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A Phase II Study Of Imtox-25 In Adults With Refractory/Relapsed Cd25 Positive Adult T Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01378871
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 23, 2011
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amit Verma, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Brief Summary:
This clinical trial will be a multicenter phase II fixed-dose trial in which a minimum of 10 patients with immunophenotypically confirmed ATL with at least 50% of the blasts expressing CD25 as measured by flow cytometry at relapse, will receive Imtox-25. Patients are eligible for repeat courses of treatment every two weeks if they do not experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) as defined in Section 5.2 and do not have a HAMA/HARA level > 1 μg/ml. The treatment will be administered in the in-patient setting. If no response is observed among the initial 9 patients, the study would be terminated early and declared negative; if at least one response is observed, accrual would continue to a total of 17 evaluable patients (total study size=19 to account for 10% of the patients being unevaluable for any reason).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult T Cell Leukemia Adult T Cell Lymphoma Drug: IMTOX-25 Other: IMTOX-25 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Adult T Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma (ATL) is a lymphoproliferative disease associated with HTLV-1 infection, characterized by circulating malignant cells expressing the IL-2 receptor (CD25). Prognosis for patients with ATL remains poor despite advances in chemotherapy, with survival in leukemic patients ranging from six months to less than one year. Novel agents that are potent and specific for the tumor cells are urgently needed to improve overall survival and decrease toxicity in this dismal disease. One therapeutic approach would be to use immunotoxins (ITs). ITs utilize a potent toxin linked to a targeting moiety designed to maximize drug delivery to the tumor cells, thus avoiding the nonspecific toxicity of conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Imtox-25 is constructed using the RFT5 murine monoclonal antibody (Mab) coupled to deglycosylated ricin-A chain (dgA) via the heterobifunctional, thiol-containing crosslinker, 4[(succinimidyloxy) carbonyl]-ƒÑ-methyl-ƒÑ-(2 pyridyldithio) toluene (SMPT). Phase I and II clinical studies with Imtox-25 (RFT5.dGA) have been shown safety and efficacy in adult patients with Hodgkin¡¦s disease and a recommended Phase II dose has been established.. In vitro experiments using ATL cell lines and in vivo studies in a murine xenograft model have demonstrated significant activity of Imtox-25 in this disease. Based on these results, the investigators propose to conduct a phase II trial utilizing Imtox-25 in adults with relapsed or refractory ATL.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Therapy With IMTOX-25 in Adults With Refractory/Relapsed Cd25 Positive Adult T Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Study Start Date : September 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anitbody Therapy
Treatment with Imtox-25 intravenously over 4 hours every other day for 4 doses. Hospital admission is required during this treatment.
Drug: IMTOX-25
This agent is supplied as a sterile solution at 0.5 mg/ml. Thus a vial with 5 mls contains 2.5 mg IMTOX-25 15 mg/m²/cycle IV; The calculated total dose for the cycle will be divided by four and given on Days 1, 3, 5 and 7.
Other Name: RFT5-dgA

Other: IMTOX-25
Imtox-25 is an immunotoxin. It is an antibody that is bound to a piece of the poison ricin. This antibody have been shown to bind to leukemia cells and kill them because of the ricin.
Other Name: RFT5-dgA

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall response [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    To determine any anti-tumor activity of Imtox-25 in relapsed/refractory ATL patients within the confines of a Phase II study as defined by overall response

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity and Affect of Treatment [ Time Frame: 28 days + ]

    To determine the toxicity of Imtox-25 in ATL patients To measure levels of human anti-mouse (HAMA) and human anti-dgA (HARA) antibodies.

    To determine whether the expression of the CD25 cell surface antigens is affected by treatment with Imtox-25 using flow cytometric analysis of lymphoblasts in peripheral blood and bone marrow

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 17 years inclusive at the time of original diagnosis of HTLV-1 associated ATL.
  • Histologic verification of ATL and HTLV-1 sero-positivity at diagnosis and either evidence of relapse/refractory disease based on a Bone Marrow/Peripheral Blood examination or evidence by flow cytometry.
  • Disease refractory to conventional CHOP based therapy or transplantation or deemed ineligible for salvage by transplantation.
  • Presence of CD25 on at least 50% of the lymphoblasts obtained via BMA or peripheral blood as determined by flow cytometry.
  • ECOG performance status 2.
  • Life expectancy of > 2 months.
  • Patients must have recovered from effects of prior therapy. At least 2 weeks should have elapsed since the last dose of chemotherapy (4 weeks in the case of nitrosourea-containing therapy). Steroids are considered as chemotherapy. However, if the patient has recovered from the side effects of prior therapy and has had a > 50% rise in peripheral blast count, they are immediately eligible. The 50% rise in peripheral blast count must be calculated as follows. The sample for the baseline peripheral blast count must have been taken at least 24 hours after the end of chemotherapy. The sample for the peripheral blast count that is increased by 50% of the baseline peripheral blast count may be taken at any subsequent time. A second peripheral blast count confirming the 50% rise is recommended.
  • No hematopoietic limitations as patients with relapsed leukemia routinely have pancytopenia and ITs have not demonstrated hematopoietic toxicity.
  • Adequate renal function defined as a serum creatinine 1.5 x normal range.
  • Adequate liver function defined as a total bilirubin 1.5 x normal range and SGOT (AST) or SGPT (ALT) 1.5 x normal range.
  • Adequate cardiac function defined as a shortening fraction of 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of 35-40% by MUGA scan.
  • Adequate pulmonary function defined as no evidence of dyspnea at rest.
  • Normal neurological exam.
  • Patient and/or legal guardian must sign a written informed consent.
  • All institutional, FDA, and NCI requirements for human studies must be met.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of leukemic or infectious pulmonary parenchymal disease or presence of a pulmonary effusion by chest x-ray.
  • Presence of CNS involvement with leukemia.
  • History of documented seizure disorder or abnormal neurological examination.
  • Human anti-mouse (HAMA) levels of < 1 μg/ml.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01378871

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United States, New York
Albert Einstein Cancer Center at Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Albert Einstein Cancer Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Albert Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Albert Einstein Clinical Cancer Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Montefiore Medical Center-
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amit Verma
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Principal Investigator: Samir Parekh, MD Montefiore Medical Center


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Responsible Party: Amit Verma, Professor, Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Identifier: NCT01378871     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009-530
First Posted: June 23, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Keywords provided by Amit Verma, Albert Einstein College of Medicine:
T Cell
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, T-Cell
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, Lymphoid