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Trial record 21 of 441 for:    Methylphenidate

Exploring the Use of Transdermal Methylphenidate to Reduce Fall Risk in Patients With Dementia.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01825577
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Administrative Reasons)
First Posted : April 5, 2013
Results First Posted : August 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Louis University

Brief Summary:

Falls in the elderly are a very common and serious health problem with devastating consequences. Those with dementia are 5 times more likely to experience falls than older people without significant cognitive impairment. Despite a growing awareness and the use of available treatments, the number of falls and fall related injuries continue to increase. It is important to develop more effective treatments to help reduce the number of falls and prevent injury. The assessments used in this study determine fall risk which predicts the likelihood of falls in the future.

This study will evaluate the possible role of Methylphenidate, Ritalin, in preventing falls and improving symptoms of apathy, or indifference. Methylphenidate is FDA approved for the treatment of ADHD but is not currently approved by the FDA for preventing falls or improving apathy(lack of interest) in the elderly. The methylphenidate used in this study will be absorbed through the skin by wearing a small patch near the hip area.

The specific primary aim of this open label study is to determine if use of transdermal Methylphenidate (t-MPH) causes a reduction in fall risk in patients with dementia.

The hypotheses to be tested is that after receiving t-MPH for 4 weeks, subjects will show improvement in gait and mobility assessment scores when compared to gait and mobility scores at screening.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia Accidental Falls Apathy Drug: Transdermal Methylphenidate Phase 4

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Detailed Description:

This is an open label pilot study; consenting subjects with dementia and identified as a fall risk, who meet inclusion criteria will undergo 3 phases of involvement. Phase 1 is a 1 week period before initiating study drug. Phase 2 is a 2 week treatment period with 10mg of Transdermal Methylphenidate. Phase 3 is the final two week treatment period with 15mg of Transdermal Methylphenidate.

Measurements obtained at each phase will include:

Vital Signs (blood pressure and pulse rate) weight , Timed Get Up and Go Test (TUG) , Tinetti Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), Clinical Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-C) and the St. Louis University Mental Status Examination (SLUMS).

The primary endpoint is the change in TUG and POMA scores at end of phase 3 compared to beginning of phase 2

Falls are a cause of substantial morbidity and mortality in patients with dementia and occur at twice the rate of older adults without cognitive impairment. The consequences of falls in older adults with dementia are serious; fallers with cognitive problems are approximately five times as likely to be admitted to institutional care as people with cognitive problems who do not fall.[3] They are also at high risk of major fall-related injuries such as fractures and head injuries that increase mortality risk.

Walking requires paying attention to various environmental features and recovering from postural variations to avoid stumbles or falls. Consequently, deficits in attention and executive function are independently associated with risk of postural instability, impairment in activities of daily living, and fall risk.

Executive function refers to higher cognitive processes that allocate attention among tasks and a critical cognitive resource for normal walking. Lower scores on executive function measures are associated with both dementia and a higher fall risk. Although significant progress towards understanding the factors involved in falls has been made, the number of falls and fall related injuries continue to increase.

Changes in aging demographics are expected to dramatically increase the aging population and dementia prevalence, underscoring the importance of developing more effective fall prevention strategies.

Recent studies have shown that improving certain aspects of cognition, specifically attention and executive function, in older adults can improve mobility decline and risk of falls. Particularly in cognitively impaired individuals, this may be critical to reducing fall risk.

Why Methylphenidate?

Pharmacological properties of psychostimulants, such as methylphenidate (MPH), are known to increase executive function. Methylphenidate was chosen because of the studies demonstrating the safe use of MPH for treatment of depression and apathy in the cognitively impaired elderly and the well-studied effects of MPH on executive function and attention in children and adults with ADHD.

Also a small study published in April 2008 in J Am Geriatric Society, evaluated the use of methylphenidate in reducing fall risk among community living older adults. The study concluded that among study subjects receiving methylphenidate, significant improvement in mobility and gait assessments were observed as well as drug tolerability.

The basis for our study is to further explore the pharmacotherapeutic role of Transdermal-MPH in reducing fall risk in dementia patients.

Mobility and gait assessment performance is strongly correlated with fall risk. Therefore we will use subject's scores before, during and after medication administration to measure response and evaluate use as a fall prevention strategy.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Exploring the Use of Transdermal Methylphenidate to Reduce Fall Risk in Patients With Dementia.
Study Start Date : November 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Transdermal Methylphenidate
2 Weeks of once daily 10mg Transdermal Methylphenidate followed by 2 weeks of once daily 15mg Transdermal Methylphenidate. Patch will be worn for approximately 7-10hrs each day.
Drug: Transdermal Methylphenidate
2 Weeks of once daily 10mg Transdermal Methylphenidate followed by 2 weeks of once daily 15mg Transdermal Methylphenidate. Patch will be worn for approximately 7-10hrs each day.
Other Name: Daytrana




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Timed Get Up and Go Test - Measure of Mobility [ Time Frame: Baseline and Post-test at 4 weeks ]
    Timed Get Up and Go Test (TUG), is used to evaluate the ability to walk by measuring the time it takes to rise from a chair, walk 10 feet, turn around, walk back to the chair, and sit down. The TUG test takes less than 5 minutes to complete. Scored as seconds required to complete the task.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. POMA -Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment - Measure of Gait and Balance. [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), used to measure subject's ability to maintain balance. The test takes 10-15 minutes and involves asking subject to stand from a sitting position, standing with eyes closed and sitting down. POMA total score has a range of 0-36 where higher scores represent better performance. POMA total score is an additive combination of the 12 point Gait sub-score and the 16 point balance sub-score. A cut-off score of <21 is generally considered a fall risk among elderly people.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 95 Years   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 65- 95 years of age
  2. Ability to ambulate (may use walking aid)
  3. Male or Female
  4. Clinical diagnosis of Dementia
  5. Identified as fall risk by nursing staff

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinically significant musculoskeletal, cardiovascular or respiratory diseases.
  2. Clinically significant vestibular disorder
  3. History of significant head trauma
  4. Any medically unstable condition, as determined by the PI that would expose patient to potential harm.
  5. Patients taking medications that may interact with MPH, as determined by manufacture's package insert.

    Including but not limited to: Warfarin, anticonvulsants, MAOIs, alpha2-agonists, tri-cyclic antidepressants.

  6. Legally Blind
  7. History of seizures,
  8. Poorly controlled hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia or cardiovascular disease, heart failure.
  9. Known or suspected allergy to MPH or similar compounds
  10. Glaucoma
  11. Motor tics
  12. History of significant agitation or anxiety
  13. Family history of Tourette's syndrome
  14. History of significant anxiety
  15. History of significant agitation
  16. History of significant tension.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01825577


Locations
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United States, Missouri
Delmar Gardens
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63017
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Louis University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: George T Grossberg, M.D. Saint Louis University School of Medicine Department of Neurology and Psychiatry
Principal Investigator: Ahmed A Baig, M.D. Saint Louis University School of Medicine Department of Neurology and Psychiatry

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Responsible Party: St. Louis University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01825577     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 23014
First Posted: April 5, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 19, 2016
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2018
Last Verified: August 2016
Keywords provided by St. Louis University:
Alzheimer Dementia
Gait
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Methylphenidate
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents