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Effects of Light-therapy in Alzheimer's Disease (ALZ-Light)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02686190
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:

Background: Management of patients with Alzheimer's disease associated with behavioral disturbances is difficult especially in those with agitation/aggression and insomnia and nighttime behaviors. No treatment has shown any efficacy to control these disturbances and psychotropics drugs, i.e. sedatives and hypnotics have numerous adverse effects.

Objective: Assess the effect of bright light therapy on behavioral disturbances of patients with Alzheimer's disease, especially the effect on agitation/aggression and insomnia and nighttime behaviours.

Study design: Multicenter non pharmacological intervention trial, controlled, randomized, open, two-arm design : control group and intervention group.

Centres : Rehabilitation and long term-care units of 4 geriatric hospital wards.

Patients: 120 patients admitted in geriatric hospital wards (30 by centre), with probable Alzheimer's disease according to DSM-IV diagnosis criteria and agitation/aggression (associated or not with insomnia or nighttime behaviors) according to the Neuropsychiatric inventory, nurse scale (NPI-nurse).

Treatments: Intervention group: patients will participate in a program of bright light therapy realised during a one-hour sessions of occupational therapy,. These sessions will be realised for groups of 6 patients and will be done every week day, at late morning, for 4 consecutive weeks). During the session, patients will be exposed to 10000 lux-bright light. Patients of control group will participate in a program of occupational therapy of same duration and rhythm, realised in standard light conditions (about 300 lux).

Assessment: Patients with be assessed on 3 occasions: inclusion, two and four weeks after the beginning of the programs. Assessment will comprise ; NPI-nurse scale and Cohen-Mansfield scale for behaviour disturbances, wrist actimetry for sleep and nighttime behaviours (total sleep length, nocturnal wake episodes and nocturnal motor agitation).

Judgment criteria: Principal: changes in the agitation/aggression item of NPI-nurse scale. Secondary: changes of the nightime behaviours item of NPI-nurse scale, the Cohen-Mansfield, total sleep duration and numbers of nocturnal wake episodes measured by wrist actimetry.

Statistics: Changes in agitation/aggression scores od the two groups will be compared by Mann and Whitney test.

Expected results and perspectives; If bright light exposure is efficient, professional caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients might apply this cheap and non pharmacological approach to improve behaviour and sleep of these patients. This study might contribute to better define the place of a non invasive and promising technique, wrist actigraphy, to assess sleep and behaviour disturbances in psychogeriatric patients


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Other: Luxtherapy Not Applicable

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Detailed Description:

Our hypothesis is that bright light can help improve behavior and sleep in patients with Alzheimer's disease with agitation type of behavior disorders. This hypothesis has been built on the notion that morning exposure to bright light can reduce the synchronization of circadian rhythms observed in patients with this disease, and the preliminary study data on low numbers and supporting this hypothesis.

OBJECTIVES Primary objectives: To study the effect of treatment with bright light to improve patient behavior disorders Alzheimer's disease, including its effect on agitation / aggression (score obtained in item agitation / aggression of NPI scale-nurse).

Secondary objective: (1) To study the effect of treatment with bright light to improve patient behavior disorders Alzheimer's disease, including its effect on sleep disorders (score obtained in item nocturnal sleep-behavior NPI -nurse, scale score of Cohen-Mansfield) ; (2) To study the effect of treatment with bright light treatment on cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer's disease (MMSE score of the scale). (3)To examine the interest of the wrist actigraphy to assess motor behavior and sleep in Alzheimer's disease.

RESEARCH DESIGN The primary endpoint is the change over time of the score obtained in item agitation / aggression of the NPI-nurse level.

The secondary endpoints are:

  • Change over time the score for item-night sleep behavior NPI-nurse
  • Change over time in the Cohen-Mansfield scale
  • Evolution over time of total sleep time determined by wrist actigraphy
  • Changes over time in the number of episodes of nocturnal restlessness determined by wrist actigraphy
  • Analysis of data from the wrist actigraphy in the group without interference
  • Change over time the scale score MMSE

METHODS Non-pharmacological intervention, randomized, open, multicenter, parallel group (intervention group and control group).

The total duration of the research is 24 months. The study will be conducted among hospital geriatric participants. Each center will equip a room to make light therapy: installing a ceiling, provision of furniture to complete the procedure.

The participation of the subjects included in the search includes a visit inclusion and 5 visits spaced one week to assess the behavior, sleep and vis-à-vis tolerance of exposure to bright light.

Variables recorded: Some variables concerning the inclusion criteria and description of patients and will be measured at baseline demographics, Alzheimer criteria NINCDS ADRDA, severity of dementia, scale Observation-based nocturnal Sleep Inventory (ONSI) Negative to screen for sleep apnea, MMSE.

The assessment of behavioral disorders by the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-nurse) and the Cohen-Mansfield scale will be performed before the initiation of treatment (end of S0) at the end of S2 and at the end of S4).

Sleep duration and amplitude of motor activity will be assessed by wrist actigraphy. Tthe wrist actigraphy has experienced a significant development for the assessment of sleep.

Periods of wakefulness / sleep, will be studied using an actimeter the Vivago device (STI International) which is in the form of a wristwatch worn on the wrist of the non-dominant person and contains an accelerometer. The activity meter measures and records the full range of motion achieved for 60 consecutive seconds and transmits the measured value every minute radio frequency to a base connected to a computer that records real-time values. A computer application to detect with good reliability sleep periods based on the analysis of movements and their amplitude and has been validated by laboratory studies in healthy people of all ages. This same device was also used to study the circadian rhythms in patients with dementia and non-dementia in nursing homes, so it seems quite usable in demented patients. This system collects the total sleep time, and periods of revival / night activity. For cons, the use of this device to record and quantify motor agitation is a new approach that has never been developed known. This exploratory approach will require several experimental treatments of data to identify the most relevant parameters in the context of the analysis of the range of motion. Schematically, the study will focus on the amplitude schedule of movements, but also on the frequency of movement exceeding a certain threshold amplitude. Finally, the variation in the test more than inter-individual differences will be studied in particular.

Treatment compliance by bright light will be assessed by the presence of the occupational therapy sessions and the actual duration of patient's presence during exposure to bright light recorded at each session.

This study will not require laboratory test or imaging study.

Randomization will be centralized and organized by the Pitie-Salpetriere URC-Charles Foix. Randomization will be stratified by center. For each center, each patient is assigned a randomization number by randoweb® and therefore a treatment, when it will be considered eligible in the study. The randomization will be balanced by blocks within each center.

Detailed description of how to use the device Intervention group In the intervention group, will be organized a occupational therapy sessions program group of 6 during which the bright light will be administered. These sessions will take place 5 times a week for 4 consecutive weeks. They will be organized in the late morning (10h30 - 12h) for a duration of 1:30, and led by a teacher specially recruited for the project.

Each session lasts 1h30 and will be conducted in a room prepared for this purpose. It will include three ceiling light therapy Elecolight® QUEBEC (including 10,000 lux lamps) placed above the center of a rectangular table with 6 seats, about 50/60 cm (central device) or 80 cm (on both side of the central device) above the table plane. So patients sat around the table to make occupational therapy activities while receiving bright light. The arrangement will ensure that the lamp will be at a distance of 60-80 cm from the face of patients. The light output power in areas where patients will sit will be measured with a light meter to check the adequacy of the provision. This arrangement will allow patients to receive the illumination in "green" requirements while achieving a group activity. The occupational therapy activities will be chosen to be performed on the table: drawing, dominos, cards, etc ... Given the particularities of the patients studied (patients with Alzheimer's disease with behavioral problems), this mode of administration seems preferable to the conventional method (patient to sit still in front of the light box), which would likely be encumbered with a high failure rate with these patients.

Control group Patients in the control group will benefit from occupational therapy sessions program in same group as those in the intervention group, except the lighting conditions to be normal conditions, that is to say an intensity of about 50 lux. They will be conducted by specially recruited for the project educator in a comparable local, early afternoon and during the same weeks as the intervention group. Indeed, the control group's program will begin at the same time as the intervention group. The nature of occupational therapy sessions offered to patients in this group are similar to those made during the sessions in the intervention group. This point seems important because it allows a certain degree of adjustment of the environment between the intervention and control, while minimizing the management of differences, patients do not benefit all group sessions in usual care .

Expected duration of participation of people, and description of the timing and duration of all periods of research The duration of a patient's participation in the research will be 5 weeks: S0, S1, S2, S3 and S4.

The tours are designated as follows: V0: evaluation at the end of the first week without treatment (S0); V1: at the end of the first week of treatment (Week 1); V2, V3, V4, at the end of the corresponding weeks of treatment (Week 2 to Week 4).

Each patient will be 6 visits. Their timing and contents are:

The first phase of screening include seeking eligibility criteria and patient information and relatives by presenting the information note.

The first visit Vi is the inclusion visit: obtaining the consent; The doctor will sign the consent.

The other 5 visits are:

  • V0: Initial evaluation with behavior assessment,
  • Then 4 visits (V1 to V4) weekly during treatment (performed at the end of each treatment week): V1, V2, V3, V4: search for adverse events; V2, V4: behavioral assessment by a psychologist; V4: collection of end of study information.

The behavioral assessment by a psychologist will be made initially (V0) and then at V2 and V4 visits (VF or when stopping before the end of the study), employing specific rating scales including NPI -nurse and scale Cohen-Mansfield, who are not practiced in the context of the assumption usual care. The patient's cognitive functions controlled while checking the inclusion criteria, will also be re-evaluated using the MMSE scale during this visit.

The doctor will perform recruited on a first time screening of patients, with an assessment of their behavior disorders and sleep, within the framework defined by the criteria of inclusion and non-inclusion of the study.

Criteria for inclusion of persons participating in research;

  • Age over 60 years
  • Patient hospitalized in geriatric care immediately or long-term care,
  • Patients with probable Alzheimer's disease according to NINCDS-ADRDA
  • Stage of moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (defined as MMSE between 2 and 21).
  • Patients with agitation rated 4 or more per item agitation / aggression of the behavior rating scale Neuropsychiatric Inventory-nurse,
  • Patient free from acute disease.
  • Patient with sleep apnea evaluation scale ONSI (Observation-based nocturnal Sleep Inventory) negative
  • Affiliation to a social security scheme
  • Signature of consent by the patient himself or the trusted person or legal representative for patients under guardianship

Criteria for non-inclusion of persons participating in research;

  • Patients may leave the ward within 4 weeks
  • Patient refusing to participate in the study
  • Patient with a trusted person and / or legal representative which refuses participation in the study.
  • Patients suffering from retinopathy (DMLA, proliferative diabetic retinopathy) or blindness for whatever reason, lack of crystalline (or aphakia).

These conditions will be systematically sought by an ophthalmologic consultation if the patient has not had in the year before inclusion.

  • Patient receiving photosensitizing drug imipramine, lithium, tetracycline, hydrochlorothiazide, phenothiazine.
  • Patients suffering from porphyria.
  • Patient with known sleep apnea syndrome. A specific test for the detection of sleep apnea will be checked prior to the inclusion of patients. This is the test ONSI, validated in elderly demented persons, and allowing screened for sleep apnea in patients with a sensitivity of 91%. ONSI positive test will be an exclusion criteria of the study.
  • Patient with known REM sleep behavior disorder
  • Patients with clinical criteria of mental confusion as diagnosing clinician.
  • Patient with obvious pathology may itself cause behavior disorders: psychosis, manic-depressive illness, a condition with acute or chronic pain.

In these cases, the inclusion of the patient may be reviewed after returning to a stable clinical condition for at least 3 weeks.

- Unbalanced psychotropic treatment subject to dose modifications in the previous 4 weeks (patients receiving one or more psychotropic stable dose for at least 3 weeks may be included).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 91 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Bright Light to Improve Agitation and Sleep Disorders in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease
Study Start Date : July 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Luxtherapy
Luxtherapy exposition
Other: Luxtherapy
No Intervention: Not luxtherapy
Not luxtherapy exposition



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. score agitation / aggression scale NPI-nurse [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks ]
    Change over time of the score obtained in item agitation-aggression of the NPI-level nurse.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. score agitation-aggression scale NPI-nurse [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks ]
    Change over time score to item nocturnal sleep-behavior of the NPI-nurse


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. scale score Cohen-Mansfield [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks ]
    Change over time in the Cohen-Mansfield scale

  2. MMSE scale score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ]
    Change over time score scale MMSE

  3. Nocturnal sleep data measured by wrist actimetry [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Age over 60 years
  • Patient hospitalized in geriatric care immediately or long-term care,
  • Patients with probable Alzheimer's disease according to NINCDS-ADRDA
  • Stage of moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (defined as MMSE between 2 and 21).
  • Patients with agitation rated 4 or more per item agitation / aggression of the behavior rating scale Neuropsychiatric Inventory-nurse,
  • Patient free from acute disease.
  • Patient with sleep apnea evaluation scale ONSI (Observation-based nocturnal Sleep Inventory) negative
  • Affiliation to a social security scheme
  • Signature of consent by the patient himself or the trusted person or legal representative for patients under guardianship

Exclusion criteria:

  • Patients may leave the ward within 4 weeks
  • Patient refusing to participate in the study
  • Patient with a trusted person and / or legal representative which refuses participation in the study.
  • Patients suffering from retinopathy (DMLA, proliferative diabetic retinopathy) or blindness for whatever reason, lack of crystalline (or aphakia). (These conditions will be systematically sought by an ophthalmologic consultation if the patient has not had in the year before inclusion.)
  • Patient receiving photosensitizing drug imipramine, lithium, tetracycline, hydrochlorothiazide, phenothiazine.
  • Patients suffering from porphyria.
  • Patient with known sleep apnea syndrome. (A specific test for the detection of sleep apnea will be checked prior to the inclusion of patients. This is the test ONSI, validated in elderly demented persons, and allowing screened for sleep apnea in patients with a sensitivity of 91%. ONSI positive test will be an exclusion criteria of the study.)
  • Patient with known REM sleep behavior disorder
  • Patients with clinical criteria of mental confusion as diagnosing clinician.
  • Patient with obvious pathology may itself cause behavior disorders: psychosis, manic-depressive illness, a condition with acute or chronic pain. (In these cases, the inclusion of the patient may be reviewed after returning to a stable clinical condition for at least 3 weeks.)
  • Unbalanced psychotropic treatment subject to dose modifications in the previous 4 weeks (patients receiving one or more psychotropic stable dose for at least 3 weeks may be included).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02686190


Locations
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France
Hôpital Charles Foix
Ivry-sur-Seine, France, 94205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joël BELMIN, PUPH 00 331 49 59 45 65

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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02686190     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P081119
IDRCB ( Other Identifier: 2011-A01601-40 )
First Posted: February 19, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016
Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
Alzheimer; luxtherapy, sleep disturbance, behaviour disturbance
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders