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Carfilzomib, Clarithromycin (Biaxin®), Lenalidomide (Revlimid®), and Dexamethasone (Decadron®) [Car-BiRD] Therapy for Subjects With Multiple Myeloma (CarBiRD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01559935
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 21, 2012
Results First Posted : March 22, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2019
Onyx Therapeutics, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an investigational new drug called carfilzomib, in combination with dexamethasone in subjects with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma followed by treatment with a combination of drugs clarithromycin (Biaxin®), lenalidomide (Revlimid®) and dexamethasone (Decadron®) [BiRD] then lenalidomide alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: carfilzomib Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Clarithromycin Drug: Lenalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

While new anti-myeloma therapies such as bortezomib and immunomodulatory drugs have been developed, multiple myeloma remains an incurable malignancy. Given that obtaining a complete remission (CR) with therapy will allow patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma to enjoy a higher quality of life and longer duration of freedom from disease symptoms, finding an optimally effective and well-tolerated regimen is imperative.

The robust overall response rate of 91% with the BiRD regimen for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma is encouraging and we believe that by adding carfilzomib the overall response rate and CR rate can be improved. As carfilzomib has proven efficacy in myeloma and in patient's who have relapsed on bortezomib, we anticipate that it will synergize with the previous BiRD regimen to induce greater reduction of tumor burden overall.

The primary endpoints include best response rate, toxicities, progression free survival, event free survival, and overall survival. In those patients who are eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation, we will also study the effect of carfilzomib on CD 34+ stem cell yield following mobilization.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 74 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Sequential Carfilzomib, Clarithromycin (Biaxin®), Lenalidomide (Revlimid®), and Dexamethasone (Decadron®) [Car-BiRD] Therapy for Subjects With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : March 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 7, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Car-BiRD Therapy
Carfilzomib, Clarithromycin (Biaxin®), Lenalidomide (Revlimid®), and Dexamethasone (Decadron®) [Car-BiRD]
Drug: carfilzomib
45 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of each 28 day cycles.

Drug: Dexamethasone
20 mg orally on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of a 28 day cycle, while receiving carfilzomib.
Other Name: DECADRON®

Drug: Clarithromycin
500 mg twice a day for each 28 day cycle of BiRD treatment. BiRD begins after carfilzomib treatment has been completed.
Other Name: Biaxin

Drug: Lenalidomide
25 mg orally days 1-21 for each 28 day cycle of BiRD treatment. BiRD begins after carfilzomib treatment has been completed.
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Dexamethasone
40 mg orally on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 of each 28 day cycle of BiRD treatment. BiRD begins after carfilzomib treatment has been completed.

Drug: Lenalidomide
10 mg orally on days 1-21 or each 28 day cycle of maintenance. Maintenance begins after BiRD treatment has been completed.
Other Name: Revlimid

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response to Car-BiRD Treatment. [ Time Frame: From baseline to best response, up to 116 weeks. ]

    The best response for all patients who had at least one dose of drug was measured.

    Response categories:

    Stringent Complete Response (sCR), Complete Remission(CR), Very Good Partial Remission(VGPR), Partial Remission (PR), Progressive Disease (PD), Stable Disease (SD).

    The response is evaluated based on the IMWG criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event Free Survival [ Time Frame: From date of study enrollment until the date of removal of study due to progression of disease, toxicity or withdrawal of consent, up to 1222 days. ]
    an event is defined by coming off protocol for any reason, including progression of disease, lack of disease response, regimen intolerability, withdrawal of consent or death.

  2. MRD Negativity Following CarBiRD Regimen [ Time Frame: From start of study up to Revlimid Maintenance Cycle 4. ]

    Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) was assessed for all participants as soon as they achieved CR/sCR, regardless of what phase they were on.

    MRD negativity is defined as the complete absence of plasma cells on bone marrow biopsy.

    MRD positivity is defined as the presence of residual plasma cells (<5%) on bone marrow biopsy.

    The IMWG criteria were used to determine CR and sCR.

  3. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: From start of study drug until first incidence of progression, up to 1222 days. ]
    Progression was defined using the IMWG criteria.

  4. Stem Cells Collection [ Time Frame: At the end of the Car Phase, prior to the start of the BiRD Phase, on average after 162 days. ]
    At the end of the Car Phase, all participants underwent stem cell collection.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must voluntarily sign and understand written informed consent.
  • Subject is ≥ 18 years at the time of signing the consent form.
  • Subject has histologically confirmed multiple myeloma that has never before been treated.
  • Subject had no anti-myeloma therapy within 14 days prior to initiation of study treatment except for corticosteroids with a maximum allowed dosage equivalent to three pulses of dexamethasone (40mg daily for 4 days equals one pulse). Patients may have received prior adjuvant antiresorptive therapy (i.e., pamidronate or zoledronic acid) as routine care, or radiation therapy as palliation for pain and/or spinal cord compression.
  • Subject has measurable disease as defined by > 0.5 g/dL serum monoclonal protein, > 10 mg/dL involved serum free light chain (either kappa or lambda) provided that the serum free light chain ratio is abnormal, > 0.2 g/24 hrs urinary M-protein excretion, and/or measurable plasmacytoma(s) of at least 1cm in greatest dimension as measured by either CT scanning or MRI.
  • Subject has a Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60% (> 50% if due to bony involvement of myeloma (see Appendix VI).
  • Subject is able to take prophylactic anticoagulation as detailed in section 9.1 (patients intolerant to aspirin may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin).
  • Subject is registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and is willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist® program.
  • If subject is a female of childbearing potential (FCBP),† she must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with females of child bearing potential even if they have had a successful vasectomy.
  • Subjects must meet the following laboratory parameters:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥750 cells/mm3 (1.0 x 109/L)
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 7 g/dL
    • Platelet count ≥ 30,000/mm3 (75 x 109/L)
    • Serum SGOT/AST < 3.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • Serum SGPT/ALT < 3.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine < 2.5 mg/dL (221 µmol/L)
    • Serum total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL (34 µmol/L)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has immeasurable MM (no measurable monoclonal protein, free light chains in blood or urine, or measureable plasmacytoma on radiologic scanning).
  • Subject has a prior history of other malignancies unless disease free for ≥ 5 years, except for basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast, or localized prostate cancer with Gleason score < 7 with stable prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.
  • Subject has had myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment , or NYHA(New York Hospital Association) Class III or IV heart failure, Ejection Fraction < 35%, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities.
  • Female subject who is pregnant or lactating.
  • Subject has known HIV infection
  • Subject has known active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.
  • Subject has active viral or bacterial infections or any coexisting medical problem that would significantly increase the risks of this treatment program.
  • Subject has known hypersensitivity to dexamethasone, clarithromycin, lenalidomide, thalidomide, allopurinol, or carfilzomib.
  • Subject has a history of thromboembolic event within the past 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Subject has any clinically significant medical or psychiatric disease or condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, may interfere with protocol adherence or a subject's ability to give informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01559935

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United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Onyx Therapeutics, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Adriana Rossi, M.D. Weill Medical College of Cornell University

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Responsible Party: Weill Medical College of Cornell University Identifier: NCT01559935    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1108011903
First Posted: March 21, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 22, 2017
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
Multiple Myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents