-of-Life Index at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Pilot Study of MRI and Spectroscopy Imaging Changes With 6-months of Dutasteride in Patients With Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy and Low-risk Prostate Cancer on Watchful Waiting or Requiring Neoadjuvant Androgen Suppression Prior to Prostate Brachytherapy
Study Start Date : June 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Dutasteride

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dutasteride
Dutasteride was administered at a dose of 3.5 mg as an oral soft gelatin capsule once daily for 6 months
Drug: dutasteride
6 months of dutasteride 3.5 mg daily
Other Name: Avodart




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Extent of Cancer [ Time Frame: 1 month, 6 months ]
    Proportion of voxels consistent with prostate cancer as measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging (MRSI). MRSI spectra were examined and scored as healthy or cancerous. The change in cancerous volumes over time was evaluated. Because a significant decrease in citrate and polyamines on MRSI spectra was noted at 1 month compared with baseline, healthy tissue appeared to be more like cancer and thus created a false impression that the cancer had grown after 1 month. To reduce this bias, primary comparisons were made between the 1-month and 6-month scans.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events Indicative of Safety of Dutasteride [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
    Toxicities from Dutasteride were recorded at each study visit and assessed by NCI-CTCAE v3.0.

  2. Symptom Indices Over Time - IPSS [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
    IPSS (The International Prostate Symptom Score) is a symptom index based on seven questions concerning urinary symptoms (1 Incomplete emptying, 2 Frequency, 3 Intermittency, 4 Urgency, 5 Weak Stream, 6 Straining, 7 Nocturia) for which the patient chooses one out of six answers indicating increasing severity of the particular symptom, ranging from 0 (Not at all) to 5(Almost always). The total score can therefore range from 0 to 35 (asymptomatic to very symptomatic). Mild (symptom score less than of equal to 7); Moderate (symptom score range 8-19); Severe (symptom score range 20-35).

  3. Symptom Indices Over Time - IIEF-5 [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
    The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) is an abridged five-item version of the original IIEF 15-item questionnaire designed to evaluate erectile function, based on a definition arrived at by the National Institutes of Health Consensus Panel. Each of 5 questions about erectile function over the past 6 months is scored by the patient from 1 (severe dysfunction) to 5 (little or no dysfunction). The IIEF-5 is scored from 5 to 25, with lower scores indicating erectile dysfunction: 22-25 = No erectile dysfunction; 17-21 = Mild erectile dysfunction; 12-16 = Mild to moderate erectile dysfunction; 8-11 = Moderate erectile dysfunction; 5-7 = Severe erectile dysfunction

  4. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) Indices Over Time - FACE [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
    Functional Alterations due to Changes in Elimination (FACE) is a 14-item questionnaire designed to evaluate the effects of changes in urinary and bowel elimination on daily functioning. It is scored out of 56, with higher scores reflecting poorer HRQL.

  5. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) Indices Over Time - SQLI [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
    The Spitzer Quality of Life Index (SQLI) is a validated five-item questionnaire evaluating global HRQL. Activity, daily living, health, support of family and friends, and outlook are each rated on a 3-point scale (0 to 2), with total score ranging from 0-10, with lower score indicating poorer HRQL.

  6. Total PSA Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
  7. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]
  8. Testosterone Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

    • Clinical stage T1b, T1c, or T2a disease
    • Gleason score ≤ 6
    • Maximal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) < 10 ng/mL
  • Demonstrates intra-prostatic metabolite abnormalities, consistent with adenocarcinoma of the prostate (i.e., ≥ 3 voxels with magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging [MRSI] scores 4-5) by baseline MRI and MRSI
  • Has symptomatic benign prostatic hypertrophy and is currently undergoing watchful waiting OR opting to undergo permanent seed implant (i.e., brachytherapy), but requires neoadjuvant androgen suppression for prostate shrinkage
  • No regional lymph node involvement
  • No evidence of distant metastases
  • Zubrod performance status 0-1
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medications

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other prior or concurrent invasive cancer, other than localized basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Contraindications to MRI/MRSI, including any of the following:

    • Prostate biopsy (within the past 8 weeks) and any continued post-biopsy bleeding
    • Rectal bleeding
    • Anal fissures
    • Rectal surgery (end-to-end anastomosis)
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Prior radical prostatectomy
    • Hip replacement
    • Certain types of penile implants
    • Vascular clips
    • Known anaphylactic reaction to latex compounds
    • Anticoagulant drugs
    • Severe claustrophobia
    • Cardiac pacemaker
    • Metal in eye
    • Any other metallic or foreign object in the body
  • Unstable serious co-morbidities including, but not limited to, myocardial infarction, coronary artery syndrome, cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or cerebrovascular accident
  • Major medical or psychiatric illness that, in the investigator's opinion, would preclude the completion of treatment and interfere with follow up
  • Known hypersensitivity to any 5α-reductase inhibitor or drug chemically related to the study drug
  • Prior radical surgery (prostatectomy) or cryosurgery for prostate cancer
  • Prior pelvic irradiation, prostate brachytherapy, or bilateral orchiectomy
  • Prior or concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy for prostate cancer
  • Prior hormonal therapy, such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists (e.g., goserelin or leuprolide acetate), antiandrogens (e.g., flutamide or bicalutamide), or estrogens (e.g., diethylstilbestrol)
  • Prior or concurrent finasteride, dutasteride, other drugs with known antiandrogenic properties (e.g., spironolactone or progestational agents), or any dietary or herbal supplement (e.g., selenium, vitamin E, saw palmetto, or PC-SPES)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00706966


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, California
UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Mack Roach, MD University of California, San Francisco

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00706966     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000596822
UCSF-05551 ( Other Identifier: UCSF )
H7056-26910-03 ( Other Identifier: Committee on Human Research (CHR) )
First Posted: June 30, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 17, 2014
Last Update Posted: January 17, 2014
Last Verified: December 2013
Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage IIB prostate cancer
stage IIA prostate cancer
benign prostatic hyperplasia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Dutasteride
Prostatic Neoplasms
Prostatic Hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs