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Trial record 54 of 807 for:    LENALIDOMIDE AND cells

Study of Lenalidomide to Evaluate Safety and Effectiveness in Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01197560
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 9, 2010
Results First Posted : August 20, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare lenalidomide to a control drug and see which one delays Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) disease progression longer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Oxaliplatin Drug: Rituximab Drug: Etoposide Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This research study is for patients who have been diagnosed with Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) that did not respond to (refractory) or that has come back after chemotherapy treatment (relapsed). Lymphoma is a cancer of a type of blood cell called lymphocytes. DLBCL is just one type of lymphoma. Within DLBCL there are two different subtypes called Germinal Center B-cell (GCB) and non-GCB which can be determined by cell surface marker tests or by gene expression tests. Scientists can look at cells and genes in the laboratory and see that the two kinds are different, but they don't know yet what the difference means. To patients and doctors these two kinds seem the same. Right now doctors don't usually do tests to find out which kind a patient has because the treatment is the same for both.

This study will have two stages, 1 and 2. The main purpose of Stage 1 is to separate patients by subtype and then test whether patients taking lenalidomide or any one of four other drugs have a better response. It is possible that lenalidomide will work better than one of the other drugs in zero, one, or both subtypes. Stage 2 will further test only the subtype(s) from Stage 1 that showed a good response to lenalidomide. The main purpose of Stage 2 is to test how long patients are disease free on lenalidomide compared to one of the four other drugs.

On 29 January 2013 the enrolment goal for the Stage 1 portion of the study was met and enrollment was stopped. The final analysis for Stage 1 was performed as of the 04 Jul 2013 data cutoff date. According to the Stage 1 results as assessed by the independent response adjudication committee (IRAC), neither subtype met the pre specified requirement to be further studied in Stage 2. Additionally, a suitable assay for the selection of participants for the Stage 2 study was not available. Therefore, on 6 January 2014, Celgene decided to not open Stage 2.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 111 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2/3, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-label Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Lenalidomide (Revlimid ®) Versus Investigator's Choice in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 2, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 4, 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : April 5, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg capsules by mouth on days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle. For patients with Creatinine Clearance ≥ 30 mL/min but < 60 mL/min, lenalidomide 10 mg (max escalation is 15 mg).
Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide 25 mg orally for 21/28 days until Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) progressive disease. For patients with Creatinine Clearance ≥ 30 mL/min but < 60 mL/min, lenalidomide 10 mg (max escalation is 15 mg).

Active Comparator: Investigators Choice

One of the following:

Gemcitabine, Oxaliplatin, Rituximab, or Etoposide

Drug: Gemcitabine
Suggested starting doses and regimens for Gemcitabine is 1,250 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV) administration on days 1, 8, 15 every 28 days for 6 Cycles or 1,000 mg/m^2 IV days 1 and 15 every 28 days for 6 Cycles

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Suggested starting dose and regimen for Oxaliplatin is 100 mg/m^2 IV day 1 for 21 days for 6 Cycles

Drug: Rituximab
Suggested starting dose for Rituximab is 375 mg/m^2 IV days 1, 8, 15, 22 during Cycle 1, and if stable disease at Week 12, also on Day 1 of Cycles 4, 6, 8, and 10 (CD20+ patients only)

Drug: Etoposide

Suggested starting doses for Etoposide are:

100 mg/m^2 IV days 1-5 every 28 days for 6 Cycles, or 100 mg/m^2 IV days 1-3 every 28 days for 6 Cycles, or 50 mg/m^2 oral days 1-21 every 28 days for 6 Cycles, or 50 mg/m^2 oral days 1-14 every 28 days for 6 Cycles, or 50 mg/m^2 oral days 1-10 every 28 days for 6 Cycles





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Stage 1: Percentage of Participants With an Overall Response According to the International Working Group (IWG) Response Criteria for Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), Cheson 1999 and Evaluated by the Independent Response Adjudication Committee (IRAC) [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the data cut-off of 4 July 2013; when all patients reached the scheduled 16-week assessment or had progressed/died before the scheduled 16-week assessment); the median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    An overall response is a complete response (CR), unconfirmed complete response (CRu) or partial response (PR) and was evaluated by the IRAC. A CR = complete disappearance of disease and related symptoms. Lymph nodes and nodal masses regressed on computed tomography to normal size (≤ 1.5 cm in their greatest transverse diameter for nodes > 1.5 cm prior to therapy and ≤ 1.0 cm in their short axis for nodes 1.1-1.5 cm in their long axis and > 1.0 cm in their short axis prior to therapy). Spleen and/or liver not palpable on exam, normal size by imaging, and absence of nodules related to lymphoma. If bone marrow was involved prior to therapy, infiltrate must have cleared on repeat biopsy. PR = ≥ 50% decrease in sum of the product of the diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses. No increase in other nodes, liver, or spleen. Splenic and hepatic nodules regressed by ≥ 50% in their SPD or for single nodules, in the greatest transverse diameter;no new disease.

  2. Stage 1: Percentage of Participants With an Overall Response According to the IWG Response Criteria Based on the Investigators Assessment at the Final Data Cut During the Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    Response was defined as having a CR, CRu or PR, based on IWG 1999 Response Criteria for NHL as evaluated by the investigators. CR = complete disappearance of disease and disease related symptoms. All lymph nodes and nodal masses regressed on computed tomography to normal size (≤ 1.5 cm in their greatest transverse diameter for nodes > 1.5 cm prior to therapy and ≤ 1.0 cm in their short axis for nodes 1.1-1.5 cm in their long axis and > 1.0 cm in their short axis prior to therapy). Spleen and/or liver not palpable on physical exam, normal size by imaging, and absence of nodules related to lymphoma. If BM was involved prior to therapy, infiltrate must have cleared on repeat biopsy. PR = ≥ 50% decrease in sum of the product of the diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses. No increase in the other nodes, liver, or spleen. Splenic and hepatic nodules regressed by ≥ 50% in their SPD or, for single nodules, in the greatest transverse diameter. No new disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Events (TEAEs) in the Overall Treatment Phase by Initial Treatment Assignment [ Time Frame: From first dose of study drug to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]

    A TEAE was defined as an AE that begins or worsens in intensity of frequency on or after the first dose of study drug through 28 days after last dose of study drug.

    A serious adverse event (SAE) is any:

    • Death;
    • Life-threatening event;
    • Any inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization;
    • Persistent or significant disability or incapacity;
    • Congenital anomaly or birth defect;
    • Any other important medical event The investigator determined the relationship of an AE to study drug based on the timing of the AE relative to drug administration and whether or not other drugs, therapeutic interventions, or underlying conditions could provide a sufficient explanation for the event. The severity of an AE was evaluated by the investigator according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) (Version 4.03) where Grade 1 = Mild, Grade 2 = Moderate, Grade 3 = Severe, Grade 4 = Life-threatening and Grade 5 = Death

  2. Stage 2: Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    ORR is defined as: Complete Response + Complete Response unconfirmed + Partial Response based on the International Lymphoma Workshop Response Criteria [IWRC] (Cheson 1999).

  3. Stage 2: Duration of Response (DoR) [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Length of time of overall response (Complete Response + Complete Response unconfirmed + Partial Response) based on the International Lymphoma Workshop Response Criteria [IWRC] (Cheson 1999).

  4. Stage 2: Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Overall survival was defined as time from randomization until death of any cause.

  5. Stage 2: Duration of Complete Response [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Length of time of complete response (Complete Response + Complete Response unconfirmed) based on the International Lymphoma Workshop Response Criteria [IWRC] (Cheson 1999).

  6. Stage 2: Overall Response Rate for With a Duration of Response Lasting ≥ 16 Weeks [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Complete Response + Complete Response unconfirmed + Partial Response for participants with a duration of response lasting ≥ 16 weeks based on the International Lymphoma Workshop Response Criteria [IWRC] (Cheson 1999).

  7. Stage 2: Time to Progression [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Length of time until disease progression occurs

  8. Stage 2: Health Related Quality of Life Questionnaires [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Quality of Life based on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and the EQ-5D assessments


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Stage 1: Percentage of Participants With a Durable Overall Response (dORR) According to the IWG Response Criteria as Assessed by the Investigators at the Final Data Cut During the Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    Durable overall response rate was defined as the percentage of participants who maintained a response for at least 16 weeks after initial response.

  2. Stage 1: Percentage of Participants With a Complete Response According to the IWG Response Criteria as Assessed by the Investigators at the Final Data Cut During the Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    A complete response was defined as participants with a complete response (CR), or unconfirmed complete response (CRu) based on IWG 1999 Response Criteria for NHL as assessed by the investigator. A CR is a complete disappearance of all disease with the exception of nodes. No new lesions. Previously enlarged organs must have regressed and not be palpable. Bone marrow must be negative if positive at baseline. Normalization of markers. CR Unconfirmed (CRu) does not qualify for CR above, due to a residual nodal mass or an indeterminate BM.

  3. Stage 1: Kaplan Meier Estimates of Duration of Overall Response (DoR) as Assessed by the Investigators at the Final Data Cut During the Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    Duration of overall response was calculated as the time of initial response (CR+CRu+PR) until documented disease progression determinted by computerized scan CT scan or MRI or death due to lymphoma, whichever occurred earlier, for participants who responded.

  4. Stage 1: Kaplan Meier Estimates of Duration of Complete Response (DoCR) as Assessed by the Investigators at the Final Data Cut During the Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    Duration of complete response was defined as the time from the first documented complete response (CR + CRu) until the first disease progression or death for participants who had a CR.

  5. Stage 1: Kaplan Meier Estimates of Progression-Free Survival As Assessed By The Investigators At The Final Data Cut During The Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    Progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented disease progression or death due to any cause.

  6. Stage 1: Kaplan Meier Estimates of Overall Survival As Assessed by the Investigators at the Final Data Cut During The Core Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the final data cut-off date of 18 May 2018; median study duration was 27.0 and 19.7 weeks, respectively. ]
    Overall survival was defined as time from randomization until death of any cause.

  7. Stage 2: Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 years ]
    Number of participants who survive without progressing based on the International Working Group Response Criteria [IWG].



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically proven Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL).
  • Relapsed or refractory to combination chemotherapy for DLBCL that contains rituximab and an anthracycline, and one additional combination chemotherapy or stem cell transplant.
  • Measurable DLBCL disease by computed tomograph (CT) / magnetic resonance imagining (MRI).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 - 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of lymphoma histologies other than DLBCL.
  • History of malignancies, other than DLBCL, unless the patient has been disease free for 3 years or more.
  • Eligible for autologous stem cell transplant.
  • Known seropositive for, or history of, active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  • Neuropathy grade 4.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01197560


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene
Investigators
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Study Director: Adrian Kilcoyne, MD Celgene Corporation

Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Celgene
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01197560     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CC-5013-DLC-001
First Posted: September 9, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 20, 2014
Last Update Posted: April 17, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Keywords provided by Celgene:
Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma
relapsed
refractory
relapsed/refractory
DLBCL
Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Lenalidomide
Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Gemcitabine
Rituximab
Oxaliplatin
Etoposide
Etoposide phosphate
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antirheumatic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents