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Effect of Therapeutic Measures in Dental Caries Reduction in Children With Primary Dentition From Medellín City

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00475618
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 21, 2007
Last Update Posted : May 31, 2012
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Colgate Palmolive
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alexandra Saldarriaga Cadavid Ms, CES University

Brief Summary:

The propouse of this study is to evaluate some combined preventive measures, of easy application in children under 6 years old as education, brush teeth, fluoride free tooth paste,fluoridated tooth paste, professional cleaning and fluoride varnish application, to determine between three groups of differents combined preventive measures, wich one is better in reduting dental caries appearance.

Hypothesis:

  1. Ho: Dental caries reduction percentage is larger or equal in the group with only prevention education and Professional cleaning, than in the groups intercepted with fluoride varnish or fluoride toothpaste.
  2. Ha: Dental caries reduction percentage is less in the group with only prevention education and Professional cleaning, than in the groups intercepted with fluoride varnish or fluoride toothpaste.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dental Decay Procedure: topical fluoride varnish application. Procedure: professional cleaning Procedure: No fluoride toothpaste Phase 3

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Detailed Description:

Dental caries is a public health problem in any society. Even though caries prevalence has decreased in many industrialized countries, dental caries in the early infancy still has high prevalence in non developing countries. In Colombia as well Medellín, there are not data of dental caries prevalence in children under 5 years old.

The fact that the official studies do not recognize this world tendency and are limited to age groups over 5 years old, underestimate the disease as an early appearing process in life, specially in underprivileged groups. When dental caries is not properly treated, it becomes a risk factor for other systemic and infectious diseases. Early infant dental caries has been strongly related with malnutrition in children under 6 years old; is has been proved that once their dental problem is treated, weight and size are recovered.

Design and implementation of prevention programs for preschool children must be a priority.This study pretends evaluate some combined preventive measures of easy application in children under 6 as education, brush teeth, fluoride free and fluoridated tooth paste, professional cleaning and fluoride varnish application considering this an easy application measure for this group of age, which eventually it could be more cost-effective than the sealant.

The importance of doing new clinical studies to evaluate the efficacy of fluoride varnishes combined with other preventive measures, is supported in most of other studies have used a non treated group or placebo as a control group.12 The evaluation of the non fluoride toothpaste will give us an exact idea of the contribution of each of the preventive measures in dental caries reduction.

In Colombia, there is not doubt that past preventive programs had a positive effect in dental health of school children. However, preschool children have been out of these programs.

New programs should be carried on to educational establishment and infant care centres without distinction of the type of social health insurance or coverage.

The study pretends to evaluate the efficacy of therapeutics measures like fluoride varnish application and professional cleaning, which are characterized for their low cost and easy application. In the first place, parents and children in the study will receive education lecture, they will be provided with tooth brush and toothpaste with or without fluoride depending the group assigned. At the same time the study pretends to generate knowledge that contributes to minimize invasive and painful treatments in this group of age.

What effect has the inclusion of fluoride varnish and 500 ppm fluoridated toothpaste as preventive measures complementary to oral health education and professional tooth cleaning in reduction of dental caries in children under 5 years old?

Comparisons and Study group design: three groups will be randomly assigned to an experimental group:

  1. Group A: Dental health education with brush and 500 PPM fluoride tooth paste; with professional cleaning each 6 months.
  2. Group B: Dental health education with brush and non fluoride tooth paste; with professional cleaning each 6 months.
  3. Group C: Dental health education with brush and non fluoride tooth paste; with professional cleaning each 6 months and topical fluoride varnish application.

The study will be a random controlled double blind assay made in children with primary dentition and 2.5 or 3.5 years old at the beginning, from socio-economic status 2 and 3 that are attended in Su Salud IPS ( Service lender institution) at the Metropolitan area of Medellín city with 3 years follow-up.

A second part of the study pretends to measure presence of dental fluorosis in the permanent dentition of the children that took part in the first assay. This proposal will be designed in that moment.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Therapeutic Measures in Dental Caries Reduction in Children With Primary Dentition From Metropolitan Area Sorrounded Medellín City. A Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Tooth Decay

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fluoride Varnish
Professional cleaning + education + fluoride vanish
Procedure: topical fluoride varnish application.
Vanish application every 6 months in all accesible tooth surfaces

Active Comparator: Fluoride Toothpaste 500 ppm
Professional cleaning + education + fluoride toothpaste 500 ppm
Procedure: professional cleaning
Daily use fluoride toothpaste 500 ppm.

Active Comparator: No fluoride toothpaste
Professional cleaning + education + no fluoride toothpaste
Procedure: No fluoride toothpaste
Daily use no fluoride toothpaste.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dental Caries reduction as if the patient has or not new dental caries. [ Time Frame: Three years with clinical examination every one year. ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   29 Months to 41 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children since 2.5 and 3.5 years old
  • Deciduous teeth complete formula
  • They are part of Su Salud health Service Company
  • Healthy chlildrens

Exclusion Criteria:

  • children with any mental or fhisical incapacity

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00475618


Sponsors and Collaborators
CES University
Colgate Palmolive
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alexandra Saldarriaga, Master of Sience CES University - Medellín - Colombia

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Responsible Party: Alexandra Saldarriaga Cadavid Ms, Principal investigator, CES University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00475618     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1-Mejia
First Posted: May 21, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by Alexandra Saldarriaga Cadavid Ms, CES University:
Early chilhood caries
Prevention
Fluoride varnish
fluoride toothpaste
non fluoride tooth paste
Professional cleaning
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dental Caries
Tooth Demineralization
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Fluorides
Fluorides, Topical
Cariostatic Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs