Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Neoadjuvant Lenvatinib Combined With Letrozole in Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02562118
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 29, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eisai Co., Ltd.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National University Hospital, Singapore

Brief Summary:

This is a single-centre study comprising two phases: a lead-in phase Ib and a phase II randomized portion.

Lead-in Phase Ib study A lead-in phase I study will be built into this protocol to confirm the dose of lenvatinib that can safely be combined with letrozole.

We expect that the optimal phase II dose level will be determined after recruiting 12-18 subjects into phase Ib. This dose level will be the one to be tested in the phase II portion of the study.

Phase II open label study In this part of the study, eligible patients will be treated with single agent lenvatinib at the phase II recommended dose for 2 weeks, followed by lenvatinib combined with letrozole 2.5mg daily for 12 weeks.

A total of 30 patients with ER positive breast cancer and measurable primary tumor will be enrolled over a period of 24-30 months


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Lenvatinib + Letrozole Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Hypothesis:

We hypothesize that combining a RET inhibitor such as lenvatinib with endocrine therapy may potentiate anti-tumor effects in ER+ breast cancers in the clinic. Given that RET inhibition is the primary mechanism of action of lenvatinib, we further hypothesize that RET expression in the breast tumor may be a biomarker that predicts for better response to the combination of a RET inhibitor and endocrine therapy in both a neoadjuvant (Part A) and a metastatic (Part B) setting.

Primary Objectives

  1. To confirm the dose of lenvatinib that can be safely combined with letrozole in the lead-in Phase Ib part of the study.
  2. Part A (For patients with non-metastatic breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant treatment) : To determine the overall clinical response (measured by ultrasound) and pathological complete response rate after 2 weeks of neoadjuvant single agent lenvatinib followed by 12 weeks of letrozole combined with lenvatinib and compare with historical controls treated with single agent letrozole.
  3. Part B (For patients with metastatic breast cancer and who have tumor lesion that can be serially biopsied safely): to determine the clinical response (measured by RECIST criteria) after 2 weeks of single agent lenvatinib followed by continuous dual therapy of lenvatinib and letrozole, until time of progression or intolerability.

Secondary Objectives

  1. To evaluate the overall biological effects (Ki67 changes, histological response, apoptosis, RET and downstream targets such as AKT and ERK) of 2 weeks of single agent lenvatinib, and of letrozole + lenvatinib, in ER positive breast cancer, respectively.
  2. To identify biological predictors for treatment response to letrozole + lenvatinib in ER positive breast cancer using pharmacokinetics, pharmacogenetics, genomics and proteomics strategies.
  3. To compare the following parameters between RET positive versus RET negative, ER positive breast cancer:

    • Part A :

i. Clinical response (measured by ultrasound) and biological effects of 2 weeks of single agent lenvatinib, ii. Clinical response (measured by ultrasound) and biological effects after 2 weeks of single agent lenvatinib followed by 12 weeks of letrozole combined with lenvatinib

-Part B : i. Clinical response measured by RECIST criteria after 2 weeks of single agent lenvatinib followed by letrozole combined with lenvatinib ii. Progression-free and overall survival with letrozole combined with lenvatinib

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase Ib Followed by Phase II Study of Pre-operative Treatment With Lenvatinib Combined With Letrozole in Post-menopausal Women With Newly Diagnosed Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer With Measurable Primary Breast Tumor
Study Start Date : September 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenvatinib + Letrozole
Single agent lenvatinib daily continuously x 2 weeks, followed by Letrozole 2.5mg daily + lenvatinib x 12 weeks (for Part A) or continuous till progression or intolerability (Part B)
Drug: Lenvatinib + Letrozole
Single agent lenvatinib daily continuously x 2 weeks, followed by letrozole 2.5mg daily + lenvatinib x 12 weeks. Lumpectomy or mastectomy should be considered after completing 14 weeks of pre-operative lenvatinib + letrozole for curative intent in non-metastatic patients and for local control for patients with metastatic disease. If surgery is planned, it should preferably be performed within 2-12 weeks after completing neoadjuvant endocrine therapy, and after toxicities (if any) from the neoadjuvant endocrine therapy have resolved. If the patient is deemed inoperable after 14 weeks of lenvatinib + letrozole, a final biopsy will be obtained, and the patient discontinued from the study and treated as per standard clinical practice by the treating physician.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rates of clinical response [ Time Frame: 2-3 weeks ]
    Complete and partial clinical response, including confidence intervals.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rates of pathological complete responses. [ Time Frame: 4-6 weeks ]
    A pathological complete responder is defined as any patient who demonstrates no histological evidence of invasive tumor in the primary breast site as well as in resected axillary lymph nodes

  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 2 - 5 year ]
    Time to documented disease progression is defined as the time from the date of study enrollment to the first date of documented disease progression. Time to documented disease progression will be censored at the date of death for patients who have not had documented disease progression. For patients who are still alive at the time of analysis and who have not had documented disease progression, time to documented disease progression will be censored at the date of the last follow-up visit.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female, age ≥ 18 years.
  • Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of breast carcinoma.
  • Part A: T1-4 breast cancer with measurable primary breast tumor, defined as palpable tumor with both diameters 2.0cm or greater as measured by caliper. Newly diagnosed metastatic patients with measurable primary breast tumor ≥2cm are eligible provided that there are plans for toilet mastectomy after completing 14 weeks of pre-operative drug therapy. Patients must not have received prior chemotherapy or hormonal therapy for the treatment of the current breast cancer.
  • Part B: Patients with metastatic breast cancer with measurable tumor by RECIST criteria.Patients previously treated with letrozole are eligible if they progressed on letrozole ≥1 year after adjuvant treatment, or ≥ 6 months in the metastatic setting.
  • ECOG 0-1.
  • Estimated life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  • Adequate organ function including the following:

    • Bone marrow:
    • Absolute neutrophil (segmented and bands) count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Hepatic:
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN),
    • ALT or AST ≤ 2.5x ULN, (or ≤5 X with liver metastases)
    • Renal:

Creatinine ≤ 1.5x ULN

• Post-menopausal women. Post-menopausal status is defined either by

  • Age ≥ 60 years and one year or more of amenorrhea
  • Age < 60 years and one year or more of amenorrhea (in the absence of ovarian suppression) and with estradiol and FSH levels consistent with menopause, *Treatment with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist (goserelin acetate or leuprolide acetate) is not permitted for induction of ovarian suppression for Part A (patients with non-metastatic disease receiving the study treatment as neoadjuvant therapy).

However, in Part B (patients with metastatic disease), pre-menopausal women who are treated with medical ovarian suppression with post-menopausal levels of estradiol (institutional limits) at time of study entry and who will continue to be suppressed with 4-weekly LHRH agonist during study treatment may be enrolled. If these patients were previously on 12-weekly long-acting LHRH agonist, this has to be switched to 4-weekly LHRH agonist while the patient is on study treatment.

• Signed informed consent from patient or legal representative.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment within the last 30 days with any investigational drug.
  • Concurrent administration of any other tumor therapy, including cytotoxic chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and immunotherapy.
  • Major surgery within 28 days of study drug administration.
  • Active infection that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate therapy.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Breast feeding.
  • Serious concomitant disorders that would compromise the safety of the patient or compromise the patient's ability to complete the study, at the discretion of the investigator.
  • Active bleeding disorder or bleeding site.
  • Non-healing wound.
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus.
  • Second primary malignancy that is clinically detectable at the time of consideration for study enrollment.
  • Symptomatic brain metastasis.
  • History of significant neurological or mental disorder, including seizures or dementia.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02562118


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Soo Chin Lee (65) 6779 5555 soo_chin_lee@nuhs.edu.sg

Locations
Layout table for location information
Singapore
National University Hospital Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore, 119228
Contact: Soo Chin Lee    (65) 6779 5555    soo_chin_lee@nuhs.edu.sg   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Hospital, Singapore
Eisai Co., Ltd.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Soo Chin Lee National University Hospital, Singapore
Publications:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02562118    
Other Study ID Numbers: BR01/04/15
2015/00411 ( Other Identifier: NHG DSRB )
First Posted: September 29, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Keywords provided by National University Hospital, Singapore:
letrozole
lenvatinib
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Letrozole
Lenvatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors