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Treatment Youth With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00708240
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2008 by University of Ottawa.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2008
H. Lundbeck A/S
Information provided by:
University of Ottawa

Brief Summary:
Although research suggests that patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exhibit specific deficits in their high cognitive processes, it is still unknown how these deficits relate to the clinical symptoms of the disorder, and to the response to treatment. There are two aims for the proposed research. The first is to examine how high cognitive processes and brain activity are affected in OCD. The second aim is to investigate the effects of a specific psychotropic medication (escitalopram) on high cognitive processes and brain activity in OCD. We will investigate how 40 youth with OCD (recruited in specialized clinics) differ from 40 healthy youth (recruited from the local community) on selected cognitive tests and brain imaging paradigms, as well as explore how treatment with medication can correct or reverse the observed differences. The final goal of our research is to learn more about the mechanisms of action for available treatments, in order to refine and improve short- and long-term therapeutic strategies for a highly debilitating and often lifelong disorder.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Drug: Escitalopram Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Rationale. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often has a childhood onset, and is characterized by recurrent obsessions and compulsions that are perceived as irrational and cause significant interference in daily functioning. Neuropsychological and/or neuroimaging investigations have consistently implicated pathways involving the ventral prefrontal cortical regions in the pathophysiology of the disorder. In the absence of attention or memory loss, OCD patients perform more poorly than controls on tasks requiring inhibition of an automatic response. Dysfunction of a frontal-striatal-thalamic circuit in OCD may be mediated by abnormalities in glutamatergic-serotonin neurotransmission, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the unique class of psychotropic medication with demonstrated efficacy for youth (and adults) with the disorder.

Objectives and hypotheses. The first objective of the study is to examine how executive functions, metacognition performance, and regional brain activations differ in adolescents with OCD compared to healthy controls. Three specific hypotheses will be tested: (1) in adolescents with OCD, the executive functions related to the frontal cortex will be impaired compared to healthy controls; (2) the metacognition performance of the OCD group will be lower than that of the control group; (3) using fMRI, the OCD group's frontal lobe activations during tasks testing response inhibition and working memory, will be higher than those in the control group. The second objective is to investigate how treatment with the SSRI escitalopram will affect executive functions, metacognition performance, and regional brain activations in adolescents with OCD. After pharmacotherapy, three specific hypotheses will be tested: (1) there will be significant improvement from baseline in the OCD group's frontal executive functions and metacognition performance; (2) the differences on executive functions and metacognition performance between the OCD and control groups will no longer be significant; (3) on repeated fMRI procedures, the OCD group's frontal lobe activations will show a significant decrease from baseline. The third objective is to explore, within the patient group, the relationships between the degree of clinical change, and the magnitude of pre-post-treatment changes in neurocognitive performance, and regional brain activations. The hypothesis is that greater clinical improvement will be associated with greater changes on the selected neurocognitive and neurofunctional measures.

Method. Forty subjects, aged 13-19 years, with a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of OCD, and 40 sex-, and age-matched healthy controls, will be recruited from Ottawa mental health centers and the community. The study will use a pre- post-treatment design, and include three phases. Phase I: Pre-treatment, the OCD subjects will be compared to controls on clinical, neurocognitive, and functional brain activation measures. Phase II: The OCD subjects will receive open treatment with escitalopram (5 mg to 20 mg/day) for 16 weeks. Phase III: The clinical, neurocognitive, and functional brain activations measures will be repeated in all OCD subjects who completed 16 weeks of escitalopram pharmacotherapy, and the neurocognitive measures in control participants after 16 weeks. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Stroop Test, and a Working Memory Task will be used to assess frontal executive functions. The Feeling-of-knowing task and Metacognition Questionnaire will measure metacognition performances. To investigate regional brain activations (only in participants aged 15-19 years), two functional neuroimaging paradigms will be used, a Go/NoGo and a n-Back task, and regional brain activations will be measured using fMRI technology. In patients, clinical severity and changes with treatment will be assessed using the Children's Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, and the Children Depression Inventory. Statistical methods will include repeated measures MANOVAS, t-tests, and correlational analyses.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment With Escitalopram (Cipralex®) for Adolescents With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Efficacy, Safety, and Changes in Executive Functions, Metacognition, and Regional Brain Activations.
Study Start Date : January 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2010

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Escitalopram Drug: Escitalopram
Escitalopram will be provided in unit doses commercially available, with a starting dose, minimum effective dose, and maximum effective dose of 5 mg, 10 mg and 20 mg, respectively, given once daily.
Other Name: Cipralex

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale score. [ Time Frame: Before and after treatment and at each study visit ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Global Impression for Severity of Illness and Improvement [ Time Frame: each study visit ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be 13 to 19 years old
  • Have at least average intellectual ability
  • Currently meet DSM-IV-TR criteria for OCD, upon completion of the Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule for DSM-IV - Research and Lifetime Version for child and parent (ADIS- RLV)
  • Receive a total score equal to or greater than 20 on the CY-BOCS at the screening visit have less than 25% decrease on the CY-BOCS total score between the screening and baseline visit
  • If female of childbearing potential and sexually active in a heterosexual relationship, the subject must be using a reliable method of contraception, such as hormonal contraceptives
  • Oral contraceptives must have been started at least 3 months prior to the start of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant and/or unstable medical condition, including cardiovascular, respiratory, hematological, neurological and endocrine diseases
  • History of neurological disorder or head injury
  • Current use of medication with central nervous system effects
  • Substance abuse or dependence within 6 months prior to enrolment
  • Contra-indication to the fMRI
  • Color blindness
  • A comorbid current DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis, except for tic disorders and another anxiety disorder, as long as the associated disorder is less disabling than the primary diagnosis of OCD, as can be assessed with the ADIS
  • Patients who would require additional psychological or pharmacological treatment
  • Significant suicide risk, based on clinical judgment and the relevant section of the ADIS
  • Hypersensitivity to escitalopram
  • Previous non-response to an adequate trial of escitalopram
  • Any lifetime psychiatric disorder as assessed on the ADIS
  • A lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia in biological parents or siblings

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00708240

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Contact: Martine F Flament, MD 613-722-6521 ext 6455
Contact: Metehan Irak, PhD 613-722-6521 ext 7094

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Canada, Ontario
University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research Recruiting
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1Z7K4
Contact: Zul Merali, PhD    613-722-6521 ext 6551   
Principal Investigator: Martine F. Flament, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Ottawa
H. Lundbeck A/S
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Principal Investigator: Martine F. Flament, MD University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research
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Responsible Party: Martine F. Flament, Univeristy of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research Identifier: NCT00708240    
Other Study ID Numbers: IMHR-REB-2006-14
First Posted: July 2, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2008
Last Verified: June 2008
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Compulsive Personality Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Personality Disorders
Mental Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs