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Trial record 1 of 864 for:    LENALIDOMIDE AND Angiogenesis
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Efficacy Study of Revlimid® and Low Dose Continuously Administered Melphalan to Treat High Risk MDS (REMMYDYS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00744536
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 1, 2008
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Rena Buckstein, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Brief Summary:
Angiogenesis increases in higher risk MDS patients and those with proliferative CMML. Angiogenesis is associated with increased risk of leukemic transformation and poorer prognoses. Low dose chemotherapy may have anti-angiogenic properties by targetting the genetically stable endothelial cells. Lenalidomide has been recently shown to be highly effective as monotherapy in low/low-intermediate risk MDS, particularly in the subgroup harboring a 5q- deletion. Lenalidomide has not been well studied in higher risk MDS although there are some reports of lenalidomide's efficacy in RAEB-T and AML. One potential mode of action of lenalidomide is inhibition of angiogenesis. The investigators hypothesize that by combining lenalidomide with low dose melphalan in higher risk MDS the investigators will more effectively block angiogenesis and achieve responses or hematologic improvement in MDS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndromes Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic Angiogenesis Drug: Lenalidomide and melphalan Phase 2

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Detailed Description:



1. Determine the overall response rates of low dose melphalan used in combination with lenalidomide in higher risk MDS


  1. Determine the frequency of hematologic improvement of low dose melphalan used in combination with lenalidomide in higher risk MDS·
  2. Determine the safety and tolerability of low dose melphalan used in combination with lenalidomide in higher risk MDS·
  3. Determine the effects of low dose melphalan used in combination with lenalidomide on biomarkers of angiogenesis in higher risk MDS·
  4. Determine the frequency of cytogenetic remissions of low dose melphalan used in combination with lenalidomide in higher risk MDS


This study is a single center, open-label, non-randomized Phase II study. Patients with higher risk MDS are included. This patient population will be defined by either high intermediate or high risk IPSS scores or proliferative CMML with symptomatic cytopenias or hypersplenism (IPSS score does not apply). If cytogenetics are unavailable, patients with transfusion dependent RAEB-1 will be eligible.

This is an open label, single center non-randomized Phase II study of melphalan 2 mg po and lenalidomide, 10 mg po daily on days 1 - 21 of a 28 day cycle in adult patients with higher risk MDS. Patients may continue to receive drug for a maximum of 12 months or until one of the following occur: death; disease progression (for definition, see appendix D); intercurrent illness that prevents further administration of treatment; unacceptable adverse event(s); patient decides to withdraw from the study; or if general or specific changes in the patient's condition make the patient unsuitable for further treatment, or if after 4 cycles the patient is not deriving clinical benefit from the treatment in the judgment of the investigator. After 12 months, responding patients may continue on oral lenalidomide alone daily (at the dose tolerated by the patient) for 21 days of a 28 day cycle until disease progression, toxicity or death.

Response to treatment and disease progression will be assessed by collecting and evaluating bone marrow aspirates within 10 days of the first dose of cycles 3 and 5 and every three cycles thereafter (every 12 weeks) until confirmation of a complete response. Once confirmed 1 month later, patients will not undergo bone marrow assessments until there is evidence of progression.

Blood tests will include weekly CBC with differential and platelet count, electrolytes, BUN and creatinine for the first 8 weeks, then every 2 weeks until on stable doses, then every 4 weeks thereafter or as clinically indicated. Liver profile will be measured monthly. Bone marrow biopsies/aspirates will be centrally reviewed during or at the end of the study. Approximately 30 days after receiving the last dose of study drug, patients will be reassessed for toxicity, patient status and relapse/progression if applicable. Thereafter, patients will be re-assessed every 3 months until death or loss to follow-up.

Biomarkers of angiogenesis will be measured at the following frequencies: CECs and CEPs at baseline, monthly x 3 then q 3 monthly x 2 then at time of progression or coming off study.Marrow and peripheral blood soluble VEGF and VEGFR-1 and 2 will be measured by ELISA at the same frequency as the bone marrows.Cytogenetics will be performed at baseline, at 3 months and at completion of the study.

STUDY DURATION: 12 months for lenalidomide + melphalan; option to remain on lenalidomide alone if ongoing response at 12 months TOTAL SAMPLE SIZE: 20

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Revlimid®, and Metronomic Melphalan in the Management of Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) and CMML: A Phase 2 Study"
Study Start Date : January 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide and Melphalan
Lenalidomide + Melphalan both given metronomically
Drug: Lenalidomide and melphalan
Lenalidomide (Revlimid) 10 mg po daily for 21d/28 Melphalan (Melphalan) 2 mg po daily for 21d/28
Other Names:
  • Revlimid
  • Melphalan

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (RR) (as defined by modified international working group standardized response criteria) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Overall Response Rate (RR) (as defined by modified international working group standardized response criteria).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent with hematologic improvement [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Percent with hematologic improvement.

  2. Percent with cytogenetic remission [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Percent with cytogenetic remission.

  3. Overall, progression-free and leukemia-free-survival [ Time Frame: 3 yrs ]
    Overall, progression-free and leukemia-free-survival.

  4. Percent reduction in baseline biomarkers of angiogenesis including: circulating endothelial cells (CEC) and precursors (CEP), plasma and marrow VEGF and VEGFR 1-2 levels [ Time Frame: 3 yrs ]
    Percent reduction in baseline biomarkers of angiogenesis including: circulating endothelial cells (CEC) and precursors (CEP), plasma and marrow VEGF and VEGFR 1-2 levels.

  5. Safety (type, frequency, severity, and relationship of adverse events to study therapy) [ Time Frame: 3 yrs ]
    Safety (type, frequency, severity, and relationship of adverse events to study therapy).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  2. Age 18 years or older at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  4. Must have a diagnosis of high-intermediate or high risk MDS (de novo or secondary) or CMML fitting any of the following classifications (including CMML with wbc < 12,000 x 109/L) and IPSS > 1.5 or proliferative form of CMML (wbc > 12,000 x 109/L for which the IPSS does not apply). If the patient has unsuccessful cytogenetics, patients with WHO classification of transfusion dependent RAEB-1 will be eligible (see appendix B and C for WHO MDS classification).
  5. All previous cancer therapy, including radiation, hormonal therapy and surgery, must have been discontinued at least 4 weeks (6 weeks for 5-Azacitidine or bone marrow transplant) prior to treatment in this study.
  6. ECOG performance status of <= 2 at study entry (see Appendix A).
  7. Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    • Serum calcium <3.0 mmol/L
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) < 2 x ULN

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  2. Pregnant or breast-feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide).
  3. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  4. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline.
  5. Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide or melphalan.
  6. The development of erythema nodosum is characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs.
  7. Any prior use of lenalidomide.
  8. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments.
  9. Known positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis, types A, B or C.
  10. Must not have a diagnosis of AML (> 20% blasts) or other progressive malignant disease
  11. Must not have received treatment with, erythropoietin, or granulocyte colony-stimulating factors within seven days of study initiation (21 days for pegfilgrastim or Aranesp). Note: use of corticosteroids (topical and inhaled) is permitted and prophylactic steroids are allowed for transfusion reactions, but ongoing oral corticosteroids are not permitted.
  12. Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  13. History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days of treatment.
  14. Any history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack within 12 months prior to study entry.
  15. Histories of myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmia, stable/unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft or stenting within 12 months prior to study entry.
  16. History of pulmonary embolism within the past 12 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00744536

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Canada, Ontario
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Odette Cancer Center
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4N3M5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
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Principal Investigator: Rena J Buckstein, MD FRCPC Odette Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Dr. Rena Buckstein, Head Hematology Site Group, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Identifier: NCT00744536     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RV-MDS-PI-128
First Posted: September 1, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Dr. Rena Buckstein, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre:
Myelodysplastic syndrome
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
High intermediate risk and high risk IPSS score
Metronomic chemotherapy
Myelodysplastic Myeloproliferative Diseases
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents