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S0121, Neoadjuvant Carboplatin, Paclitaxel, and Gemcitabine Followed by Cisplatin and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Recurrent Carcinoma of the Urothelium

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00055835
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 7, 2003
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy before radiation therapy, and combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy, may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of neoadjuvant gemcitabine, paclitaxel, and carboplatin followed by cisplatin and radiation therapy in treating patients who have locally advanced or recurrent carcinoma (cancer) of the urothelium.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Urethral Cancer Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: paclitaxel Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the overall survival of patients with locally advanced or recurrent carcinoma of the urothelium treated with neoadjuvant carboplatin, paclitaxel, and gemcitabine followed by concurrent cisplatin and radiotherapy.
  • Determine the feasibility of administering this regimen to these patients.
  • Determine the progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the response rate (confirmed and unconfirmed) of patients treated with the neoadjuvant regimen and those treated with the whole regimen.
  • Determine the proportion of patients who qualify for concurrent cisplatin and radiotherapy after receiving the neoadjuvant regimen.
  • Determine the potential value of suppressor gene expression analysis (p53 and retinoblastoma gene) and HER2 expression as indicators of prognosis and/or response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 15 minutes on day 1 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a maximum of 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Within 4-8 weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients receive cisplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a maximum of 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Evaluation of Carboplatin, Paclitaxel and Gemcitabine Followed by Concurrent Cisplatin and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Locally Advanced or Recurrent Urothelial Malignancy
Study Start Date : November 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2006

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: carboplatin
    *AUC=5 (by modified Calvert formula), IV, over 15 minutes; given q 21 days for a maximum of 3 cycles (1 cycle = 21 days)
    Other Name: Paraplatin
  • Drug: cisplatin
    75 mg/m2 (maximum dose 150 mg), IV, rapid infusion; given q 21 days for 2 cycles (1 cycle = 21 days)
    Other Name: Platinol; CDDP
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
    800 mg/m2, IV, over 30 minutes; given on Days 1 & 8, q 21 days, for a maximum of 3 cycles (1 cycle = 21 days)
    Other Name: Gemzar
  • Drug: paclitaxel
    200 mg/m2, IV, over 3 hours; given q 21 days for a maximum of 3 cycles (1 cycle = 21 days)
    Other Name: Taxol
  • Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
    Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (paclitaxel, carboplatin, and gemcitabine)
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
    Radiation treatments will be delivered once daily. Treatment will be given 5 days per week at a dose of 180 to 200 cGy per day. All fields will be treated everyday.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed primary or recurrent invasive carcinoma of the urothelium

    • Transitional, squamous, or mixed cell subtypes allowed
    • Primary disease site must be the urinary bladder or urethra
    • Disease confined to the true pelvis (T2-T4, N0-N3, M0)
    • Must meet at least 1 of the following criteria:

      • Nodal involvement at or below the level of the bifurcation of the iliac vessels
      • Medically or surgically inoperable
      • Patient refused cystectomy
  • Measurable or nonmeasurable disease
  • Evidence of tumor invasion of the muscularis by cystoscopy and biopsy and detailed bladder mapping within the past 56 days
  • No extrapelvic metastases
  • Eligible to receive radiotherapy

    • Planned radiotherapy at a SWOG-approved facility



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Zubrod 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least lower limit of normal


  • Bilirubin no greater than upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT or SGPT no greater than 2.5 times ULN


  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min OR
  • Creatinine no greater than ULN


  • No chronic diarrhea
  • No malabsorption
  • No extensive diverticular disease of the colon
  • No inflammatory bowel disease
  • No other pre-existing gastrointestinal disorders


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No active infections requiring antibiotics
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or adequately treated stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy for patients with a current diagnosis of advanced bladder cancer that is also the initial diagnosis
  • No prior systemic chemotherapy except adjuvant therapy for recurrent disease completed more than 6 months ago
  • No prior carboplatin
  • No prior paclitaxel
  • No prior gemcitabine

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior pelvic radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00055835

Hide Hide 92 study locations
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United States, Alabama
MBCCOP - Gulf Coast
Mobile, Alabama, United States, 36607
United States, Arizona
CCOP - Western Regional, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85006-2726
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Phoenix (Carl T. Hayden)
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85012
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Tucson
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85723
Arizona Cancer Center at University of Arizona Health Sciences Center
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724
United States, Arkansas
Arkansas Cancer Research Center at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Little Rock
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, California
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010-3000
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Veterans Affairs Outpatient Clinic - Martinez
Martinez, California, United States, 94553
CCOP - Bay Area Tumor Institute
Oakland, California, United States, 94609-3305
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of California Irvine Medical Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
University of California Davis Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
CCOP - Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital
Santa Rosa, California, United States, 95403
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Cancer Center at University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80010
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
United States, District of Columbia
MBCCOP - Howard University Cancer Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20060
United States, Florida
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Tampa (Haley)
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Georgia
CCOP - Atlanta Regional
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342-1701
United States, Hawaii
MBCCOP - Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96813
United States, Illinois
MBCCOP - University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Chicago Westside Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
CCOP - Central Illinois
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Hines
Hines, Illinois, United States, 60141
Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center at Loyola University Medical Center
Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153-5500
United States, Kansas
Kansas Masonic Cancer Research Institute at the University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160-7390
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67218
United States, Kentucky
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Lexington
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40502-2236
Markey Cancer Center at University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536-0084
United States, Louisiana
MBCCOP - LSU Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Tulane Cancer Center at Tulane University Hospital and Clinic
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71101-4295
Feist-Weiller Cancer Center at Louisiana State University Health Sciences
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71130-3932
United States, Massachusetts
Cancer Research Center at Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Michigan Cancer Research Consortium
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0946
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201-1379
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Detroit
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201-1932
Josephine Ford Cancer Center at Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
CCOP - Grand Rapids
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States, 49503
CCOP - Beaumont
Royal Oak, Michigan, United States, 48073-6769
Providence Cancer Institute at Providence Hospital - Southfield Campus
Southfield, Michigan, United States, 48075
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216-4505
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Jackson
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216
United States, Missouri
CCOP - Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64131
Saint Louis University Cancer Center
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
CCOP - St. Louis-Cape Girardeau
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63141
CCOP - Cancer Research for the Ozarks
Springfield, Missouri, United States, 65807
United States, Montana
CCOP - Montana Cancer Consortium
Billings, Montana, United States, 59101
United States, New Mexico
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Albuquerque
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87108-5138
MBCCOP - University of New Mexico HSC
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, New York
Western New York Urology Associates
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14220
NYU Cancer Institute at New York University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center at Columbia University
New York, New York, United States, 10032
James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, North Carolina
CCOP - Southeast Cancer Control Consortium
Goldsboro, North Carolina, United States, 27534-9479
United States, Ohio
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45220-2288
Charles M. Barrett Cancer Center at University Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267-0501
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195-9001
CCOP - Columbus
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43206
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Dayton
Dayton, Ohio, United States, 45428-1002
CCOP - Dayton
Dayton, Ohio, United States, 45429
United States, Oklahoma
Oklahoma University Medical Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Oregon
Cancer Institute at Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97201-3098
CCOP - Columbia River Oncology Program
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97225
United States, South Carolina
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Charleston
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29401-5799
Hollings Cancer Center at Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
CCOP - Greenville
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29615
CCOP - Upstate Carolina
Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303
United States, Tennessee
University of Tennessee Cancer Institute at Methodist Central Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38104
United States, Texas
Harrington Cancer Center
Amarillo, Texas, United States, 79106
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine
Amarillo, Texas, United States, 79106
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Amarillo
Amarillo, Texas, United States, 79106
Brooke Army Medical Center
Fort Sam Houston, Texas, United States, 78234-6200
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555-0565
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4095
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
UMC Southwest Cancer and Research Center
Lubbock, Texas, United States, 79415-3364
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229-3900
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - San Antonio (Murphy)
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Temple
Temple, Texas, United States, 76504
CCOP - Scott and White Hospital
Temple, Texas, United States, 76508
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute at University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112-5550
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84148
United States, Virginia
Sentara Cancer Institute at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23510-1115
United States, Washington
CCOP - Virginia Mason Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Seattle
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98108
Puget Sound Oncology Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
CCOP - Northwest
Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98405-0986
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Ulka N. Vaishampayan, MD Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

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Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00055835    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000271309
S0121 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 7, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013
Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
recurrent bladder cancer
stage III bladder cancer
squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder
stage II bladder cancer
recurrent urethral cancer
urethral cancer associated with invasive bladder cancer
distal urethral cancer
proximal urethral cancer
stage IV bladder cancer
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urethral Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Urethral Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs