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Anti-MART-1 F5 Lymphocytes to Treat High-Risk Melanoma Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00706992
Recruitment Status : Terminated (<11 subjects were enrolled to each Arm)
First Posted : June 30, 2008
Results First Posted : March 19, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 28, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Steven Rosenberg, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Background:

  • Melanoma antigen recognized by T cells (MART-1) is a gene that is present in melanoma cells.
  • This study tests an experimental treatment that uses the patient's own lymphocytes (type of white blood cell), which are specially selected and genetically modified with a gene called anti-MART-1 transduced cells (F5) to target and destroy their tumor. Some of the cells are given as an infusion and others are given as a vaccine.
  • The anti-MART-1 F5 cells are currently being studied in other patients in combination with chemotherapy and IL-2 (aldesleukin) therapy.

Objectives:

-To determine if the anti-MART-1 F5 treatment can improve the immune system's ability to shrink tumors and to prevent melanoma from recurring.

Eligibility:

  • Patients 18 years of age and older whose melanoma has been removed and are currently disease-free, but who are at risk for recurrence.
  • Patients who do not have ocular or mucosal melanoma.
  • Patients with tissue type human leukocyte antigens (HLA-A)*0201).

Design:

  • Workup: Patients have scans, x-rays, laboratory tests, other tests as needed and leukapheresis, a procedure for collecting white cells to modify in the laboratory and later reinfuse into the patient.
  • Patients are assigned to one of four study groups:

    • Group 1 receives anti-MART-1 F5 cells by 30-minute infusion through a vein on day 0.
    • Group 2 receives anti-MART-1 F5 cells on day 0 followed by injections of MART-1 vaccine, which contains MART-1 and an oil-based liquid called Montanide ISA-51 VG. The vaccine is repeated on day 30.
    • Group 3 receives anti-MART-1 F5 cells on day 0 followed by injections of low-dose IL-2 for 5 days (days 0-4).
    • Group 4 receives anti-MART-1 F5 cells on day 0 followed by MART-1 vaccine and low-dose IL-2 for 5 days. The vaccine is repeated on day 30.
  • Recovery: Patients are monitored closely and given medicines to prevent or treat any side effects of therapy.
  • Leukapheresis: Patients undergo leukapheresis at 1 and 3 months after therapy to collect cells to examine the effects of the treatment on the immune system.
  • Follow-up: Patients return to National Institutes of Health (NIH) 35 days after completing treatment and then at 3 months and every 6 months thereafter for evaluation with a physical examination, review of side effects, laboratory tests and scans. They have blood tests at 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment and then once a year after that. A biopsy may be requested after treatment ends to examine the effects of treatment on the immune system. All patients return to NIH for a physical examination once a year for 5 years and then complete a follow-up questionnaire for another 10 years.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Biological: ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine Biological: MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide vaccine Biological: Aldesleukin Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Phase 2

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Detailed Description:

Background:

We have engineered human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) to express an anti-MART-1 T-cell receptor (TCR) that recognizes an HLA-A*0201 restricted epitope derived from the tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) clone DMF5.

We constructed a single retroviral vector that encodes both alpha and beta chains and can mediate genetic transfer of this T cell receptor (TCR) with high efficiency without the need to perform any selection.

In co-cultures with HLA-A*0201 positive melanoma, anti-MART-1 F5 TCR transduced T cells secreted significant amount of IFN- but no significant secretion was observed in control co-cultures with cell lines.

The anti-MART-1 F5 TCR transduced PBL could efficiently kill HLA-A*0201 positive tumors. There was little or no recognition of normal fibroblasts cells.

This TCR is over 10 times more reactive with melanoma cells than the MART-1 F4 TCR that mediated tumor regression in two patients with metastatic melanoma.

Poxviruses encoding melanoma antigens, similar to the ALVAC MART-1 vaccine have been shown to successfully immunize patients against these antigens.

Objectives:

Primary objectives:

To evaluate the ability of four different strategies to enhance the persistence of anti-tumor T cells in the circulation at 5-10 days, and at 31-35 days after treatment (defined as F5 cells in cohorts 1 and 2, and aldesleukin in cohorts 3 and 4) and potentially select one strategy for further study.

With Amendment E, the primary objective is to evaluate the ability of three different strategies to enhance the persistence of anti-tumor T cells in the circulation at 5-10 days and at 31-35 days after treatment (defined as F5 cells in cohort 5, aldesleukin in cohort 6, and ALVAC MART-1 vaccine in cohort 7) and potentially select one strategy for further study.

Eligibility:

Patients who are HLA-A*0201 positive and 18 years of age or older must have:

  • primary melanomas with lesions that are ulcerated and greater than or equal to 2.0 mm, or any lesions that are greater than or equal to 4.0 mm in thickness, or greater than or equal to 1 positive lymph node, or local recurrence, or resected metastatic disease, within 6 months of surgical resection.
  • must be clinically disease free at the time of protocol entry as documented by radiologic studies within 4 weeks of patient entry.
  • may have had prior adjuvant treatment with immunotherapy, including interferon, as long as 3 weeks have elapsed since prior systemic therapy.
  • normal values for basic laboratory values.

Patients may not have:

  • ocular or mucosal melanoma;
  • been previously immunized with MART-1;
  • concurrent major medical illnesses;
  • any form of primary or secondary immunodeficiency;
  • severe hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study;

Design:

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained by leukapheresis (approximately 1 times 10^10 cells) will be cultured in the presence of anti-CD3 (OKT3) and aldesleukin in order to stimulate T-cell growth.

Transduction is initiated by exposure of approximately 10^8 to 5 times 10^9 cells to retroviral vector supernatant containing the anti-MART-1 F5 TCR genes. These transduced cells (called F5 cells) will be expanded and tested for their anti-tumor activity.

F5 cells will be administered intravenously at a dose of 1 times 10^9 to 7 times 10^10 cells.

Patients will be randomized into one of the following four cohorts:

  1. F5 cells on day 0 alone
  2. F5 cells on day 0 followed by the subcutaneous injection of 1.0 mg MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide in Montanide ISA-51 VG on day 0 and day 30.
  3. F5 cells on day 0 followed by the subcutaneous injection of 125,000 IU/kg/day aldesleukin on days 0-4.
  4. F5 cells on day 0 plus MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide in Montanide ISA-51 VG on day 0 and day 30, and 125,000 IU/kg aldesleukin on days 0-4.

    Starting with amendment E, the four cohorts above will be closed to accrual and patients will be randomized to the following cohorts:

  5. F5 cells on day 0 following subcutaneous injection of ALVAC MART-1 vaccine. Second dose of ALVAC MART-1 vaccine is given on day 14.
  6. F5 cells on day 0 following subcutaneous injection of ALVAC MART-1 vaccine and then subcutaneous injection of 125,000 IU/kg/day aldesleukin on days 0-4. Second dose of ALVAC MART-1 vaccine is given on day 14.
  7. ALVAC MART-1 vaccine on days 0 and 14.

Patients will undergo complete evaluation with physical examination, computed tomography (CT) of the chest, abdomen and pelvis (3 months and thereafter only) and clinical laboratory evaluation at day 35, and 3 months after treatment and then every six months or until off study criteria are met.

Each of the cohorts will be conducted using a two-stage MiniMax design. This design will try to determine whether each of the modalities of administration can produce persistence of the transferred cells at a frequency of greater than or equal to 5 percent of circulating cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) plus cells in 35 percent of patients as opposed to undesirably low (15 percent), with a 3 percent probability of accepting a poor schedule and 15 percent probability of rejecting a good schedule.

Initially 22 patients will be enrolled in each cohort. If four immunologic responses (persistence) are noted in a given cohort, then accrual to 39 patients would take place. The cohort with the highest number of patients exhibiting persistence will be considered immunologically active and will be considered worthy of further development. If this arm has fewer than 11 of 39 patients with persistence, it will not be considered worthy of further consideration.

Starting with amendment E, 10 patients will be enrolled in each new cohort (cohorts 5-7). If on any of the three arms, there are 2 or more of 10 patients with 5% CD8+ circulating cells, then this cohort will be considered worthy of further consideration.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Transfer of Autologous T Cells Transduced With the Anti-MART-1 F5 T Cell Receptor in High Risk Melanoma
Study Start Date : June 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I - Adj-4 A2 F5 cells
Patients receive anti-MART-1 F5 TCR-transduced peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) intravenously (IV) over 20-30 minutes on day 0. 1 x 10e9 to 5 x 10e10 IV.
Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)

Experimental: Arm II-Adj-4 A2 F5 cells + MART-1:26-35(27L) Peptide
Patients receive anti-MART-1 F5 TCR-transduced PBLs as in arm I and MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide vaccine emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 subcutaneously (SC) on days 0 and 30. 1 x 10e9 to 5 x 10e10 IV + 1.0 mg peptide subcutaneously.
Biological: MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously

Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)

Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously

Experimental: Arm III-Adj-4 A2 F5 cells + SQ IL-2
Patients receive anti-MART-1 F5 TCR-transduced PBLs as in arm I and aldesleukin SC on days 0-4. 1 x 10e9 to 5 x 10e10 IV + IL-2 (based on body weight) 125,000 IU/kg/day subcutaneously.
Biological: Aldesleukin
Given subcutaneously

Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)

Experimental: Arm IV-Adj-4 A2 F5 cells + MART-1:26-35(27L) Peptide+SQ IL-2
Patients receive anti-MART-1 F5 TCR-transduced PBLs as in arm I, MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide vaccine emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 as in arm II, and aldesleukin as in arm III. 1 x 10e9 to 5 x 10e10 IV + 1.0 mg peptide subcutaneously + IL-2 (based on body weight) 125,000 IU/kg/day subcutaneously.
Biological: MART-1:26-35(27L) peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously

Biological: Aldesleukin
Given subcutaneously

Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)

Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously

Experimental: Arm V-Adj-4 A2 F5 cells + ALVAC MART-1:26-35(27L) Vaccine
Patients receive anti-MART-1 F5 TCR-transduced PBLs IV over 20-30 minutes on day 0, and ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine SC on days 0 and 14. 1 x 10e9 to 5 x 10e10 IV + ALVAC vaccine 0.5 ml containing target dose of 10e7 CCID50 (with a range of approximately 10^6.4 to 10^7.9/mL subcutaneously (total of 4 x 10e7 CCID50/2 mL).
Biological: ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine
Given subcutaneously

Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)

Experimental: Arm VI-Adj-4 A2 F5 cells + ALVAC MART-1 VAccine + SQ IL-2
Patients receive anti-MART-1 F5 TCR-transduced PBLs and ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine as in arm V, and low-dose aldesleukin SC on days 0-4. 1 x 10e9 to 5 x 10e10 IV + ALVAC vaccine 0.5 ml containing target dose of 10e7 CCID50 (with a range of approximately 10^6.4 to 10^7.9/mL subcutaneously (total of 4 x 10e7 CCID50/2 mL)+ 125,000 IU/kg/day subcutaneously.
Biological: ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine
Given subcutaneously

Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)

Experimental: Arm VII-Adj-4 A2 ALVAC MART-1:26-35(27L) Vaccine
Patients receive ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine SC on days 0 and 14. ALVAC vaccine 0.5 ml containing target dose of 10e7 CCID50 (with a range of approximately 10^6.4 to 10^7.9/mL subcutaneously (total of 4 x 10e7 CCID50/2 mL).
Biological: ALVAC-MART-1 vaccine
Given subcutaneously

Biological: Aldesleukin
Given subcutaneously

Biological: autologous anti-MART-1 F5 T-cell receptor gene-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes
Given intravenously (IV)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Immunologic Response [ Time Frame: 9/24/08-10/9/12 ]
    Percentage of participants with an immunologic response of >20 spots/100,000 cells measured by IFN gamma secretion using enzyme linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) assay. This was done using ELISPOT assay which measures immune response at the single cell level.

  2. Number of Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Here is the number of participants with adverse events. For a detailed list of adverse events see the adverse event module.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Primary melanomas with lesions that are ulcerated and greater than or equal to 2.0 mm, or any lesions that are greater than or equal to 4.0 mm in thickness, or greater than or equal to 1 positive lymph node, or local recurrence, or resected metastatic disease, within 6 months of surgical resection will be considered. Patients must be clinically disease free at the time of protocol entry as documented by radiologic studies within 6 weeks of patient entry. Patients must have pathologic confirmation of cutaneous melanoma, with slides reviewed at National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Department of Anatomic Pathology), and if the diagnosis is not confirmed, the patient will be excluded from the study.
    2. Human leukocyte antigens (HLA-A) 0201 positive.
    3. Age greater than or equal to18 years.
    4. Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0 or 1.
    5. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document.
    6. Patients of both genders must be willing to practice effective birth control during this trial because the potential for teratogenic effects are unknown. Effective birth control requires use of an effective method from the following list: Abstinence, Intrauterine device (IUD); Hormonal (Birth control pills, injections, implants); Tubal ligation; Cervical cap; or Partner's vasectomy
    7. Patients may have had prior adjuvant treatment with immunotherapy, including interferon, as long as 3 weeks have elapsed since prior systemic therapy.
    8. Serology:

      1. Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune -competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
      2. Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen and hepatitis C antibody unless antigen negative (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends upon an intact immune system and these conditions may have possible immune system effects).
    9. Hematology:

      1. Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm^3 without the support of filgrastim.
      2. White blood cell (WBC) (greater than 3000/mm^3).
      3. Platelet count greater than 90,000/mm^3.
      4. Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl.
    10. Chemistry:

      1. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less or equal to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal.
      2. Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl.
      3. Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Ocular or mucosal melanoma.
  2. Undergoing or have undergone in the past 3 weeks any systemic therapy except surgery for their cancer, and must have recovered to a grade 1 from any adverse effects of treatment prior to entry, other than those that do not have clinical implications, e.g. vitiligo, alopecia.
  3. Have autoimmune disease (such as autoimmune colitis or Crohn's disease) or any known immunodeficiency disease, as evidenced by abnormal white blood count (WBC) count.
  4. Concurrent systemic steroid therapy.
  5. Known systemic hypersensitivity to any of the vaccine components, including egg products or Neomycin.
  6. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus or infant.
  7. Have active systemic infections including concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities).
  8. Previous immunization with melanoma antigen recognized by T cells (MART-1).
  9. Known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00706992


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI), 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Steven Rosenberg, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Steven Rosenberg, M.D., Principal Investigator, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00706992     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080162
08-C-0162
First Posted: June 30, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 19, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 28, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015
Keywords provided by Steven Rosenberg, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
MART-1 Peptide
Melanoma
Adjuvant Therapy
Gene Therapy
T Cell Persistence
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Melanoma
Nevi and Melanomas
Aldesleukin
Vaccines
Freund's Adjuvant
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic