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F18 Fluciclovine PET/CT in Assessing Tumor Volume and Radiation Therapy Response in Patients With Glioblastoma Undergoing Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03926507
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This early phase I trial studies how well F18 fluciclovine positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) works in assessing tumor volume and radiation therapy response in patients with glioblastoma undergoing surgery. Radioactive imaging agents, such as F18 fluciclovine, used during PET/CT scan may help measure tumor size compared to standard of care magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents in patients receiving radiation therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Procedure: Computed Tomography Other: Fluciclovine F18 Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare fluciclovine F18 (F18 fluciclovine) PET CT for tumor volume assessment compared to T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1 post contrast magnetic resonance (MR) brain imaging.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess changes in F18 fluciclovine defined disease with surgery and radiation.

II. To assess the relationship between post-radiation enhancing brain tissue and F18 fluciclovine activity.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the association between results from pathology and F18 fluciclovine, T2 FLAIR, and T1 post-contrast MR brain imaging.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive fluciclovine F18 intravenously (IV) and undergo 4 PET/CT scans over 10 minutes paired with standard of care MRI within 14 days prior to initial maximal tumor resection, within 7 days prior to initiation of radiation therapy, 28 days after the completion of radiation therapy, and 6 months after the completion of radiation therapy.

After completion of study, patients will be followed up at 3 and 6 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Study of F18 Fluciclovine PET CT for Assessment of Glioblastoma Tumor Volume and Radiation Response
Actual Study Start Date : April 30, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 15, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 15, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: CT Scans

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Diagnostic (fluciclovine F18 PET/CT)
Patients receive fluciclovine F18 IV and undergo 4 PET/CT scans over 10 minutes paired with standard of care MRI within 14 days prior to initial maximal tumor resection, within 7 days prior to initiation of radiation therapy, 28 days after the completion of radiation therapy, and 6 months after the completion of radiation therapy.
Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo PET/CT scan
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • computerized tomography
  • CT
  • CT SCAN
  • tomography

Other: Fluciclovine F18
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (18F)Fluciclovine
  • (18F)GE-148
  • 18F-Fluciclovine
  • [18F]FACBC
  • Anti-(18f)FABC
  • Anti-1-Amino-3-[18F]Fluorocyclobutane-1-Carboxylic Acid
  • Anti-[18F] FACBC
  • Axumin
  • Fluciclovine (18F)
  • FLUCICLOVINE F-18
  • GE-148 (18F)
  • GE-148 F-18

Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
Undergo PET/CT scan
Other Names:
  • Medical Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography
  • PET
  • PET Scan
  • Positron Emission Tomography Scan
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor volume [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Will be assessed with fluciclovine F18 (F18 fluciclovine) positron emission tomography (PET) computed tomography (CT). The three volumes measured (amino acid hypermetabolic volume [AHV], T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery [FLAIR] and T1 contrast [T1C]) will be compared to each other for each patient, and plotted as boxplots, both raw (as mL) and as normalized values (to the T1C volume) to facilitate comparisons between patients.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in F18 fluciclovine defined disease with surgery and radiation [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 6 months ]
    Will compare tumor volumes measured by this method between the initial time point and the three follow-up time points within patients using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests.

  2. Post-radiation enhancing brain tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    To assess the relationship between post-radiation enhancing brain tissue and F18 fluciclovine activity, will use rank correlation analysis.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Results from pathology [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Will use rank correlation analysis to assess the association between results from pathology and F18 fluciclovine, T2 FLAIR, and T1 post-contrast MR brain imaging. The association between tumor histology (glioma/non-glioma) and grade and tumor volumes from imaging results will be assessed using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests and rank correlation.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is a candidate for brain tumor resection and radiation with lesion suspected to be or previously biopsy proven to be a glioblastoma.
  • Patient is able to understand and give consent to participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant.
  • Known allergy to gadolinium-based contrast agents or F18 fluciclovine.
  • Renal failure as evidenced by a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2.
  • Pacemakers, electronic stimulation, metallic foreign bodies and devices and/or other conditions that are not MR safe, which include but are not limited to:

    • Electronically, magnetically, and mechanically activated implants
    • Ferromagnetic or electronically operated active devices like automatic cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac pacemakers
    • Metallic splinters in the eye
    • Ferromagnetic hemostatic clips in the central nervous system (CNS) or body
    • Cochlear implants
    • Other pacemakers, e.g., for the carotid sinus
    • Insulin pumps and nerve stimulators
    • Non-MR safe lead wires
    • Prosthetic heart valves (if dehiscence is suspected)
    • Non-ferromagnetic stapedial implants
    • Pregnancy
    • Claustrophobia that does not readily respond to oral medication.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03926507


Contacts
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Contact: Jason M Johnson 713-792-8443 jjohnson12@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Jason M. Johnson    713-792-8443      
Principal Investigator: Jason M. Johnson         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jason M Johnson M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03926507     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-0869
NCI-2019-01532 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2018-0869 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 24, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 27, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue