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Trial record 7 of 39 for:    ALECTINIB

A Study to Evaluate and Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Alectinib Versus Crizotinib and to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics of Alectinib in Asian Participants With Treatment-Naive Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK)-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02838420
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 20, 2016
Results First Posted : July 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Brief Summary:
This randomized, multicenter, Phase III, open-label study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib versus crizotinib and to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of alectinib in asian participants with treatment-naive ALK-positive advanced NSCLC. Participants will be randomized 2:1 into one of the two treatment groups to receive either alectinib (600 milligrams [mg] twice daily [BID]) or crizotinib (250 mg BID) orally, respectively.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-positive Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Alectinib Drug: Crizotinib Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 187 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Multicenter, Phase III, Open-Label Study of Alectinib Versus Crizotinib in Asian Patients With Treatment-Naive Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 3, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 6, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alectinib
Participants will receive alectinib capsules orally at a dose of 600 mg BID with food until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity withdrawal of consent, or death.
Drug: Alectinib
Alectinib capsules will be administered orally at a dose of 600 mg BID until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity withdrawal of consent, or death.
Other Name: RO5424802

Active Comparator: Crizotinib
Participants will receive crizotinib capsules orally at a dose of 250 mg BID with or without food until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity withdrawal of consent, or death.
Drug: Crizotinib
Crizotinib capsules will be administered orally at a dose of 250 mg BID until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity withdrawal of consent, or death.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as Determined by Investigator Using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST) v1.1 [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the date of the first documented disease progression or death, whichever occurred first (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
    PFS was defined as the time (in months) from randomization to the first documentation of disease progression, as determined by the investigators, or to death from any cause, whichever occurred first.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PFS as Determined by Independent Review Committee (IRC) Using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, thereafter every 8 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
    PFS was defined as the time (in months) from randomization to the first documentation of disease progression, as determined by an independent review committee, or to death from any cause, whichever occurred first.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Objective Response of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) as Determined by Investigator Using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, thereafter every 8 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  3. Time to Progression of Disease in the CNS as Determined by IRC Using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, thereafter every 8 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  4. Time to Progression of Disease in the CNS as Determined by IRC Using Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, thereafter every 8 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  5. Duration of Response (DOR) Assessed by Investigator Using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, thereafter every 8 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  6. Overall Survival Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, until death (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  7. Percentage of Participants With Non-serious Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to overall period of approximately 40 months ]
    An adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with the treatment. An adverse event can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a pharmaceutical product, whether or not considered related to the pharmaceutical product. Preexisting conditions which worsen during a study are also considered as adverse events.

  8. Time to Deterioration Assessed Using EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core (QLQ-C30) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4, thereafter every 4 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  9. Time to Deterioration Assessed Using EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Lung Cancer Module (QLQ-LC13) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4, thereafter every 4 weeks until disease progression, death or withdrawal from the study and 4 weeks after permanent discontinuation (up to overall period of approximately 40 months) ]
  10. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve (AUC) of Alectinib and Its Metabolite [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 predose (within 2 hours before administration of study drug) ]
    AUC was collected for both alectinib and its major metabolite, M4, and was based on their concentrations in plasma over time.

  11. Maximum Plasma Concentration Observed (Cmax) of Alectinib and Its Metabolite [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 predose (within 2 hours before administration of study drug) ]
    Cmax was collected for both alectinib and its major metabolite, M4, and was based on their concentrations in plasma over time.

  12. Time to Cmax (Tmax) of Alectinib and Its Metabolite [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 predose (within 2 hours before administration of study drug) ]
    Tmax was collected for both alectinib and its major metabolite, M4, and was based on their concentrations in plasma over time.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced or recurrent (Stage IIIB not amenable for multimodality treatment) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC that is ALK-positive as assessed by the Ventana immunohistochemistry (IHC) test. Sufficient tumor tissue available to perform ALK IHC is required. Ventana IHC testing will be performed at the designated central laboratory
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) of 0-2
  • No history of receiving systemic treatment for advanced, recurrent (Stage IIIB not amenable for multimodality treatment) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC
  • Adequate hematologic function: Platelet count greater than equal to (>=) 100×10^9 per liter (/L); absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1500 cells per microliter (cells/mcL); hemoglobin>=9.0 grams per deciliter (g/dL)
  • Adequate renal function: an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula of >=45 milliliters per minute per 1.73 square meter
  • Participants must have recovered from effects of any major surgery or significant traumatic injury at least 28 days before receiving the first dose of study treatment
  • Measurable disease (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [RECIST v1.1]) before administration of study treatment
  • Previous brain or leptomeningeal metastases are allowed if the participant is asymptomatic (e.g., diagnosed incidentally at study baseline). Asymptomatic central nervous system (CNS) lesions may be treated at the discretion of the investigator as per local clinical practice. If participant has neurological symptoms or signs because of CNS metastasis, the participant must complete whole-brain radiation or gamma knife irradiation treatment. In all cases, radiation treatment must be completed >=14 days before enrollment and disease must be clinically stable
  • For all females of childbearing potential, a negative serum pregnancy test result must be obtained within 3 days prior to starting study treatment
  • For women who are not postmenopausal (>=12 months of non-therapy-induced amenorrhea) or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus), agreement to remain abstinent or use single or combined contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of <1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study drug. Abstinence is acceptable only if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception. Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of <1% per year include tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal implants, established, proper use of combined oral or injected hormonal contraceptives, and certain intrauterine devices. Alternatively, two methods (e.g., two barrier methods such as a condom and a cervical cap) may be combined to achieve a failure rate of <1% per year. Barrier methods must always be supplemented with the use of a spermicide
  • For men, agreement to remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of <1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 3 months after the last dose of study drug. Abstinence is acceptable only if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A malignancy within the previous 3 years (other than curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, early gastrointestinal (GI) cancer by endoscopic resection, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, or any cured cancer that is considered to have no impact in progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) for the current NSCLC)
  • Any GI disorder that may affect absorption of oral medications, such as malabsorption syndrome or status post-major bowel resection
  • Liver disease characterized by:
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) greater than (>) 3× the upper limit of normal (ULN; >=5×ULN for participants with concurrent liver metastases) confirmed on two consecutive measurements; or
  • Impaired excretory function (e.g., hyperbilirubinemia), synthetic function, or other conditions of decompensated liver disease such as coagulopathy, hepatic encephalopathy, hypoalbuminemia, ascites, and bleeding from esophageal varices; or
  • Acute viral or active autoimmune, alcoholic, or other types of hepatitis
  • National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 Grade 3 or higher toxicities because of any previous therapy (e.g., radiotherapy) (excluding alopecia), which have not shown improvement and are strictly considered to interfere with current study medication
  • History of organ transplant
  • Co-administration of anti-cancer therapies other than those administered in this study
  • Baseline QTc >470 ms or symptomatic bradycardia
  • Administration of strong/potent cytochrome P4503A inhibitors or inducers within 14 days prior to the receiving the first dose of study treatment and during treatment with alectinib or crizotinib
  • Administration of agents with potential QT interval prolonging effects within 14 days prior to receiving the first dose of study drug
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the additives in the alectinib or crizotinib drug formulation
  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-positivity or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness
  • Any clinically significant concomitant disease or condition that could interfere with, or for which the treatment might interfere with, the conduct of the study or the absorption of oral medications or that would, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, pose an unacceptable risk to the participant in this study
  • Any psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that potentially hampers compliance with the study protocol requirements or follow-up procedures; those conditions should be discussed with the participant before study entry

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02838420


Locations
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China
Beijing Cancer Hospital
Beijing, China, 100142
Beijing Chest Hospital; Oncology Department
Beijing, China, 101149
Jilin Cancer Hospital
Changchun, China, 130012
the First Hospital of Jilin University
Changchun, China, 130021
West China Hospital, Sichuan University
Chengdu, China, 610041
Second Affiliated Hospital of Third Military Medical University
Chongqing, China
Sun Yet-sen University Cancer Center
Guangzhou, China, 510060
Guangdong General Hospital
Guangzhou, China, 510080
The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
Guangzhou, China, 510120
The First Affiliated Hospital of College of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Hangzhou, China, 310003
Zhejiang Cancer Hospital
Hangzhou, China, 310022
Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital
Harbin, China, 150081
Jiangsu Cancer Hospital
Nanjing, China, 210009
Shanghai chest hospital
Shanghai, China, 200030
Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
Shanghai, China, 200032
Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital
Shanghai, China, 200433
Korea, Republic of
CHA Bundang Medical Center
Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 13496
Kangbuk Samsung Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 03181
Asan Medical Center - Oncology
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 05505
Samsung Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 6351
Thailand
Rajavithi Hospital; Division of Medical Oncology
Bangkok, Thailand, 10400
Ramathibodi Hospital; Dept of Med.-Div. of Med. Onc
Bangkok, Thailand, 10400
Khon Kaen University
Khon Kaen, Thailand, 40002
Songklanagarind Hospital; Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Respiratory
Songkhla, Thailand, 90110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 23, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] August 8, 2018


Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02838420     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: YO29449
First Posted: July 20, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 11, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Crizotinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action