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Combining Neuro-Imaging and Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation for Clinical Intervention in Opioid Use Disorder

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04495673
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 3, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
The overarching goal of this project is to expand the traditional expertise in non-invasive neuromodulation at the University of Minnesota towards developing novel paired-neuromodulation approaches using transcrancial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for new addiction treatments that support long-term abstinence. This study will investigate whether the pairing of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) stimulation and cognitive training can enhance functional connectivity between DLPFC and nucleus accumbens (NAcc). We have identified higher functional connectivity between DLPFC and NAcc in alcoholics that have successfully maintained abstinence for extended periods of time (7 years). This paired-neuromodulation approach can potentially be used as a therapeutic intervention to decrease substance use probability in addiction (e.g. opioid use disorder). The long term goal is to develop new addiction treatments that support long-term abstinence in opioid use disorder. The overall objective of this proposal is to enhance functional connectivity between DLPFC and NAcc as a therapeutic intervention to enhance cognition and reduce substance use rates in opioid use disorder.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Opioid-Related Disorders Heroin Dependence Morphine Dependence Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Device: Sham Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Behavioral: Cognitive Training Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combining Neuro-Imaging and Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation for Clinical Intervention in Opioid Use Disorder
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: tDCS with Cognitive Training
DLPFC stimulation with tDCS with simultaneous cognitive training
Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
Participants receive 10 sessions (2 5-visit blocks of 46 minutes) of active tDCS to DLPFC (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex)

Behavioral: Cognitive Training
Executive functioning tasks

Active Comparator: Sham tDCS with Cognitive Training
Sham tDCS with simultaneous cognitive training
Device: Sham Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
Participants receive 10 sessions (1 5-visit block of 46 minutes of active tDCS and 1 5-visit block of sham tDCS)

Behavioral: Cognitive Training
Executive functioning tasks




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in circuit-based target engagement [ Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1) ]
    Participants will complete MRI sessions on a 3T scanner located in the Center for Magnetic Resonance Research (CMRR) at the University of Minnesota. Participants will undergo resting-state MRI over an 8-minute scan in order to gather resting state functional connectivity. Significant within-subject increase (p<.05, 1-tailed) in signal intensity (unitless measure) resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) of at least one frontally mediated network (frontal-striatal, frontal-insular, frontal-thalamic) in Active and Sham arms.

  2. Change in D-KEFS Trails T-Score [ Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1); Follow-up 1 (post-test + 1 month), Follow-up 2 (post-test + 2 months) ]
    The Trails subtest measures switching. The participant is presented with a sheet with several letters or numbers and is asked to follow the prompts (e.g. connect alternating numbers and letters). The time and number of errors for each of the 5 sheets is recorded and a T-score (range: 1-20) is calculated from this information. A higher T-score indicates higher capacity for switching, i.e., a better outcome.

  3. Change in D-KEFS Verbal Fluency T-Score [ Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1); Follow-up 1 (post-test + 1 month), Follow-up 2 (post-test + 2 months) ]
    The Verbal Fluency subtest measures executive control. Participants have to produce as many words as possible from a category in 60 seconds. The number of words produced and the number/position/type of errors are recorded. A T-score (range: 1-20) is calculated from this information. A higher T-score indicates higher executive control, i.e., a better outcome.

  4. Change in D-KEFS Color Word T-Score [ Time Frame: Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1); Follow-up 1 (post-test + 1 month), Follow-up 2 (post-test + 2 months) ]
    The Color-Word subtest measures switching capacity. The participant is presented with words demonstrating a mismatch between the name of a color (e.g., "blue", "green", or "red") and the color it is printed on (i.e., the word "red" printed in blue ink instead of red ink). The participant must follow the prompts (e.g. "Say the color of the ink this time") when responding. The number of correct answers and the time taken to complete the task are recorded, generating a T-score (range: 1-20). A higher T-score indicates higher capacity for switching i.e., a better outcome.

  5. Change in WAIS Digit Span T-Score [ Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1); Follow-up 1 (post-test + 1 month), Follow-up 2 (post-test + 2 months) ]
    The Digit Span subtest measures working memory. The participant is prompted to recall the order of digits they just heard (e.g., same order, backwards order, sequential order). There are two trials per item. Each item increases the difficulty by adding one digit. The total number correct generates a T-score (range: 1-20). A higher T-score indicates higher capacity for working memory, i.e., a better outcome.

  6. Change in WAIS Coding T-Score [ Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1); Follow-up 1 (post-test + 1 month), Follow-up 2 (post-test + 2 months) ]
    The Coding subtest measures switching capacity. The participant is presented with a symbol for each digit 1-9 (e.g., an upside-down "T" represents the number 2). The participant must translate the numbers into symbols, as fast as they can, for 120 seconds. The number of correctly-drawn symbols generates a T-score (range: 1-20). A higher T-score indicates higher capacity for switching, i.e., a better outcome.

  7. Change in Timeline Follow Back (TLFB) Score [ Time Frame: baseline; mid-test (week 2±1); post-test (week 3±1); Follow-up 1 (post-test + 1 month), Follow-up 2 (post-test + 2 months) ]
    The TLFB questionnaire measures substance use disorder severity. The questionnaire asks the participant about substance use in the past 30 days. The participant reports on a binary scale as to whether or not they have used a given substance. A greater number of days with drug use in the past month the participant used a substance equals a higher score. A higher score equals greater substance use disorder severity.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current diagnosis of opioid use disorder
  • Enrolled in a methadone treatment program for at least 2 months in Hennepin Healthcare and be clinically stable.
  • Meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) diagnostic criteria for opioid use disorder
  • Participants may have current comorbid drug use, but their primary substance use disorder diagnosis must to be based on opioid use.
  • Participants must have the intention to remain in the methadone treatment program until the end of the intervention portion of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any medical condition or treatment with neurological sequelae (i.e. stroke, tumor, loss of consciousness>30 min, HIV)
  • Head injury resulting in a skull fracture or a loss of consciousness exceeding 30 minutes (i.e., moderate or severe TBI)
  • Any contraindications for tDCS or MRI scanning (tDCS contraindication: actively receiving treatment for seizures or epilepsy; MRI contraindications; metal implants, pacemakers or any other implanted electrical device, injury with metal, braces, dental implants, non-removable body piercings, pregnancy, breathing or moving disorder)
  • Current active psychosis or mania
  • Presence of a condition that would render study measures difficult or impossible to administer or interpret (e.g. current mania, active psychosis)
  • Primary current substance use disorder diagnosis on a substance other than opioid except for caffeine or nicotine
  • Current stimulant use disorder (need to be free of stimulant use for at least 1 month)
  • History of electroconvulsive therapy or cortical energy exposure within the past 12 months, including participation in any other neuromodulation studies
  • incarceration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04495673


Contacts
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Contact: Lisa Keacher 612-624-0137 keach003@umn.edu

Locations
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United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota Recruiting
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Contact: Lisa Keacher    612-624-0137    keach003@umn.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kelvin Lim, MD University of Minnesota
Principal Investigator: Jazmin Camchong, PhD University of Minnesota
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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04495673    
Other Study ID Numbers: PSYCH-2018-26724
1UG3DA048508-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 3, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Opioid-Related Disorders
Heroin Dependence
Morphine Dependence
Narcotic-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders