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Interprofessional Rehabilitation for Adults With Chronic Non-specific Low Back Pain (PASTOR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02056951
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 6, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Deutsche Rentenversicherung
University of Wuerzburg
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. Dr. Klaus Pfeifer, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg

Brief Summary:
The primary aim of the study is to analyse the long-term effectiveness of an interprofessional and interdisciplinary rehabilitation program named "PASTOR", with a biopsychosocial approach for participants with chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP) compared to the standard inpatient multidisciplinary orthopaedic rehabilitation (MOR) in Germany. The investigators hypothesize that in adults with CLBP the rehabilitation program PASTOR would result in a significantly higher increase in functional ability 12 months after completion of the program in comparison to the standard inpatient MOR. The investigators further hypothesize that PASTOR would lead to significantly larger improvements regarding pain-related cognitions, pain coping strategies, physical activity, health-related quality of life, and back pain episodes compared to the standard inpatient MOR.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Low Back Pain Procedure: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation Procedure: Interprofessional rehabilitation Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 536 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Interprofessional Biopsychosocial Rehabilitation to Optimize Inpatient Multidisciplinary Orthopedic Rehabilitation for Chronic Low Back Pain
Study Start Date : January 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation
The central objective of inpatient multidisciplinary orthopedic rehabilitation (MOR) is to improve functional health with the main focus on restoring and improving work ability. A MOR lasts on average 23 days with a total extent of therapy of 48 hours on average. MOR is provided by a multiprofessional team consisting of physicians, psychologists, sport therapists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, masseurs, social workers, dieticians and nurses. The interventions are carried out mainly in open groups.
Procedure: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation

Multidisciplinary rehabilitation includes interventions from the physical and psychological dimensions:

  • health education
  • exercise therapy
  • back school
  • physical treatments
  • psychological interventions in groups and individual counselling
  • rehabilitation/social counselling.

Experimental: Interprofessional rehabilitation
The central objective of the interprofessional rehabilitation (PASTOR) is the development of active self-management of chronic non-specific low back pain. PASTOR is matched to the MOR with respect to the total duration and total extent of therapy, the included professions and the interventions dimensions (physical, psychological). The differences between PASTOR and MOR are characterized by, a) an integrative combination of profession related modules within a comprehensive and consistent treatment approach, b) an interprofessional and collaborative teamwork based on profession related modules, c) the use of standardized methods, media and materials by all professions in the therapeutic team d) a highly structured and detailed manual for the entire treatment process. The interventions are carried in fixed groups with eight to twelve participants.
Procedure: Interprofessional rehabilitation

Interprofessional rehabilitation includes also interventions from the physical and psychological dimensions:

  • education about low back pain
  • behavioural exercise therapy
  • coping with pain
  • relaxation
  • work related informations




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire (FFbH-R) at 12 months [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]

    The FFbH-R consists of twelve items with a three-stage answering scale (2=yes; 1=yes, but with difficulty; 0=no, or only with assistance). The summary score describes the low back pain associated functional ability in activities of daily living (e.g. "Can you wash and dry yourself from head to toe?") in adults on a scale of 0% (minimum functional ability) to 100% (maximum functional ability).

    Kohlmann Th & Raspe H (1996). Der Funktionsfragebogen Hannover zur alltagsnahen Diagnostik der Funktionsbeeinträchtigung durch Rückenschmerzen (FFbH-R). Die Rehabilitation, 34, I-VIII.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Health-related Quality of Life (SF-12) [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]

    To assess mental and physical health status during the past four weeks.

    Bullinger M & Kirchberger I (1998). SF-36, Fragebogen zum Gesundheitszustand. Göttingen: Hogrefe.


  2. Numerical rating scale (NRS) [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]

    Three items to assess the pain intensity reported by participants at the moment, as well as during the last six months (mean and maximum pain).

    Nagel B, Gerbershagen HU, Lindena G & Pfingsten M (2002). Entwicklung und empirische Überprüfung des Deutschen Schmerzfragebogens der DGSS. Schmerz, 16 (4), 263-270.


  3. Freiburg Questionnaire of physical activity (FFkA) [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]

    The FQPA measures the amount of physical activity in different contexts performed by the participants: occupational setting (rating: intensive movement, moderate movement, mostly sitting) as well as leisure time physical activity (e.g. gardening, stair-climbing, habitual walking and cycling, sports). It consists of eight items.

    Frey I, Berg A, Grathwohl D & Keul J (1999). Freiburger Fragebogen zur körperlichen Aktivität - Entwicklung, Prüfung und Anwendung. Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, 44, 55-64.


  4. Pain Management Questionnaire (FESV) [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]

    Questionnaire to assess cognitive and behavioral pain coping strategies.

    Geissner E (2001). Fragebogen zur Erfassung der Schmerzverarbeitung (FESV). Manual. Göttingen: Hogrefe.


  5. Avoidance-Endurance Questionnaire (AEQ) [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]

    Questionnaire to assess fear-avoidance response pattern and avoidance-endurance response pattern to pain.

    Hasenbring MI, Hallner D & Rusu AC (2009). Fear-avoidance- and endurance-related responses to pain: development and validation of the Avoidance-Endurance Questionnaire (AEQ). Eur J Pain, 13 (6), 620-628.


  6. Change from Baseline in Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire (FFbH-R) at 3 weeks [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks ]

    The FFbH-R consists of twelve items with a three-stage answering scale (2=yes; 1=yes, but with difficulty; 0=no, or only with assistance). The summary score describes the low back pain associated functional ability in activities of daily living (e.g. "Can you wash and dry yourself from head to toe?") in adults on a scale of 0% (minimum functional ability) to 100% (maximum functional ability).

    Kohlmann Th & Raspe H (1996). Der Funktionsfragebogen Hannover zur alltagsnahen Diagnostik der Funktionsbeeinträchtigung durch Rückenschmerzen (FFbH-R). Die Rehabilitation, 34, I-VIII.



Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]

    A 17-item self report checklist using a 4-point Likert scale to assess fear of movement/ re-injury.

    Vlaeyen JWS, Kole-Snijders AMJ, Boeren RGB, & Van Eek H (1995). Fear of movement/(re) injury in chronic low back pain and its relation to behavioral performance. Pain, 62(3), 363-372.

    Nigbur K, Rusu A, Hallner D & Hasenbring M (2009). Fear of movement/(re)injury in chronic pain: Preliminary validation of a German version of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia. Poster presented at Pain in Europe - 6th Congress of the European Federation of IASP® Chapters (EFIC), Lisbon 2009.


  2. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]
    Löwe B, Spitzer RL, Zipfel S & Herzog W (2002). Gesundheitsfragebogen für Patienten (PHQ-D). Manual und Testunterlagen (2. Aufl.). Karlsruhe: Pfizer.

  3. Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]
    Meyer K, Sprott H & Mannion AF (2008). Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of the German version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale. J Psychosom Res, 64 (5), 469-478.

  4. Self-control inventory (SSI-L) [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]
    Fröhlich S & Kuhl J (2003). Das Selbststeuerungsinventar: Dekomponierung volitionaler Funktionen. In: J. Stiensmeier-Pelster & F. Rheinberg (Hrsg.), Diagnostik von Motivation und Selbstkonzept (S. 221-258). Göttingen [u.a.]: Hogrefe.

  5. HAPA variables [ Time Frame: baseline, three weeks, one year ]

    HAPA variables include sets of items about the risk perception, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, intention, action and coping planning, and action control regarding physical activity.

    Sniehotta FF, Scholz U & Schwarzer R (2005). Bridging the intention-behaviour gap: Planning, self-efficacy, and action control in the adoption and maintenance of physical exercise. Psychol Health, 20 (2), 143-160.

    Sniehotta FF, Schwarzer R, Scholz U & Schüz B. (2005). Action planning and coping planning for long-term lifestyle change: Theory and assessment. Eur J Soc Psychol (35), 565-576.


  6. Stage of behavior change [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]

    Stage assessment of behaviour change contains the question: Have you performed moderate physical for 30 minutes or longer on a minimum of 3 days per week? (rating: No, and I don't intend to do so - No, but I am currently thinking about that - No, but I strongly intend to do so - Yes, but it is difficult to me - Yes and it is easy to me), and a validation item ("Since when are you regularly active as you are now?")

    Lippke S, Ziegelmann J, Schwarzer R & Velicer W (2009). Validity of stage assessment in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. Health Psychology (28), 183-193.


  7. Graded Chronic Pain Status (GCPS) [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]

    Six items to assess the number of days with pain during the last six months, the history of pain and the functional disability due to pain (adapted for 6 months).

    Korff M von, Ormel J, Keefe FJ & Dworkin SF (1992). Grading the severity of chronic pain. Pain, 50 (2), 133-149.


  8. Time off work for back pain [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]
    Self-reported day of sick leave due to low back pain during the last six month

  9. Health care utilization due to low back pain [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]
    Self-reported health care utilization due to low back pain during the last six months

  10. Job satisfaction [ Time Frame: baseline, one year ]

    A 8-item self report checklist of the IRES using a 5-point Likert scale to assess job satisfaction (ranging from 1="complete agreement" to 5="complete disagreement".

    Bührlen B, Gerdes N & Jäckel WH (2005). Entwicklung und psychometrische Testung eines Patientenfragebogens für die medizinische Rehabilitation (IRES-3). Rehabilitation, 44, 63-74.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • M51.2 Other specified intervertebral disc displacement
  • M51.3 Other specified intervertebral disc degeneration
  • M51.4 Schmorl's nodes
  • M51.8 Other specified intervertebral disc disorders
  • M51.9 Intervertebral disc disorder, unspecified
  • M53.8 Other specified dorsopathies
  • M53.9 dorsopathy, unspecified
  • M54.4 Lumbago with sciatica
  • M54.5 Low back pain
  • M54.6 Pain in thoracic spine
  • M54.8 Other dorsalgia
  • M54.9 Dorsalgia, unspecified

Exclusion Criteria:

  • age below 18 years or over 65 years
  • specific underlying diagnosis of back pain (e. g. radicular symptoms, myelopathy)
  • considerably reduced health status (e.g. comorbidity)
  • considerably reduced sight and hearing (not corrected)
  • severe psychiatric condition as secondary diagnosis
  • inability to speak German
  • current application for early retirement or invalidity pension (§51 SG V - german law)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02056951


Locations
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Germany
Frankenklinik
Bad Kissingen, Bavaria, Germany, 97688
Klinik Franken, Reha-Zentrum Bad Steben
Bad Steben, Bavaria, Germany, 95138
Asklepios Klinik Schaufling
Schaufling, Bavaria, Germany, 94571
University of Würzburg, Department of Medical Psychology, Medical Sociology, and Rehabilitation Sciences
Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany, 97070
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
Deutsche Rentenversicherung
University of Wuerzburg
Investigators
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Study Chair: Klaus Pfeifer, Prof. Dr. Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institute of Sport Science and Sport
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. Klaus Pfeifer, Prof. Dr., University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02056951    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0421-FSCP-0529
First Posted: February 6, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 9, 2015
Last Verified: September 2015
Keywords provided by Prof. Dr. Klaus Pfeifer, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg:
Rehabilitation
Treatment Outcome
Interprofessional Relations
Interdisciplinary Communication
Behavioural Exercise Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Health Education
Workplace related information
Multicenter Study
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations