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Study and Follow-up of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (GENEM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03348501
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 21, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon

Brief Summary:

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type I (MEN1) or Wermer syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease that predisposes patients to the development of endocrine tumours, principally parathyroid, pituitary or duodenal-pancreatic tumours. It is due to mutations that abolish the function of the MEN1 gene, which contributes to tumour regulation. It is a rare disease, with an estimated prevalence in the general population of 1/30,000. Penetrance of the disease is late but very high (almost 100% at 50 years of age). The first clinical manifestations usually appear after the age of 30 or 40 years.

The three cardinal endocrine characteristics of MEN1 are secreting tumours of the parathyroid, the pituitary gland and the pancreas. Tumours of the adrenal glands, bronchial or thymic endocrine tumours, ependymoma and meningioma of the central nervous system, visceral leiomyomas, and certain cutaneous tumours can also be found as well as these cardinal tumours.

The diagnosis of MEN1 is essential to ensure 1) appropriate therapeutic management of the proven endocrine manifestations 2) screening for other endocrine and non-endocrine tumours (lesions), 3) family screening of affected relatives whether they are symptomatic or not 4) the surveillance of thus diagnosed patients. Studies on mortality in MEN1 have shown that the causes of death are mainly due to the disease. The non-diagnosis of MEN1 is a cause of therapeutic failure in the management of the endocrine lesions. For the success of the surgical treatment of an isolated endocrine lesion it is important for patients to be oriented towards a diagnosis of MEN1 as the management is different from that in usual situations. Detection is thus of major importance, as early diagnosis can improve the management.

Even though the syndrome was discovered in 1903 by Erdheim and correctly documented in 1954 by Wermer, it was only in the 1970s that we became aware of the variety of clinical forms and attempted to codify its treatment. Nonetheless, published studies are fragmented and concern selected populations of few patients. They only partially answer questions arising in clinical practice concerning the prognosis and optimal management of patients. The natural history of the disease in all of its clinical forms is still poorly understood. Although advances in genetics have helped in the diagnosis of MEN1, some clinical forms are still difficult to associate with the syndrome: atypical forms, forms with hardly any symptoms and no genetic diagnosis (10%). These clinical forms need to be clarified to ensure optimal care. Only a large cohort will make it possible to describe the different forms of this disease and to clarify its prognosis


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Other: survey for long-term follow-up of the disease

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 2000 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Study and Follow-up of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Actual Study Start Date : July 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2031
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2031



Intervention Details:
  • Other: survey for long-term follow-up of the disease
    patients will be regularly asked about their state of health (occurrence of a major health event that required hospitalization, for example ...), and about their living conditions (alcohol and tobacco consumption, socio-economic environment). Questionnaires of quality of life and satisfaction related to care will also be offered at regular intervals to better know the impact of their disease on their daily lives and their perception of their care.


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Questionnaire or Life quality [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 19 years ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
serum 6 ml of blood and tissue 50 mg of tumour


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
This cohort includes symptomatic individuals, whose diagnosis of NEM1 has been confirmed, and domiciled in France
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Symptomatic individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of MEN1 and who live in France.

Patients with the following characteristics will also be included in the cohort:

  • At least two of the three cardinal clinical lesions (parathyroid, pancreas, pituitary),
  • OR an isolated known lesion of the disease, cardinal or not (parathyroid, pancreas, pituitary, adrenal, thymus, bronchus, tumour of the central nervous system) associated with a mutation of the MEN1 locus on chromosome 11q13,
  • OR an isolated lesion, cardinal or not (parathyroid, pancreas, pituitary, adrenal, thymus, bronchus, tumour of the central nervous system) in an individual with a confirmed family history of MEN1.

asymptomatic patients who carry a characteristic mutation of MEN1. Current knowledge suggests that these patients will develop symptoms during their follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

patients who present a single-organ genetic endocrine disease associated with another genetic syndrome (familial isolated pituitary adenoma FIPA, familial isolated hyperparathyroidism FIHP)


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03348501


Contacts
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Contact: Pierre GOUDET, MD 380293031 ext +33 pierre.goudet@chu-dijon.fr

Locations
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France
CHU Dijon Bourgogne Recruiting
Dijon, France, 21079
Contact: Pierre GOUDET, md    380293031 ext +33    pierre.goudet@chu-dijon.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
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Responsible Party: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03348501    
Other Study ID Numbers: GOUDET PARI2011
First Posted: November 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 21, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Genetic Diseases, Inborn