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Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Efficacy Study of Recombinant Antithrombin Versus Placebo in Preterm Preeclampsia (PRESERVE-1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02059135
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 11, 2014
Results First Posted : August 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
rEVO Biologics

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of recombinant human antithrombin (ATryn) in addition to expectant management for the treatment of preterm preeclampsia (PPE). Efficacy will be assessed by comparing the difference in extension of gestational age from the time of randomization into the study until delivery between ATryn and placebo treated subjects. In addition, the effect of ATryn on fetal and neonatal clinical outcomes will be assessed. The PK characteristics of ATryn in the subjects will be investigated by measuring AT activity levels in the mother during treatment and in cord blood.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Preeclampsia Biological: Recombinant human antithrombin (ATryn) Other: Normal Saline 0.9% Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Hospitalized PPE patients who are being expectantly managed, after initial assessment and stabilization period, will be considered for the study. After informed consent has been obtained subjects will be screened for eligibility. Screening includes obtaining the subject's medical/obstetric history and a physical examination which includes an assessment of maternal and fetal status. Blood samples for hematology, clinical chemistries, biomarkers, coagulation, immunogenicity and AT activity levels will be drawn. Urine will be collected for baseline urinalysis, protein/creatinine ratio and biomarkers. Eligible subjects who meet inclusion/exclusion criteria will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive a continuous infusion of either ATryn or placebo.

Sampling for AT activity will be performed immediately prior to the first dose of study drug and at specified times thereafter.

Subjects will continue on study drug until maternal and/or fetal indications for delivery necessitate cessation of expectant management or until 34 0/7 weeks of gestation. The average extension of pregnancy with standard of care expectant management in this patient population is approximately 7 days. It is assumed that treatment with ATryn will provide an additional increase in gestational age of 5-7 days as compared to this standard of care. Total duration on study drug is therefore estimated to be approximately 7 to 14 days on average.

Post treatment assessments of the mother will be performed at hospital discharge and approximately 4-6 weeks after delivery of the neonate. Information on the neonates will be collected until they reach a post-menstrual age (PMA) of 36 weeks. If the neonate reaches 36 weeks PMA < 28 days following delivery, the final neonatal follow-up visit should be done at the 4-6 week post-delivery visit.

After the primary study completion and follow-up period, the neonate total number of days in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), days on a ventilator, days requiring supplemental oxygen (FiO2 ≥21%),the neonate hospital discharge date and whether the neonate is discharged from the hospital with a requirement for supplemental home oxygen therapy will be collected to help assess health care utilization. In addition, the date of death will be collected if the neonate expires before hospital discharge. These data will be considered supplemental to the primary study data set.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Evaluation of the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Efficacy of Recombinant Antithrombin Versus Placebo in Preterm Preeclampsia (PRESERVE-1)
Actual Study Start Date : July 11, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 18, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Recombinant Human Antithrombin (ATryn)
ATryn 250 mg loading dose over 15 minutes, immediately followed by continuous infusion of 2000 mg per 24 hours. Total daily dose is 2250 mg for the first day and 2000 mg on subsequent days
Biological: Recombinant human antithrombin (ATryn)
Atryn 250 mg loading dose over 15 minutes, immediately followed by continuous infusion of 2000 mg per 24 hours. Total daily dose is 2250 mg for the first day and 2000 mg on subsequent days
Other Name: Recombinant human antithrombin (rhAT)

Placebo Comparator: Normal Saline 0.9%
Placebo (Normal Saline 0.9%, matched for volume of active treatment) consisting of a loading dose over 15 minutes followed by continuous infusion.
Other: Normal Saline 0.9%
Placebo Comparator: Normal Saline 0.9%
Other Name: Normal Saline

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Increase in Gestational Age in Days [ Time Frame: Subjects will continue on study drug until maternal and/or fetal indications for delivery necessitate cessation of expectant management or until 34 0/7 weeks of gestation. ]
    Increase in gestational age is defined as the gestational age at delivery minus the gestational age at randomization.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite Measure of Specific Fetal and Neonatal Outcomes Based on Protocol Defined 5-point Scale (Scores of 0 to 4) [ Time Frame: Neonatal outcomes were assessed from birth until the later of 36 weeks (wks) Post Menstrual Age (PMA) and the 36 wks PMA visit, or through the 4-6 weeks post-delivery visit (if both 36 wks PMA and the 36 wks PMA visit occurred < 28 days post delivery) ]

    Composite score was calculated based on the following fetal and neonatal events: bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), cystic periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), late Sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and mortality (fetal and neonatal). The endpoint is measured on a 5 point scale where 0 represents no outcomes experienced and no mortality, and 4 represents death, as shown below. Should the same outcome occur more than once, it will only be counted once.

    Score Outcome 0 No events, no mortality

    1. One event, no mortality
    2. Two events, no mortality
    3. Three or more events, no mortality
    4. Death

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of Participants Experiencing Individual Maternal, Perinatal and Neonatal Outcomes and Number of Participants Who Avoided All Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality [ Time Frame: Maternal-till 4-6 weeks post delivery.Neonatal -birth until the later of 36 weeks PMA and the 36 weeks PMA visit, or through the 4-6 weeks post-delivery visit (if both 36 weeks PMA and the 36 weeks PMA visit occurred less than 28 days following delivery). ]
    Maternal and fetal/neonatal outcomes of specific interest were defined in the protocol. Maternal subjects were assessed through 4-6 weeks post delivery to determine if outcomes had occurred. Neonatal outcomes were assessed from birth until 36 weeks post menstrual age, or through the 4-6 week post delivery visit (if 36 weeks PMA occurs <28 days following delivery). A second fetal/neonatal composite outcome was the avoidance of fetal/neonatal mortality and neonatal morbidity [BPD, IVH grade ≥ 3, cystic PVL, ROP stage ≥ 3, late sepsis, and NEC (Bell's stage ≥ 2)].

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Hospitalized female pregnant patients of gestational age of ≥23 0/7 weeks to ≤30 0/7 weeks (for subjects at gestational age 23 0/7 to 23 6/7 all standard interventions including antenatal steroids and cesarean for fetal indications must be offered).

    Gestational age determination by local practice using one of the following three approaches:

    • Last menstrual period (LMP) dating and confirmatory ultrasound
    • Ultrasound alone when LMP is not reliable
    • Known date of conception in the setting of assisted reproductive technology
  2. At least 16 years of age (NOTE: different age restrictions may apply per local regulation and/or ethical considerations; subjects under the local age of consent may be excluded at the discretion of the reviewing Institutional Review Board (IRB)
  3. Recent diagnosis of Preeclampsia or Superimposed Preeclampsia as defined by:

    • For Preeclampsia

    • Gestational hypertension defined as a recorded systolic blood pressure (BP) of

      ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg on 2 occasions at least 4 hours apart (since the commencement of medical intervention in any facility) OR

    • Severe gestational hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure of ≥ 160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 110 mm Hg, confirmed with second assessment within a short interval (minutes) AND
    • New onset of any of the following:

      • Proteinuria defined as ≥0.3 g protein per 24 hours in a 12-24 hour urine collection or protein/creatinine ratio of ≥0.3 mg/mg* (on a random sample or any collection period.)
      • Platelet count less than 100,000/μL
      • Serum creatinine concentrations greater than 1.1 mg/dL in the absence of other renal disease
      • Elevated liver transaminases to ≥ twice upper limit of normal
      • Cerebral or visual symptoms

    For Superimposed preeclampsia:

    • The start of antihypertensive medication, increasing the dose of a currently administered antihypertensive medication or adding a second antihypertensive medication after 20 weeks of pregnancy for systolic BP ≥ 160 or diastolic BP ≥ 105 in a patient that had a previous history of controlled hypertension before 20 weeks of pregnancy. AND
    • New onset of any of the following:

      • proteinuria defined as ≥0.3 g protein per 24 hours in a 12-24 hour urine collection or protein/creatinine ratio of ≥0.3 mg/mg (on a random sample or any collection period)
      • Platelet count less than 100,000/μL
      • Serum creatinine concentrations greater than 1.1 mg/dL in the absence of other renal disease
      • Elevated liver transaminases to ≥ twice upper limit of normal
      • Cerebral or visual symptoms
  4. In the opinion of the investigator the patient has demonstrated sufficient clinical stability to be eligible for expectant management
  5. The patient is expected to be managed as an inpatient until delivery
  6. Signed informed consent for both subject and neonate

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Criteria that would likely require immediate delivery of the fetus are exclusionary if present just prior to randomization:

    • Refractory hypertension despite maximal medical intervention of systolic BP ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic BP of ≥110 mm Hg
    • Thrombocytopenia (platelets ˂ 100/mm3) with or without Hemolysis elevated liver enzymes low platelets (HELLP) syndrome defined as defined as Aspartate amino transferase (AST) ≥70 units/L, and platelets ˂100/mm3, and evidence of hemolysis on blood film plus either Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) ≥600 IU/mL or total bilirubin ≥1.2 mg/dL)
    • Oliguria (≤500 mL/24 hours) or evidence of progressive renal insufficiency
    • Serum creatinine concentration greater than 1.1 mg/dL
    • Persistent visual disturbances
    • Placental abruption
    • Pulmonary edema
    • Nonreassuring fetal heart rate tracing
    • Intractable headache unrelieved with analgesia
    • Intractable right upper quadrant abdominal pain or vomiting
    • If umbilical Doppler ultrasound has been performed, the presence of an abnormal umbilical artery Doppler as defined by absent or reverse end diastolic flow
    • Biophysical score ≤ 4/10 on 2 occasions
    • Oligohydramnios (deepest vertical pocket less than 2 x 2cm on ultrasound)
    • Other maternal or fetal conditions that would preclude expectant management
  2. Known lethal or major fetal anomaly
  3. Recent (within 12 months) history of maternal alcoholism or drug dependence
  4. Diagnosis of epilepsy
  5. Has need for chronic therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including selective cyclooxygenase (Cox)-2 inhibitors, or unwilling to abstain from use of NSAIDs during the study treatment period (low dose aspirin of 81 mg/day or less allowable)
  6. Received within 72 hours or has requirement for heparin; low molecular weight heparins such as enoxaparin or dalteparin; fondaparinux; antiplatelet agents such as clopidogrel, prasugrel, or high dose aspirin (>81 mg/day); Direct Thrombin Inhibitors (DTI) such as dabigatran
  7. Pre-existing renal disease, documented pre-pregnancy or in pregnancy prior to 20 weeks gestation (prior to the diagnosis of preeclampsia) or 24 hr urine of ≥0.3 gm/24 hours, documented in pregnancy, prior to 20 weeks gestation or ≥2+ dipstick or ≥ 0.3 Protein Creatinine Ratio (PCR), documented in pregnancy at the last available test prior to 20 weeks gestation. In the case of conflicting results between dipstick, PCR, and timed urine collection tests to work up an episode of proteinuria, the timed urine collection result would supersede other results
  8. Multi-fetal pregnancy
  9. History of Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
  10. Known hypersensitivity to goat and goat milk proteins
  11. Participation in another interventional clinical trial of an investigational, unapproved therapy (drug, biologic, device) within 30 days of consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02059135

Hide Hide 23 study locations
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United States, Alabama
University of Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35210
University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama, United States, 36604
United States, Arkansas
University of Arkansas
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72204
United States, California
University of California at Irvine
Orange, California, United States, 92868
United States, Connecticut
Yale New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06519
United States, Florida
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33606
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Kentucky
Norton Healthcare
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202
United States, Louisiana
Oschner Baptist
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Michigan
Saint John Hospital and Medical Center
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48236
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 32916
United States, Missouri
Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63117
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, North Carolina
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
United States, Ohio
Tri-State Maternal Fetal Health
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45211
United States, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Rhode Island
Women & Infants Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02905
United States, Tennessee
Erlanger Medical Center
Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States, 347403
United States, Texas
University Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555
University of Texas Houston School of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
Intermountain Health
Murray, Utah, United States, 84107
University of Utah Hospitals & Clinics
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
Sponsors and Collaborators
rEVO Biologics
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Principal Investigator: Michael Paidas, MD Yale New Haven Hospital
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: rEVO Biologics Identifier: NCT02059135    
Other Study ID Numbers: RB AT PPE 01-13
First Posted: February 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 9, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by rEVO Biologics:
Preterm preeclampsia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pregnancy Complications
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
Antithrombin III
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action