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Advanced Materials Science in XLIF Study (AMS in XLIF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03649490
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : August 28, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
This study is being conducted to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of three different interbody implant types when used with cancellous allograft chips with BMA or cellular allograft in patients undergoing XLIF surgery. The study will evaluate success by comparing the rate of fusion, complications profile, and any relationships between clinical outcomes (pain and function) and radiographic outcomes (fusion rate) between the three implant groups.

Condition or disease
Degenerative Disc Disease Spondylolisthesis

Detailed Description:
This study is a prospective, non-concurrent, multicenter study to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of smooth PEEK, 3D-printed titanium, and Porous PEEK interbody implants when used with cancellous allograft chips with BMA or cellular allograft in subjects who undergo XLIF surgery at one or two levels. To minimize selection bias, all consecutive patients at a given site who meet eligibility requirements will be asked to consent to participate in the study. These patients will present with degenerative conditions in the lumbar spine that are amenable to surgical treatment and will be screened prior to study enrollment. Once enrolled into the study, subjects will undergo their XLIF operation using one of the 3 previously noted interbody implants based on a non-concurrent enrollment schedule. The bone graft material used inside the interbody implant will be randomly assigned between cancellous allograft chips with BMA or cellular allograft prior to surgery based on surgeon investigators' equipoise for the effectiveness of both bone graft materials. Subjects will be followed for 24 months following surgery to determine the number of study subjects that are solidly fused at or before 24 months postoperatively.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective Multicenter Study Evaluating the Effect of Implant Material and/or Surface Structure on Progression of Fusion in XLIF® Surgery
Actual Study Start Date : August 19, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Smooth PEEK Interbody Implants in XLIF
Smooth PEEK interbody implants for XLIF (with allograft chips and BMA or cancellous allograft) provide maximum surface area and structural stability with large central apertures to allow bony through-growth. Multiple length options enable optimal apophyseal support, thus reducing the chance of subsidence. Additionally, lordotic profiles are available to induce proper sagittal alignment.
3D-Printed Titanium Interbody Implants in XLIF
3D-printed, fully porous titanium interbody implants for XLIF (with allograft chips and BMA or cancellous allograft) have a porous architecture that mimics the porosity and stiffness of bone for reduced stress shielding and improved radiographic imaging. The advanced microporous surface topography creates an ideal environment for bone in-growth.
Porous PEEK Interbody Implants in XLIF
Porous PEEK interbody implants for XLIF (with allograft chips and BMA or cancellous allograft) combine the osseointegration capabilities of porous metal implants with the favorable imaging and mechanical properties of traditional PEEK implants. The Porous PEEK architecture, with 60% porosity and 300 mm average pore size, is specifically tailored to elicit the optimal osteogenic cell response and promote bone tissue ingrowth inside the pores, as demonstrated in preclinical studies.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic Fusion Success [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The proportion of subjects with apparent radiographic fusion at or before 24 months within each treatment group

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. MCID and SCB threshold for each PRO: VAS (back/leg pain), ODI, and EQ-5D, within each treatment group [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12, and 24 months ]
    Percentage of subjects meeting minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) thresholds for each patient-reported outcome (PRO): Back and leg pain (visual analog scale (VAS)), disability (Oswestry disability index (ODI)), and quality of life (EQ-5D) within each treatment group.

  2. Fusion Rates at Follow-up Timepoints [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 months ]
    Percentage of subjects with a successful radiographic interbody fusion by each follow-up timepoint (6, 12, and 24-month postoperative follow-up)

  3. Maintenance of Radiographic Correction [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12, and 24 months ]
    Percentage of subjects with maintenance of radiographic correction out to 24-months postoperative follow-up within each treatment group

  4. Complications [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12, and 24 months ]
    Rate of complications attributable to the use of the interbody implants to be studied

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Male and female patients who are 18-80 years of age with planned extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) surgery prior to enrollment in the research at one or two lumbar levels for the treatment of degenerative disc disease, including those with up to Grade 2 spondylolisthesis.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male and female patients who are 18-80 years of age;
  2. Planned interbody fusion surgery, including at least one level of extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) prior to enrollment in the research at one or two consecutive lumbar levels for degenerative disc disease, including those with up to Grade 2 spondylolisthesis, with one of the following NuVasive, Inc. interbody implants:

    1. Coroent® XL PEEK interbody implant; or
    2. Modulus® 3D-printed titanium interbody implant; or
    3. Cohere® XLIF Porous PEEKTM interbody implant.

    If a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion or anterior lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF or ALIF) is planned adjacent to the XLIF level, the same NuVasive, Inc. interbody implant material type must be used as determined by the implant enrollment schedule. For example:

    1. Smooth PEEK: Coroent XL PEEK (XLIF) + Coroent L (TLIF) or Coroent XLR (ALIF) or Brigade (ALIF)
    2. 3D-printed titanium: Modulus XLIF + Modulus TLIF or Modulus ALIF
    3. Porous PEEK: Cohere XLIF + Coalesce TLIF (currently no ALIF option)
  3. The planned procedure must include placement of bilateral posterior screw fixation with or without intrafacet fusion using autograft (with or without the assigned allograft used at the XLIF level(s)) at the treated level(s). Direct posterior decompression at the index interbody fusion level(s) is acceptable.
  4. Preoperative coronal Cobb angle of < 10°;
  5. Able to undergo surgery based on physical exam, medical history, and surgeon judgment;
  6. Understands the conditions of enrollment and willing to sign an informed consent to participate in the evaluation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Use of BMP, synthetic bone graft substitutes, allografts, or any other graft material in the interbody or intrafacet spaces other than those under study;
  2. Posterior grafting other than the allowed intrafacet fusion at the treated level(s);
  3. Revision of prior fusion at treated level(s) (adjacent level interbody fusion is acceptable);
  4. XLIF procedure that requires or results in the release of the anterior longitudinal ligament or posterior osteotomy;
  5. Preoperative coronal Cobb angle of ≥ 10°;
  6. Procedures performed with XLIF interbody implants with integrated vertebral body screw(s);
  7. Active smoking six (6) weeks prior to surgery;
  8. Systemic or local infection (active or latent);
  9. Diseases that significantly inhibit bone healing (e.g., prior diagnosis of osteoporosis, metabolic bone disease, uncontrolled diabetes, dialysis dependent renal failure, symptomatic liver disease);
  10. Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune disease that, in the option of the investigator, would interfere with bone healing and/or fusion;
  11. Treatment with pharmaceuticals interfering with calcium metabolism;
  12. Undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment or chronic use of steroids (defined as more than 6 weeks of steroid use within 12 months of surgery or anytime postoperatively, other than episodic use or inhaled corticosteroids);
  13. Use of bone stimulators postoperatively;
  14. Non-ambulatory, wheelchair-bound;
  15. Involvement in active litigation relating to the spine (worker's compensation claim is allowed if it is not contested);
  16. Significant general illness (e.g., HIV, active metastatic cancer of any type, uncontrolled diabetes, dialysis dependent renal failure, symptomatic liver disease);
  17. Spinal metastases or active spinal tumor malignancy;
  18. Immunocompromised or is being treated with immunosuppressive agents;
  19. Pregnant, or plans to become pregnant during the study;
  20. Mental or physical condition that would limit the ability to comply with study requirements;
  21. Prisoners;
  22. Participating in another clinical study that would confound study data.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03649490

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United States, Florida
Lyerly Neurosurgery
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
University of South Florida Department of Neurosurgery, Tampa General Hospital
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33606
United States, Illinois
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Kentucky
Orthopaedic Institute of Western Kentucky
Paducah, Kentucky, United States, 42001
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, Missouri
Columbia Orthopedic Group Research
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65201
United States, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28207
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Atlantic Brain and Spine
Wilmington, North Carolina, United States, 28401
United States, Oklahoma
The Spine Clinic of OKC
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73114
United States, Texas
UT Health San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22903
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Kyle Malone, MS NuVasive
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Responsible Party: NuVasive
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03649490    
Other Study ID Numbers: NUVA.X1801
First Posted: August 28, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Intervertebral Disc Degeneration
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases