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Predictors of Response in Chronic Stroke (SRT5)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04283253
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2020
University of Pittsburgh
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Brief Summary:
This study will validate a predictive model that uses demographics, functional status, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, and other potential biomarkers to predict the likelihood of a clinically significant change in impairment at the end of a robot assisted therapy intervention.The study will include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and an arm exercise program consisting of robot-assisted exercise combined with functional arm exercise called transition to task training (TTT).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke Brain Diseases Central Nervous System Diseases Nervous System Diseases Cardiovascular Diseases Device: Robot + TTT exercise Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

After informed consent, a baseline neurological exam, medical records review, MRI of the brain, TMS, questionnaires, cognitive testing, robot evaluations, and arm function testing will occur. Baseline testing will occur in the first 4-6 weeks of participation including two separate sessions approximately 1 week a part to examine arm strength, range of motion, and ability to perform functional tasks, with one additional session if needed to verify stability between results. Additionally, one robot evaluation will be completed.

The intervention phase consists of 12 weeks of robot and transition to task arm exercise training (TTT). Interventions will occur approximately 3 times per week for 12 weeks for a total of 36 visits. Additional time and visits will be allowed with visits occurring 4 times per week or up to 6 additional weeks (not to exceed 18 weeks) if scheduling conflicts arise. The intervention sessions will be one hour in duration.

During the hour-long intervention, 45 minutes of robotic intervention will be followed by 15 minutes of TTT. The training will be sequential with 12 sessions focused on the wrist, followed by 12 sessions on the shoulder-elbow and the final 12 sessions alternating between the wrist and elbow-shoulder.

After the final training session, subjects will return after a 12 week retention period. At various time points during and after the intervention phase there will be additional arm function testing, robot evaluations, questionnaires, MRI and TMS sessions for re-assessment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: One-arm, multiple baseline sequential, cohort study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Neurophysiological and Kinematic Predictors of Response in Chronic Stroke
Actual Study Start Date : October 22, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : March 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Robot + TTT Exercise
All participants will be enrolled in this group to receive the same 60 minute study intervention consisting of wrist and shoulder-elbow robot training and TTT arm exercises.
Device: Robot + TTT exercise
The intervention will be completed 36 visits approximately 3x/week for 12-18 weeks. The training progression will be sequential with 12 visits completed on the wrist robot, followed by 12 visits on the shoulder-elbow robot and completing with 12 visits alternating sessions on the wrist and shoulder-elbow robot. Participants will perform robot training for 45 minutes with each robot followed by 15 minutes of TTT practice to complete their 60 minute intervention session.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. A change in the Fugl-Meyer Upper Extremity Assessment score [ Time Frame: Immediately following the 12-week intervention ]
    The Fugl-Meyer is one of the primary outcome measures assessing change in arm use from baseline testing to mid-training after visits 12 and 24, and post-training after visit 36 and the 12 week retention period. It is a stroke-specific measure of impairment of the upper extremity that has been shown to be valid and reliable with high inter-rater and test-retest reliability. It provides a direct-observational assessment of volitional movement and motor impairment related to reflexes, sensation, and abnormal synergies. Each item on the FM is rated on a three-point ordinal scale (0 = cannot perform, 1 = performs partially, 2 = performs fully). The scale ranges from 0-66 with higher scores representing less motor impairment.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. A change in motor evoked potential during Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the motor cortex [ Time Frame: Immediately following the 12-week intervention ]
    TMS stimulation of the motor cortex will be performed using MagStim 200 Magnetic Stimulators (MagStim Ltd., Wales, UK) to assess change in the motor evoked potential (MEP) of the arm muscles.

  2. A change in brain connections assessed via MRI of the brain [ Time Frame: Immediately following the 12-week intervention ]
    A detailed analysis of the MRI data will examine individual interregional connections to determine whether any of them are more sensitive to the intervention than others.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically defined, unilateral, hemiparetic stroke with radiologic exclusion of other possible diagnosis
  • Stroke onset at least 6 months before enrollment
  • Present with Mild/Moderate to Severe arm dysfunction (based on Fugl-Meyer scores of 10 to 45)
  • Be medically stable to participate in the study
  • Be English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to give informed consent
  • Have a serious complicating medical illness that would preclude participation.
  • Contractures or orthopedic problems limiting range of joint motion in the potential study arm
  • Visual loss such that the subject would not be able to see the test patterns on the robot computer monitor
  • Botulinum toxin to study arm within four months of study enrollment or if received during the study period
  • Unable to comply with requirements of the study
  • Participants with a history of a seizure will not be precluded from the study, but will not be enrolled in the TMS portions
  • Participants with electromagnetic exclusions (metal implants in the cranium, implanted electronic devices etc.) will not be precluded from the study but will be excluded from the MRI and TMS portions
  • Have a serious complicating medical illness that would preclude participation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04283253

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United States, Pennsylvania
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
University of Pittsburgh
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Principal Investigator: George Wittenberg, PhD University of Pittsburgh
Benjamin EJ, Blaha MJ, Chiuve SE, Cushman M, Das SR, Deo R, de Ferranti SD, Floyd J, Fornage M, Gillespie C, Isasi CR, Jiménez MC, Jordan LC, Judd SE, Lackland D, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth L, Liu S, Longenecker CT, Mackey RH, Matsushita K, Mozaffarian D, Mussolino ME, Nasir K, Neumar RW, Palaniappan L, Pandey DK, Thiagarajan RR, Reeves MJ, Ritchey M, Rodriguez CJ, Roth GA, Rosamond WD, Sasson C, Towfighi A, Tsao CW, Turner MB, Virani SS, Voeks JH, Willey JZ, Wilkins JT, Wu JH, Alger HM, Wong SS, Muntner P; American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017 Mar 7;135(10):e146-e603. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000485. Epub 2017 Jan 25. Review. Erratum in: Circulation. 2017 Mar 7;135(10 ):e646. Circulation. 2017 Sep 5;136(10 ):e196.

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Responsible Party: VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System Identifier: NCT04283253    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00003161
First Posted: February 25, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

A de-identified, anonymized dataset will be created and shared. Where practicable, sharing should take place under a written agreement prohibiting the recipient from identifying or re-identifying (or taking steps to identify or reidentify) any individual whose data are included in the dataset. However, it is permissible for final datasets in machine-readable format to be submitted to and accessed from PubMed Central (and similar sites) provided that care is taken to ensure that the individuals cannot be re-identified using other publicly available information.

Datasets will be made available to the public following appropriate approvals for disclosure criteria.

Every effort will be made to protect personal privacy and the confidentiality of private information collected for research purposes. This particular dataset will be de-identified and the minimum amount of information necessary to achieve the objectives of the research proposed will be collected and shared.

Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Vascular Diseases