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Orteronel as Monotherapy in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) That Expresses the Androgen Receptor (AR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01990209
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 21, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2020
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC

Brief Summary:
The androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in 70-90 percent of primary breast tumors and in 75 percent of breast metastases. There is evidence to suggest that Androgen Receptor (AR) may be a target in patients with advanced breast cancer. Breast cancer patients whose tumors do not express the ER, PR or HER2 (triple negative) have very few options for treatment. Orteronel is being developed as an endocrine therapy for relevant hormone-sensitive cancers such as prostrate cancer and breast cancer. Triple-negative metastatic breast cancer patients with AR expression could potentially benefit from anti-androgen therapy like orteronel.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer Drug: Orteronel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This open-label multicenter study will be conducted in 2 stages.

  • Lead-in Phase: The first 6 patients treated will be evaluated to confirm the safety and feasibility of this regimen. After all 6 patients complete at least 4 weeks of treatment, and if no prohibitive toxicities are identified, continuous study treatment will begin.
  • Continuous Study Treatment: Patients will continue to be enrolled into both cohorts based on their tumor specificities with a total of 31 patients in Cohort 1 (ER-/PR-/HER2-/AR+) and 55 patients in Cohort 2 (ER+ and/or PR+/AR+).

Patients will be evaluated every eight weeks for response to treatment. All patients who respond to treatment (complete response [CR] or partial response [PR]) or have stable disease (SD) will continue to receive orteronel until they develop progressive disease (PD) or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 71 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study With Orteronel as Monotherapy in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC) That Expresses the Androgen Receptor (AR)
Study Start Date : March 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Orteronel
The planned dose of orteronel is 300mg orally (PO) twice daily (BID), for a total daily dose of 600mg.
Drug: Orteronel
Other Name: Tak-700

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate (RR) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Defined as the percentage of complete and partial responders (CR+PR) assessed by RECIST v1.1 criteria.

  2. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Defined as the percentage of patients who do not exhibit progression (CR+PR+SD) among those patients who are evaluable for response at 6 months.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of safety based on frequency of Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: weekly for 4 weeks then every 8 weeks until end of study treatment, estimated 36 months. ]
    Assessment of safety will be based on frequency and severity of AEs as determined by the investigator and assessed by NCI CTCAE, Version 4.0.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks during treatment then every 6 months for 2 years, annually thereafter up to 5 years. ]
    Measured from date of first protocol treatment until date of objective disease progression or date of death is documented.

  3. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: After disease progression is documented, survival will be monitored every 6 months for 2 years and annually thereafter up to 5 years. ]
    Measured from date of first protocol treatment until documented date of death.

  4. Measurement of changes in serum hormone levels [ Time Frame: At baseline, Day 1 of Cycles 2 and 4, and at end of treatment visit ]
    Blood samples to test for serum estradiol levels, total and free testosterone levels, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), and cortisol.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Loss of Expression of PTEN and mutations in PIK3CA gene [ Time Frame: At pre-screening ]
    Archived tumor tissue will be assayed for the following biomarkers: loss of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PIK3CA) mutation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care
  2. Patients must have MBC that is measurable or evaluable as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 criteria. Patients with metastases limited to the bones are eligible.
  3. Patients with breast tumors that are AR+ (≥10% staining by immunohisto-chemistry). Archived tumor tissue from a primary biopsy or metastatic lesion for centralized determination of AR expression is mandatory. If tissue is limited, the additional correlative testing is optional. If tissue is not available, a patient will not be eligible for enrollment into the study. Patients may enroll based on local laboratory AR assessment, but will need to submit tissue for confirmation at the central laboratory.
  4. In addition to having AR+ tumors, patients must fit into 1 of the 2 following categories:

    • Triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) (Note: This group of patients must have received at least 1 and up to 3 prior chemotherapy regimens in the advanced setting.)
    • ER+ and/or PR+ (Note: This group of patients must have received at least 1 and up to 3 prior hormonal therapies and at least one prior chemotherapy treatment in the advanced setting. HER2+ patients in this group must have received a minimum of 2 lines of HER2-directed therapy in the advanced setting.) This group of patients may be pre-menopausal with ovarian suppression or post-menopausal. LHRH agonists maybe used to render ovarian suppression with post-menopausal ranges of estradiol or FSH per institutional guidelines.
  5. Female or male patients ≥18 years-of-age
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2
  7. Patient has recovered (to Grade ≤1) from all clinically significant toxicities related to prior antineoplastic therapies (with the exception of alopecia)
  8. Adequate hematological function, defined as:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.25 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥75 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
  9. Adequate liver function, defined as:

    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN), if no liver involvement or ≤5 x ULN with liver involvement
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) (in patients with known Gilbert Syndrome, a total bilirubin ≤3.0 x ULN, with direct bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN)
  10. Adequate renal function, defined as:

    • Creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault method
  11. Screening calculated LVEF of ≥50% by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple-gated acquisition (MUGA) scan
  12. Ability to swallow and retain oral medication
  13. Male patients (even those post vasectomy) who are willing to use adequate contraceptive measures or abstain from heterosexual intercourse during the entire study treatment period and for 4 months after the last dose of study drug
  14. Female patients who are not of child-bearing potential and female patients of child-bearing potential who agree to use adequate contraceptive measures or abstain from heterosexual intercourse during the entire study treatment period and for 4 months after the last dose of study drug, who are not breastfeeding, and who have had a negative serum/urine pregnancy test ≤7 days prior to dosing
  15. Life expectancy of ≥3 months
  16. Willingness and ability to understand the nature of this study and to comply with the study and follow-up procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known hypersensitivity to orteronel or to orteronel excipients, which are listed by formulation in the Investigator Brochure
  2. Patients receiving other treatment for breast cancer (includes standard hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy). Patients receiving chronic bisphosphonate or denosumab therapy are eligible.
  3. Female patients who are both lactating and breastfeeding or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period.
  4. Prior anti-androgen therapy
  5. Use of an investigational drug ≤21 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of orteronel, or concurrent treatment. For investigational drugs for which 5 half-lives is less than 21 days, a minimum of 10 days between termination of the investigational drug and administration of orteronel is required.
  6. Active brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease. Previously treated brain metastases are allowed provided lesions are stable for at least 3 months as documented by head CT scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Patients must be off steroids, but anti-convulsants are allowed.
  7. Patients with known adrenal insufficiency, or patients receiving treatment with ketoconazole, abiraterone, or aminoglutethimide.
  8. Wide field radiotherapy (including therapeutic radioisotopes such as strontium 89) administered ≤28 days or limited field radiation for palliation ≤7 days prior to starting study drug or has not recovered from side effects of such therapy.
  9. Major surgical procedures ≤28 days of beginning study treatment or minor surgical procedures ≤7 days. No waiting is required following port-a-cath placement.
  10. Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of oral therapy (eg, ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea ≥ Grade 2, and malabsorption syndrome).
  11. History of myocardial infarction, unstable symptomatic ischemic heart disease, ongoing arrhythmias > Grade 2 (National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE], Version 4.0), thromboembolic events (eg, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or symptomatic cerebrovascular events), or any other cardiac condition (eg, pericardial effusion restrictive cardiomyopathy) within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug. Chronic stable atrial fibrillation on stable anticoagulant therapy is allowed.
  12. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure
  13. Electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities of Q-wave infarction, unless identified 6 or more months prior to screening or QTc Fridericia (F) interval >460 msec
  14. Inadequately controlled hypertension (ie, systolic blood pressure [SBP] >160 mmHg or diastolic BP [DBP] >90 mmHg) at 2 separate measurements no more than 60 minutes apart during the Screening visit. Note: patients may be rescreened after adjustment of antihypertensive medications.
  15. Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus, active chronic hepatitis B, or C, life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer, or any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with participation in this study
  16. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Patients with Type II diabetes are eligible if they require only oral hypoglycemic agents and fasting blood glucose level is ≤120. Patients with Type I diabetes are eligible if their glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) is ≤7.
  17. Diagnosis or treatment for another malignancy within 2 years of enrollment, with the exception of adequately treated in-situ carcinoma of the cervix, uteri, basal or squamous cell carcinoma or non-melanomatous skin cancer
  18. Inability or unwillingness (including psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions) to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures as outlined in the protocol.
  19. Use of a prohibited concomitant medication that cannot be safely discontinued or substituted.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01990209

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United States, Connecticut
Yale School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520
United States, Georgia
Northeast Georgia Medical Center
Gainesville, Georgia, United States, 30501
United States, Indiana
Hope Cancer Center
Terre Haute, Indiana, United States, 47802
United States, Kentucky
Baptist Hospital East
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40207
United States, Maryland
Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20817
United States, Michigan
Cancer Research Consortium of West Michigan
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States, 49503
United States, Oklahoma
Cancer Centers of SW Oklahoma
Lawton, Oklahoma, United States, 73505
United States, Tennessee
Tennessee Oncology PLLC
Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States, 37404
Tennessee Oncology PLLC
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
United States, Texas
Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders
Fort Worth, Texas, United States, 76104
Sponsors and Collaborators
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Study Chair: Howard A Burris, III, MD SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
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Responsible Party: SCRI Development Innovations, LLC Identifier: NCT01990209    
Other Study ID Numbers: SCRI BRE 203
First Posted: November 21, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Keywords provided by SCRI Development Innovations, LLC:
triple-negative breast cancer
metastatic breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases