Evaluation of Eating Habits and Dysgeusia During Chemotherapy Treatment in Patients Affected by Breast Cancer (CHANGE)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03210441|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2017 by LUCIA VASSALLI, Azienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili di Brescia.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : July 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2017
|Condition or disease|
|Breast Cancer Dysgeusia Eating Behavior Quality of Life|
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Overweight and obesity represent a risk factor for hormone dependent cancers such as breast, endometrium, ovarian, uterine and gastrointestinal cancer.
In particular, overweight and obesity are risk factors for breast cancer in post-menopause women since they are associated to higher level of circulating estrogens, insulin, insulin-like growth factor levels, leptin, adiponectin, growth factors (such as hepatocyte growth factor) and inflammatory cytokines (TNFα and Interleukin-6 (IL-6)). Moreover, they reduce sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) plasma levels. Overweight and obesity are also negative prognostic factors for breast cancer in post-menopause women since they increase the risk of early relapse and death. An increased weight (2.5-6.2 Kg) is commonly reported during chemotherapy treatment in post-menopause women. This is due to increased appetite, hyperphagia and hydric retention associated with reduced metabolism and physic activities. However, the weight gain during therapy is still not recognised as a negative prognostic factor.
Furthermore, a decrease in weight may also occur during chemotherapy. This is mainly due to lower appetite and early satiety, dysgeusia, nausea and vomiting or intolerance to certain foods. Decreasing weight can determine less efficacy and tolerance in therapy, more complications/infections, more and longer hospitalisations and, as a consequence, a reduced quality of life and survival.
Dysgeusia is an alteration in taste that can determine food aversion, selection of hypercaloric food or reduced food introduction up to malnutrition. More than 75% of patients under chemotherapy refer dysgeusia; this is related to drugs (such as folic acid competitors, cyclophosphamide cisplatin and taxanes) and can last for weeks. ln particular, taxanes determine a peripheral nerves degeneration. The results are a metallic taste and an alteration in salted perception. In addition, they determine a dose-dependent chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) with painful paraesthesia, total areflexia and muscular extremities weakness. Dysgeusia is an underestimated problem. Instrumental examinations and laboratory tests can be useful but they cannot replace a detailed medical history and a close physical examination associated with international validate questionnaires.
At the moment, no agreement was found on chemotherapy-induced dysgeusia prevention and therapy. Patients resolve this problems with cold food, candies before meals and sugary drinks and these behaviours lead to increasing in weight.
This is a prospective cohort study for the evaluation of eating habits changes and dysgeusia in patients with breast cancer during chemotherapy treatment. It will explore also the potential relations with anxiety, depression, insomnia and quality of life. These evaluations will be actuated using internationally validate questionnaires.
This study is based on the collection of data with international validate questionnaires:
- Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and photography atlas
- Chemotherapy-induced taste alteration scale (CiTAS): evaluation of changes in taste.
- Functional assessment of cancer therapy (FACT_B): evaluation of quality of life for physical health, social and familiar health, emotional health, functional health and health in relation with the pathology.
- Beck depression inventory (BDI) and HADS: evaluation of depression presence and its intensity.
- Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and insomnia severity index (ISI): evaluation of sleep quality.
- State and trait anxiety inventory (STAI-Y): evaluation of anxiety presence and its intensity.
Based on the proportion of the women in overweight before chemotherapy is 30% and the proportion of the women in overweight after chemotherapy is 50% (with a 5% α error and an 80% strength), the established number of patients to include in the study is 186. In prevision of a 10% loss of patients in follow-up, 204 patients will be included in the study.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||204 participants|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of Eating Habits and Dysgeusia During Chemotherapy Treatment: a Prospective Cohort Study on Patients Affected by Breast Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||May 6, 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 6, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 6, 2018|
Patients affected by breast cancer and potentially treated with taxane chemotherapy
Patients affected by breast cancer and not potentially treated without taxane chemotherapy
- To evaluate eating habits changes in patients affected by breast cancer during chemotherapy treatment [ Time Frame: From basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]Appearence of dysgeusia, asthenia, diarrhoea, decreased or increased appetite, mucositis, nausea, stypsis, vomiting and meteorism will be evaluated throught Food frequency questionaire (FFQ) compared to baseline (nefore chemotherapy)
- Evaluation of dysgeusia [ Time Frame: From basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]Presence of changes in food taste (sweet, salt, bitter) and food smell compared to baseline in patients treated with taxanes throught the evaluation of a food questionnaire
- Evaluation of weight alterations [ Time Frame: From basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]Evaluation of the correlation between eating habits changes and dysgeusia with changes in weight through weight/height measurement and BMI calculation to evaluate the influence of eating habits changes and changes in weight on outcome in patients (relapse free interval (RFI) and overall survival (OS))
- Evaluation of eating habits changes [ Time Frame: from basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), chemotherapy-induced taste alteration scale questionnaire (CiTAS)
- Evaluation of the impact of eating habits changes and dysgeusia on quality of life [ Time Frame: from basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]functional assessment of cancer therapy questionnaire (FACT_B)
- Evaluation of the impact of eating habits changes and dysgeusia on depression [ Time Frame: from basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]beck depression inventory (BDI) and HADS test
- Evaluation of the impact of eating habits changes and dysgeusia on insomnia [ Time Frame: from basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and insomnia severity index (ISI)
- Evaluation of the impact of eating habits changes and dysgeusia on anxiety, depression [ Time Frame: from basal visit and after every 3 months (during and post-chemotherapy) up to 12 months post- chemotherapy ]state and trait anxiety inventory (STAI-Y) will be administered to patients
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03210441
|Contact: Lucia Vassalli, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Filippo Rodellaemail@example.com|
|Azienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili di Brescia||Recruiting|
|Brescia, Italy, 25123|
|Contact: Lucia Vassalli, MD firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Lucia Vassalli, MD||ASST Spedali Civili di Brescia|