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Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab Followed by On-demand TACE or Initial Synchronous Treatment With TACE and Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab (DEMAND)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04224636
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Enrico De Toni, Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich

Brief Summary:
Aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of up-front atezolizumab/ bevacizumab (Atezo/Bev) followed by on-demand selective transarterial chemoembolization (sdTACE) and of initial synchronous treatment with TACE and Atezo/Bev in the treatment of unresectable HCC patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Non-resectable Combination Product: Atezolizumab Injection, Bevacizumab Injection Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 106 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, 2-arm Non-comparative Phase II Study on the Efficacy of Atezolizumab and Roche Bevacizumab (Atezo/Bev) Followed by On-demand Selective TACE (sdTACE) Upon Detection of Disease Progression or of Initial Synchronous Treatment With TACE and Atezo/Bev on 24-months Survival Rate in the Treatment of Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients
Actual Study Start Date : April 6, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Up-front Atezo/Bev, then TACE
Patients will receive atezolizumab and bevacizumab iv every three weeks for up to 24 months. Upon detection of at least one unequivocal progressive hepatic lesion, selective TACE directed against progressive lesion(s) (sdTACE) will be performed. RFA or MWA are permitted as alternative to TACE to treat one or more lesion that cannot be reasonably selectively targeted by TACE
Combination Product: Atezolizumab Injection, Bevacizumab Injection
Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab will be administered prior to or in combination with TACE
Other Name: Chemoembolisation (TACE)

Experimental: Atezo/Bev combined with TACE
First TACE will be performed as selectively as possible against all viable tumor lesions. Atezo/Bev will be initiated within three days from TACE. Upon detection of at least one unequivocal progressive hepatic lesion, treatment with Atezo/Bev will be continued if RFA or MWA can be used to treat this/these progressive lesion.
Combination Product: Atezolizumab Injection, Bevacizumab Injection
Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab will be administered prior to or in combination with TACE
Other Name: Chemoembolisation (TACE)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 24-months survival rate [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Percentage of patients alive after 24 months since randomization

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median overall survival (mOS) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Defined as the time from treatment initiation until death

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Progression is defined according RECIST 1.1 and mRECIST

  3. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Response is defined by RECIST 1.1 and mRECIST

  4. Complete response rate (CRR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Defined by the percentage of patients with disappearance of tumor manifestation at radiological evaluation

  5. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Defined as the percentage of patients who have achieved complete response, partial response and stable disease

  6. Time to deterioration of liver function [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Defined as time from randomization to worsening of CTCAE grade for any of these parameters: aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin, albumin, and international normalized ratio (INR)

  7. Time to untreatable progression [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    defined as time from randomization to progression not amenable to local treatment as per protocol, occurrence of vascular invasion or of extrahepatic spread, worsening of liver function to Child-Pugh score 8 or higher

  8. Time to stage-progression [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Defined as time from randomization to disease progression to BCLC C stage

  9. Time to first TACE (arm A) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Defined as time from randomization to disease to the first TACE

  10. Quality of life (QOL) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Standardized assessment will be performed by using EORTC QLQ-C30 - European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Quality of Life Core Questionnaire 30 items

  11. Quality of life (QOL) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Standardized assessment will be performed by using EORTC QLQ-HCC18 - European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Quality of Life Core Questionnaire - Hepatocellular carcinoma module 18

  12. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE v5.0

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Key Inclusion Criteria

  1. Patient's signed informed consent
  2. Age ≥18 years at time of signing Informed Consent Form
  3. Ability to comply with the study protocol, according to investigator's judgement
  4. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  5. HCC with histologically confirmed diagnosis
  6. Disease that is not amenable to curative surgical and/or local ablation but eligible for TACE
  7. ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1
  8. Child-Pugh class A or B7
  9. Adequate hematologic and end-organ function
  10. Negative HIV test at screening

Key Exclusion Criteria

  1. Diffuse HCC or presence of vascular invasion or extrahepatic spread or more than 7 lesions or at least one lesion >= 7 cm
  2. Clinically relevant ascites
  3. Uncontrolled pleural effusion or pericardial effusion
  4. History or presence of hepatic encephalopathy
  5. Co-infection of HBV and HCV
  6. Patients on a liver transplantation list.
  7. Prior systemic therapy for HCC
  8. Prior treatment with TACE or selective internal radiation treatment (SIRT)
  9. Any condition representing a contraindication to TACE
  10. Major gastrointestinal bleeding within 4 weeks prior to randomization, untreated or incompletely treated varices with bleeding or high-risk for bleeding.
  11. Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency
  12. Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
  13. History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan
  14. Active tuberculosis
  15. Severe infection requiring antibiotics within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  16. Significant cardiovascular disease
  17. History of congenital long QT syndrome or corrected QT interval >500 ms at screening ECG
  18. Inadequately controlled arterial hypertension or prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
  19. Significant vascular disease including aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or peripheral arterial thrombosis with 6 months prior to randomization
  20. History of abdominal or tracheoesophageal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to randomization.
  21. History or clinical signs of gastrointestinal obstruction or requirement for routine parenteral hydration, parenteral nutrition, or tube feeding. Evidence of abdominal free air that is not explained by paracentesis or recent surgical procedure
  22. History of intra-abdominal inflammatory process within 6 months prior to randomization, including but not limited to peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis, or colitis
  23. Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy
  24. Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications.
  25. Uncontrolled tumor-related pain. Patients requiring pain medication must be on a stable regimen at enrollment.
  26. Severe, non healing or dehisced wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture
  27. History of malignancy other than HCC, with the exception of patients who have been disease-free for at least five years before enrollment or patients with adequately treated and completely resected basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical, breast or prostate cancer, stage I uterine cancer
  28. Current or recent (within 10 days of randomization) use of acetylsalicyclic acid or treatment with dipyramidole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, and cilostazol
  29. Current or recent (within 10 days prior to randomization) use of full dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants or thrombolytic agents for therapeutic purpose.
  30. Chronic daily treatment with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Occasional use of NSAIDs for the symptomatic relief of medical conditions such as headache or fever is allowed.
  31. Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to randomization, or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during atezolizumab treatment or within 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab
  32. Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, and antiPD-L1 therapeutic antibodies
  33. Hypersensitivity to atezolizumab or bevacizumab or any of the excipients, known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products, known hypersensitivity to human or humanized antibodies
  34. Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin 2 [IL-2]) within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to randomization
  35. Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication within 2 weeks prior to randomization, or anticipation of need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during study treatment, with the following exceptions:

    Patients who received acute, low-dose systemic immunosuppressant medication or a one-time pulse dose of systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., 48 hours of corticosteroids for a contrast allergy) are eligible.

    Inhaled corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or bronchial asthma, supplemental mineralocorticosteroids or low-dose corticosteroids for adrenalcortical insufficiency are allowed.

  36. Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to randomization, or abdominal surgery, abdominal interventions or significant abdominal traumatic injury within 60 days prior to randomization or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study or non-recovery from side effects of any such procedure
  37. Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure, excluding placement of a vascular access device, within 3 days prior to the first dose of bevacizumab
  38. Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  39. Participation in a clinical trial or experimental drug treatment within 28 days prior to inclusion in the clinical trial or within a period of 5 half-lives of the substances administered in a clinical trial or during an experimental drug treatment prior to inclusion in the clinical trial, depending on which period is longest, or simultaneous participation in another clinical trial while taking part in this clinical trial.
  40. Patient committed to an institution by virtue of an order issued either by the judicial or the administrative authorities
  41. Patient possibly dependent from the investigator including the spouse, children and close relatives of any investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04224636

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Contact: Najib Ben Khaled, MD +49 89 4400 78160

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KEM Evang. Kliniken Essen Mitte Recruiting
Essen, Germany
Contact: Pluntke Stefan, MD         
University Hospital Jena Not yet recruiting
Jena, Germany, 07743
Contact: Philipp Reuken, MD         
University Hospital Cologne Not yet recruiting
Köln, Germany, 50931
Contact: Dirk Waldschmidt, MD         
Hospital of the University of Munich Recruiting
Munich, Germany, 81377
Contact: Enrico N De Toni, MD    +49 (0)894400-0   
Principal Investigator: Enrico N De Toni, MD         
Principal Investigator: Jens Ricke, MD         
Principal Investigator: Julia Mayerle, MD         
Klinikum Rechts der Isar of the Technical University Munich Recruiting
Munich, Germany, 81675
Contact: Ursula Ehmer, MD         
University Hospital Regensburg Recruiting
Regensburg, Germany, 93053
Contact: Arne Kandulski, MD         
University Hospital Tübingen Recruiting
Tübingen, Germany, 72076
Contact: Michael Bitzer, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Enrico De Toni, Professor, Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich Identifier: NCT04224636    
Other Study ID Numbers: AIO-HEP-0418
2019-002430-36 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 13, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors