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Comparative Ergonomic Analysis of Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01903577
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : July 19, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Intuitive Surgical
Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons
Southern Illinois University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:

Robotic surgery holds the potential to overcome many of the ergonomic challenges posed by laparoscopic surgery. In this study, we propose to quantify this potential ergonomic benefit by measuring electromyography (EMG) and instrument motion analysis of subjects performing surgical tasks using robotic assistance versus standard laparoscopic instrumentation.

Hypothesis: We hypothesize that surgeons will experience significant, measurable ergonomic advantages when performing tasks using robotic surgery when compared to conventional laparoscopic tools.

Study design: Subjects for the study will include three groups of varying degrees of training - (1) novice laparoscopists/novice roboticists, (2) expert laparoscopists/novice roboticists, and (3) expert laparoscopsts/expert roboticists. Subjects will perform the following tasks (chosen based on their reliability and validity in previous studies). Each task will be performed with standard laparoscopic instrumentation and with the da Vinci Surgical System.

  • Inanimate (dry lab): Fundamentals of Laparoscopic (FLS) peg transfer, pattern cutting, intracorporeal suturing.
  • Animate (porcine lab): laparoscopic bowel resection and anastomosis, robotic bowel resection and anastomosis.
  • Human (clinical case): any laparoscopic or robotic procedure (preferably laparoscopic bowel resection and anastomosis, robotic bowel resection and anastomosis).

Outcome measures:

  • Time to completion of tasks
  • EMG: peak amplitudes, % maximum voluntary contraction and frequency analysis
  • NASA Task Load Index scores
  • Subject-Reported Qualitative Data from surveys
  • Quality analysis of tasks (e.g., pattern cutting accuracy, % knots tied securely) for dry lab and animate lab tasks only)
  • Instrument motion analysis of tasks (for dry lab and animate lab tasks only)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ergonomics Other: Robotic Task Performance Other: Laparoscopic Task Performance Not Applicable

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Detailed Description:

Under an IRB-approved protocol, medical students, residents, fellows, and attending surgeons of the Department of Surgery and the Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology of Washington University School of Medicine who respond to the email or mailed letter invitation for recruitment will be screened by the Principal Investigator or one of the approved study members listed on the IRB protocol for inclusion and exclusion criteria using the following 5 screening questions:

  1. What is your date of birth?
  2. Are you a medical student, a resident, a fellow, or an attending surgeon in general surgery, urology, or obstetrics-gynecology?
  3. Approximately how many laparoscopic surgeries have you performed as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon during your career?
  4. Approximately how many robotic surgeries have you performed as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon during your career?
  5. Do you have any known severe skin sensitivities or allergies to adhesives?

Those subjects who meet the inclusion criteria yet who are not disqualified by the exclusion criteria will be prospectively enrolled by an informed consent process into one of the three experimental groups of the study, defined by the subject's degrees of expertise in Minimally Invasive Surgery:

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age> 18 years
  2. medical student, resident, fellow, or attending in Surgery, Urology, or Obstetrics-Gynecology at Washington University School of Medicine
  3. Inclusion in Novice Laparoscopist/Novice Roboticist Group: performance of <100 laparoscopic cases and <50 robotic cases as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon during one's career
  4. Inclusion in Expert Laparoscopist/Novice Roboticist Group: performance of = or >100 laparoscopic cases and <50 robotic cases as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon during one's career
  5. Inclusion in Expert Laparoscopist/Expert Roboticist Group: performance of = or >100 laparoscopic cases and = or >50 robotic cases as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon during one's career

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. age <18 years
  2. known severe skin sensitivities or allergies to adhesives

Screening, recruitment, and informed consent processes may be conducted by the Principal Investigator or any of the approved study members listed on the IRB protocol. To eliminate any potential for conflict of interest, recruitment and consent of medical students and residents for this study will be performed by a study investigator who does not have a supervisory role to medical students and residents, and not the Principal Investigator. To ensure that each subject is adequately informed of the study, the informed consent process will include but not be limited to discussion of the research procedures; anticipated frequency and types of participant interactions; length of the study period; potential risks and benefits to the participant; practices to protect the privacy and confidentiality of participants; the alternative to not participate in the clinical study; and means by which to ask questions, report concerns, or withdraw from the study at any time. Each subject will be informed that his decision to participate or not participate in the study does not in any way impact the health care decisions of his health care providers, or the clinical or academic performance evaluations of his evaluators. This information will also be included in the "Informed Consent Document" and the "Notice of Privacy Practices", and the content of these documents will be reviewed with each subject at the time of the informed consent discussion. Each subject will have the opportunity to review these documents at his leisure both before and after his decision to participate in the study, and each subject will receive at the time of the informed consent discussion a signed copy of the "Informed Consent Document" and the "Notice of Privacy Practices" to keep for his personal records. Each subject will be enrolled by informed consent discussion in a private environment to facilitate subject comfort in discussing details of the study and asking questions. During each subject enrollment attempt, the opportunity will be provided for the subject to meet individually with the approved study member listed on the IRB protocol to address private questions or concerns. Private environments may include a private office, a private conference room, or a private laboratory room. The subject will be able to discuss the study with family, friends, and/or others before deciding on participation. The subject will have until the end of the study enrollment period to consider study participation. Each subject who does not respond to the invitation to participate in the study at the time of the informed consent discussion will receive a copy of the "Informed Consent Document" and the "Notice of Privacy Practices" signed by the approved study member listed on the IRB protocol with whom informed consent was discussed, and a stamped envelope addressed to the Principal Investigator in the event that the subject wishes to consent to the study at a later time within the enrollment period. There will not be any follow-up contact regarding the study with subjects who do not wish to respond to the invitation to participate in the study. Capacity to consent for all subjects to be enrolled in the study will be determined by the approved study member listed on the IRB protocol conducting the informed consent. Capacity to consent will be assessed in a variety of ways such as explaining the study to the subject and then asking him to answer basic questions about the study procedures, risks and benefits, options for skipping questions, or how to withdraw from the study. The document entitled "Evaluation to Sign an Informed Consent" provided by the IRB may be a resource used to assist with this assessment. If at any time the approved study member listed on the IRB protocol has reason to believe that the subject is incompetent or incapacitated to make decisions for himself, the consent process will be aborted, and the subject will not be enrolled in the study.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Comparative Ergonomic Analysis of Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery
Study Start Date : September 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ergonomics

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Novice Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgeons

Students and surgical trainees with less than 100 laparoscopic and less than 50 robotic cases.

Will participate in Robotic Task Performance and Laparoscopic Task Performance

Other: Robotic Task Performance
Subjects will perform FLS tasks on the robotic platform while EMG data is being collected. Task performance and NASA task load index will be assessed. Experts in robotic surgery will also perform operative cases while EMG is being collected.

Other: Laparoscopic Task Performance
Subjects will perform FLS tasks on the laparoscopic platform while EMG data is being collected. Task performance and NASA task load index will be assessed. Experts in laparoscopic surgery will also perform operative cases while EMG is being collected.

Experimental: Expert Laparoscopists, Novice Roboticists

Surgeons with more than 100 laparoscopic cases, less than 50 robotic cases.

Will participate in Robotic Task Performance and Laparoscopic Task Performance

Other: Robotic Task Performance
Subjects will perform FLS tasks on the robotic platform while EMG data is being collected. Task performance and NASA task load index will be assessed. Experts in robotic surgery will also perform operative cases while EMG is being collected.

Other: Laparoscopic Task Performance
Subjects will perform FLS tasks on the laparoscopic platform while EMG data is being collected. Task performance and NASA task load index will be assessed. Experts in laparoscopic surgery will also perform operative cases while EMG is being collected.

Experimental: Expert robotic and laparoscopic surgeons

Surgeons with greater than 100 laparoscopic and greater than 50 robotic cases.

Will participate in Robotic Task Performance and Laparoscopic Task Performance

Other: Robotic Task Performance
Subjects will perform FLS tasks on the robotic platform while EMG data is being collected. Task performance and NASA task load index will be assessed. Experts in robotic surgery will also perform operative cases while EMG is being collected.

Other: Laparoscopic Task Performance
Subjects will perform FLS tasks on the laparoscopic platform while EMG data is being collected. Task performance and NASA task load index will be assessed. Experts in laparoscopic surgery will also perform operative cases while EMG is being collected.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. %MVC [ Time Frame: At the time of Robotic and Laparoscopic Task Performance ]
    EMG: % maximum voluntary contraction will be calculated during each task repetition and surgical task


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Completion time [ Time Frame: At the time of Robotic and Laparoscopic Task Performance ]
    Time to completion of tasks

  2. NASA Task Load Index [ Time Frame: At the time of Robotic and Laparoscopic Task Performance ]
    NASA Task Load Index scores in each of the six domains tested will be compared for laparoscopic and robotic surgical platforms

  3. Quality analysis of tasks [ Time Frame: At the time of Robotic and Laparoscopic Task Performance ]
    Quality analysis of tasks performed (pattern cutting accuracy, % knots tied securely) for dry lab tasks only



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

A) Novices Laparoscopists/Novice Roboticists

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age> 18 years
  2. medical student, resident, fellow, or attending in Surgery, Urology, or Obstetrics-Gynecology at Washington University School of Medicine
  3. performance of <100 laparoscopic cases and <50 robotic cases during one's career as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. age <18 years
  2. known severe skin sensitivities or allergies to adhesives

B) Expert Laparoscopists/Novice Roboticists

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age> 18 years
  2. resident, fellow, or attending in Surgery, Urology, or Obstetrics-Gynecology at Washington University School of Medicine
  3. performance of = or >100 laparoscopic cases during one's career and <50 robotic cases during one's career as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. age <18 years
  2. known severe skin sensitivities or allergies to adhesives

C) Expert Laparoscopists/Expert Roboticists

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age> 18 years
  2. resident, fellow, or attending in Surgery, Urology, or Obstetrics-Gynecology at Washington University School of Medicine
  3. performance of = or >100 laparoscopic cases and = or >50 robotic cases during one's career as primary surgeon or first assistant surgeon

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. age <18 years
  2. known severe skin sensitivities or allergies to adhesives

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01903577


Locations
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United States, Missouri
Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Intuitive Surgical
Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons
Southern Illinois University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael M Awad, MD, PhD Washington University School of Medicine

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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01903577     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Robotic Ergonomics-201101766
First Posted: July 19, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 21, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Keywords provided by Washington University School of Medicine:
Ergonomics
Robotic Surgery
Laparoscopic Surgery