Mindfulness Meditation Versus Physical Exercise: Comparing Effects on Stress and Immunocompetence
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03728062|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Stress Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice||Behavioral: Mindfulness meditation Behavioral: Physical exercise||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||72 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Factorial Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Mindfulness Meditation vs. Physical Exercise as Internal Recovery Strategies: Study on Comparative Effects on Stress, Fatigue, Burnout, Sleep Quality and Immunocompetence. A Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 4, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 1, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 1, 2018|
Experimental: Mindfulness meditation during lunch break
Participants performed mindfulness meditation during lunch break at work place for a month, beginning with 15 minutes and ending with 30 minutes. They had available a "quiet room" and mp3 audios with guided meditations based on the MBSR program.
Behavioral: Mindfulness meditation
Guided mindfulness meditation focused on breath sensations, thoughts and emotions.
Other Name: Mindfulness based intervention (MBSR)
Experimental: Physical exercise during lunch break
Participants performed physical exercises during lunch break at a gym for a month, beginning with 15 minutes and ending with 30 minutes. They were instructed to do cardio exercise such as running through a park or going to the gym for running, rowing, cycling or elliptical exercise. 20-140 beats per minute must be reach.
Behavioral: Physical exercise
Cardio exercise at gym like rowing, eliptical, cycling, or running outside.
Other Name: Cardio exercise
No Intervention: Control group
Participants continue their normal lunch routine.
- Spanish version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire of Levenstein [ Time Frame: 8 months ]Validation of the Spanish version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire of Levenstein et al. (1993). It is a scale to measure stress in psychosomatic disorders. It consists of 30 items, with Likert responses from 1(almost never) to 4 (almost always). The Spanish version has 6 factors: Harrassment-social acceptance, Overload, Irritability-tension-fatigue, Energy-Joy, Fear-anxiety, Self-realization-satisfaction. The higher score, the higher perceived stress.
- Recovery Experience Questionnaire (Sonnentag et al., 2007) [ Time Frame: 8 months ]Recovery Experience Questionnaire (Sonnentag et al. 2007) is a measure for assessing recuperation from work. It has 16 items divided into four subscales: psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery and control. Each subscale has 4 items. Every items has a 5-point scale from 1 (I do not agree al all) to 5 (I fully agree). Higher scores indicates a higher degree of recovery from work stress.
- Spanish version of the General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg et al., 1997) [ Time Frame: 8 months ]Short version of General Health questionnaire. It has 12 items divided into three subscales: Stress, Coping strategies and Self-steem. Every item has a Likert scale to answer from 0 to 3. Higher scores indicates worse general health.
- Salivary Immunoglobulin A [ Time Frame: 1 months ]Level changes from Baseline to 1 month follow-up. Samples were collected in Salivettes -trademark- (a plastic tube with a swab) twice a day: in the morning (round 7am) and after work (round 7pm). There were collected two Salivettes every of the three moment of measuring (pretest, postest and 1 month follow-up). That means there were taken 6 tubes for every participant.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03728062
|Telefonica S.A, Telecom company|
|Study Director:||Miguel Angel Santed Germán, PhD||Universidad Nacional Española a Distancia|
|Study Director:||Carlos María Alcover de las Heras, PhD||Universidad Rey Juan Carlos|