Investigating the Efficacy of Hair Sparing Radiotherapy Treatment to the Whole Brain. (SPARE)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02213536|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor recruitment and follow up)
First Posted : August 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2019
To investigate the use of a scalp sparing technique of radiotherapy treatment designed to treat the whole brain. Current treatment methods to treat the whole brain with radiotherapy result in complete alopecia as a side effect. Hair loss is usually patchy and uneven and re-growth similar and slow.
It is hoped that reducing the radiation dose to the hair bearing follicle on the scalp will reduce hair loss and increase the speed and evenness of re-growth.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Metastatic Brain Cancer||Radiation: VMAT (Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy)|
Rationale for conducting the SPARE study:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of delivering WBRT via the VMAT method on hair loss and subsequent re-growth. Hair loss has been found to have a negative impact on QoL and can be particularly stressful for patients with a very short life expectancy, this is already well documented. Trying to minimise this treatment side effect, as previously stated in the literature, is a worthwhile investigation. This study is not looking at any prescribed dose changes to the established, evidence based and well documented prescriptions for WBRT. SPARE is an observational study of hair loss and re-growth during and after a patient's prescribed clinical treatment.
Aims and Objectives;
1) To observe hair loss and re-growth in patients undergoing Whole Brain Radiotherapy using the Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy method of delivery.
As complete alopecia is expected in 100% of patients receiving conventionally delivered WBRT it will be considered a positive result if complete hair loss does not happen when using VMAT in this group of patients.
Assessment of hair loss and re-growth.
The assessment of hair loss and subsequent re-growth will be conducted using both objective and subjective assessments:
- Objective assessment: Photographic
- Subjective assessment: Patient interviews \ completion of a hair record sheet.
Initial baseline photographs will be taken before any radiotherapy treatment is delivered on day one of the treatment schedule. Four photographs in total of the head, two laterals (left and right sides), the top (superior) and back (posterior). Subsequent serial photographs will be taken at two weeks, one, two, three, and four months after radiotherapy treatment.
Patients will be asked to give their own opinion on their hair loss \ gain and this will be recorded on the hair record forms and completed by a member of the study team. This will be conducted at the same time intervals as the scalp photographs being taken.
Scalp photos will also be assessed by 2 independent members of the research team and scored using the same scales as the participant. Subsequent follow-up scalp pictures will be assessed against baseline (day 1) photos or complete alopecia images to assess re-growth.
Planning and Dosimetry:
Treatment plans will be generated using a 2 arc VMAT technique generated on Varian's Eclipse treatment planning system using 10 MV photons delivered on a Varian Clinac equipped with a Millennium Multileaf Collimator. Plans will be optimized selecting a maximum dose rate of 600 MU/min.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||5 participants|
|Official Title:||Investigating the Efficacy of Scalp Sparing Radiotherapy Treatment to the Whole Brain: Examining the Effect of Hair Loss and Re-growth|
|Study Start Date :||August 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 20, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 20, 2019|
Patients requiring whole brain radiotherapy as part of their cancer managment.
Radiation: VMAT (Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy)
Delivering a prescribed radiation dose to the whole brain using VMAT to reduce dose to hair follicles on scalp.
- To assess hair loss and hair regrowth in patients undergoing WBRT using VMAT via photographic assessment by independent professionals at intervals up to 16 weeks post end of treatment. [ Time Frame: 4 months post radiotherapy treatment ]
- To assess patient perceptions of hair loss and hair regrowth in patients undergoing WBRT using VMAT via self assessment at intervals up to 16 weeks post end of treatment. [ Time Frame: 4 months post radiotherapy treatment end ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02213536
|The Harley Street Clinic|
|London, United Kingdom, W1G 8PP|
|Study Chair:||David Landau, DR||Clinical Oncologist with practising privilages at The Harley Street Clinic, HCA International Limited hospitals.|