Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Testing a Community-Friendly Risk Reduction Intervention for Injection Drug Users

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01741350
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 4, 2012
Results First Posted : February 27, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
APT Foundation, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Connecticut

Study Type Interventional
Study Design Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: None (Open Label);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conditions HIV
Opioid Dependence
Interventions Behavioral: Community-friendly Health Recovery Program
Behavioral: Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition
Enrollment 304
Recruitment Details A total of 648 participants were screened from March 2007 through August 2010 from a methadone maintenance program in New Haven, Connecticut.
Pre-assignment Details 292 participants did not meet the study's inclusion criteria, 36 participants missed the initial interview appointment, and 16 participants were ineligible due to already being enrolled in another study.
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Period Title: Study Intervention
Started 149 155
Completed 149 155
Not Completed 0 0
Period Title: Post Intervention Assessment (at Week 4)
Started 149 155
Completed 135 141
Not Completed 14 14
Period Title: 3-Month Follow-up Assessment
Started 135 141
Completed 129 119
Not Completed 6 22
Period Title: 6-Month Follow-up Assessment
Started 129 119
Completed 114 111
Not Completed 15 8
Period Title: 12-Month Follow-up Assessment
Started 114 111
Completed 111 109
Not Completed 3 2
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition Total
Hide Arm/Group Description

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Total of all reporting groups
Overall Number of Baseline Participants 149 155 304
Hide Baseline Analysis Population Description
Only participants who completed all 5 time points on drug-risk reduction knowledge and personal motivation for safer drug use were included in the analysis (i.e., 95 participants for the intervention group and 90 participants for the control group). For all other variables, the participants analyzed for the two groups were 97 and 92, respectively.
Age, Categorical  
Measure Type: Count of Participants
Unit of measure:  Participants
Number Analyzed 149 participants 155 participants 304 participants
<=18 years
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
Between 18 and 65 years
149
 100.0%
155
 100.0%
304
 100.0%
>=65 years
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
Age, Continuous  
Mean (Standard Deviation)
Unit of measure:  Years
Number Analyzed 149 participants 155 participants 304 participants
34.26  (9.939) 33.50  (9.141) 33.87  (9.532)
Sex: Female, Male  
Measure Type: Count of Participants
Unit of measure:  Participants
Number Analyzed 149 participants 155 participants 304 participants
Female
76
  51.0%
81
  52.3%
157
  51.6%
Male
73
  49.0%
74
  47.7%
147
  48.4%
Region of Enrollment  
Measure Type: Number
Unit of measure:  Participants
United States Number Analyzed 149 participants 155 participants 304 participants
149 155 304
1.Primary Outcome
Title Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction skills were assessed by having participants demonstrate the steps necessary to properly clean a needle/syringe.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: Percentage of correct steps
40.60  (1.99) 42.75  (2.09)
2.Primary Outcome
Title Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction skills were assessed by having participants demonstrate the steps necessary to properly clean a needle/syringe.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: Percentage of correct steps
76.37  (2.03) 53.11  (2.14)
3.Primary Outcome
Title Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction skills were assessed by having participants demonstrate the steps necessary to properly clean a needle/syringe.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: Percentage of correct steps
69.59  (2.04) 60.34  (2.15)
4.Primary Outcome
Title Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction skills were assessed by having participants demonstrate the steps necessary to properly clean a needle/syringe.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: Percentage of correct steps
74.12  (1.97) 63.12  (2.07)
5.Primary Outcome
Title Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction skills were assessed by having participants demonstrate the steps necessary to properly clean a needle/syringe.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: Percentage of correct steps
72.61  (1.91) 63.63  (2.01)
6.Primary Outcome
Title Safer Drug Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants completed a self-reported assessment that asks about IV-sharing behavior and were assessed on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores indicating safer drug use.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.25  (0.10) 3.39  (0.10)
7.Primary Outcome
Title Safer Drug Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants completed a self-reported assessment that asks about IV-sharing behavior and were assessed on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores indicating safer drug use.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.78  (0.06) 3.79  (0.06)
8.Primary Outcome
Title Safer Drug Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants completed a self-reported assessment that asks about IV-sharing behavior and were assessed on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores indicating safer drug use.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.83  (0.05) 3.81  (0.05)
9.Primary Outcome
Title Safer Drug Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants completed a self-reported assessment that asks about IV-sharing behavior and were assessed on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores indicating safer drug use.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.84  (0.05) 3.77  (0.05)
10.Primary Outcome
Title Safer Drug Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants completed a self-reported assessment that asks about IV-sharing behavior and were assessed on a scale of 0-4, with higher scores indicating safer drug use.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 92 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.87  (0.05) 3.85  (0.05)
11.Primary Outcome
Title Drug-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants completed an assessment that covers information about drug-related HIV-risk reduction (e.g.,"If an HIV+ person shared needles with another HIV+ person, they don't need to clean the needles") and were rated on a scale of 0 to 1 (higher values representing greater risk reduction knowledge).
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.96  (0.02) 1.00  (0.02)
12.Primary Outcome
Title Drug-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants completed an assessment that covers information about drug-related HIV-risk reduction (e.g.,"If an HIV+ person shared needles with another HIV+ person, they don't need to clean the needles") and were rated on a scale of 0 to 1 (higher values representing greater risk reduction knowledge).
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
1.00  (0.01) 0.98  (0.01)
13.Primary Outcome
Title Drug-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants completed an assessment that covers information about drug-related HIV-risk reduction (e.g.,"If an HIV+ person shared needles with another HIV+ person, they don't need to clean the needles") and were rated on a scale of 0 to 1 (higher values representing greater risk reduction knowledge).
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
1.00  (0.01) 0.96  (0.01)
14.Primary Outcome
Title Drug-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants completed an assessment that covers information about drug-related HIV-risk reduction (e.g.,"If an HIV+ person shared needles with another HIV+ person, they don't need to clean the needles") and were rated on a scale of 0 to 1 (higher values representing greater risk reduction knowledge).
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.96  (0.02) 0.99  (0.02)
15.Primary Outcome
Title Drug-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants completed an assessment that covers information about drug-related HIV-risk reduction (e.g.,"If an HIV+ person shared needles with another HIV+ person, they don't need to clean the needles").
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.98  (0.02) 0.96  (0.02)
16.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "I plan to always use clean needles if I shoot up drugs during the next six months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.79  (0.05) 4.85  (0.05)
17.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "I plan to always use clean needles if I shoot up drugs during the next six months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.91  (0.05) 4.83  (0.05)
18.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "I plan to always use clean needles if I shoot up drugs during the next six months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.87  (0.06) 4.86  (0.07)
19.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "I plan to always use clean needles if I shoot up drugs during the next six months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.87  (0.06) 4.78  (0.06)
20.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "I plan to always use clean needles if I shoot up drugs during the next six months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 95 90
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.88  (0.04) 4.92  (0.04)
21.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always clean my needles before I share them with someone else during the next three months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.65  (0.08) 4.72  (0.09)
22.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always clean my needles before I share them with someone else during the next three months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.77  (0.08) 4.69  (0.08)
23.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always clean my needles before I share them with someone else during the next three months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.90  (0.04) 4.85  (0.05)
24.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always clean my needles before I share them with someone else during the next three months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.73  (0.07) 4.91  (0.07)
25.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce HIV risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always clean my needles before I share them with someone else during the next three months") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.63  (0.09) 4.75  (0.09)
26.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing HIV risk behavior (e.g., "How hard would it be for you to always use condoms") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.01  (0.10) 4.00  (0.11)
27.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing HIV risk behavior (e.g., "How hard would it be for you to always use condoms") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.41  (0.05) 4.38  (0.09)
28.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing HIV risk behavior (e.g., "How hard would it be for you to always use condoms") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.42  (0.08) 4.36  (0.09)
29.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing HIV risk behavior (e.g., "How hard would it be for you to always use condoms") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.22  (0.09) 4.45  (0.10)
30.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Drug-related HIV-Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing HIV risk behavior (e.g., "How hard would it be for you to always use condoms") and rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.38  (0.08) 4.52  (0.08)
31.Primary Outcome
Title Female Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a female condom using a replica.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
57.60  (1.69) 59.38  (1.78)
32.Primary Outcome
Title Female Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a female condom using a replica.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
82.54  (1.25) 74.32  (1.31)
33.Primary Outcome
Title Female Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a female condom using a replica.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
79.29  (1.38) 79.07  (1.45)
34.Primary Outcome
Title Female Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a female condom using a replica.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
83.03  (1.19) 80.86  (1.26)
35.Primary Outcome
Title Female Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a female condom using a replica.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
83.37  (1.19) 82.19  (1.25)
36.Primary Outcome
Title Male Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a male condom using a replica.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
71.63  (1.35) 73.97  (1.42)
37.Primary Outcome
Title Male Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a male condom using a replica.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
87.23  (1.40) 82.71  (1.47)
38.Primary Outcome
Title Male Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a male condom using a replica.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
85.01  (1.22) 84.64  (1.28)
39.Primary Outcome
Title Male Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a male condom using a replica.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
87.51  (1.04) 87.64  (1.09)
40.Primary Outcome
Title Male Condom Skills (0-100%)
Hide Description Participants' HIV risk reduction behavioral skills were assessed based on the percentage of correct necessary steps demonstrated to properly select and apply a male condom using a replica.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: percentage of correct steps
86.70  (1.17) 85.95  (1.24)
41.Primary Outcome
Title Condom Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants were asked: "In the past week, how much of the time did you use a condom or other latex protection when you had oral, anal, or vaginal sex?" and rated on scale of 0 to 4, with indicating greater condom use.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.80  (0.24) 3.56  (0.26)
42.Primary Outcome
Title Condom Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants were asked: "In the past week, how much of the time did you use a condom or other latex protection when you had oral, anal, or vaginal sex?" and rated on scale of 0 to 4, with indicating greater condom use.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.61  (0.24) 3.56  (0.26)
43.Primary Outcome
Title Condom Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants were asked: "In the past week, how much of the time did you use a condom or other latex protection when you had oral, anal, or vaginal sex?" and rated on scale of 0 to 4, with indicating greater condom use.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.95  (0.24) 3.75  (0.25)
44.Primary Outcome
Title Condom Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants were asked: "In the past week, how much of the time did you use a condom or other latex protection when you had oral, anal, or vaginal sex?" and rated on scale of 0 to 4, with indicating greater condom use.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.65  (0.24) 3.79  (0.25)
45.Primary Outcome
Title Condom Use (0-4)
Hide Description Participants were asked: "In the past week, how much of the time did you use a condom or other latex protection when you had oral, anal, or vaginal sex?" and rated on scale of 0 to 4, with indicating greater condom use.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.73  (0.24) 3.83  (0.25)
46.Primary Outcome
Title Sex-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants' knowledge of sex-related HIV-risk reduction was assessed by being asked: "If an HIV positive person only has sex with another HIV positive person, they don't need to use condoms" and rated on a scale of 0 to 1, with a higher score indicating greater HIV-risk reduction knowledge.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.87  (0.03) 0.91  (0.03)
47.Primary Outcome
Title Sex-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants' knowledge of sex-related HIV-risk reduction was assessed by being asked: "If an HIV positive person only has sex with another HIV positive person, they don't need to use condoms" and rated on a scale of 0 to 1, with a higher score indicating greater HIV-risk reduction knowledge.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
1.00  (0.02) 0.95  (0.02)
48.Primary Outcome
Title Sex-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants' knowledge of sex-related HIV-risk reduction was assessed by being asked: "If an HIV positive person only has sex with another HIV positive person, they don't need to use condoms" and rated on a scale of 0 to 1, with a higher score indicating greater HIV-risk reduction knowledge.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.97  (0.02) 0.93  (0.02)
49.Primary Outcome
Title Sex-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants' knowledge of sex-related HIV-risk reduction was assessed by being asked: "If an HIV positive person only has sex with another HIV positive person, they don't need to use condoms" and rated on a scale of 0 to 1, with a higher score indicating greater HIV-risk reduction knowledge.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.97  (0.02) 0.95  (0.02)
50.Primary Outcome
Title Sex-related HIV-risk Reduction Knowledge (0-1)
Hide Description Participants' knowledge of sex-related HIV-risk reduction was assessed by being asked: "If an HIV positive person only has sex with another HIV positive person, they don't need to use condoms" and rated on a scale of 0 to 1, with a higher score indicating greater HIV-risk reduction knowledge.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
0.98  (0.01) 0.99  (0.01)
51.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Always using condoms during sexual intercourse during the next three months would be good") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater personal motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.20  (0.09) 4.26  (0.09)
52.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Always using condoms during sexual intercourse during the next three months would be good") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater personal motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.41  (0.08) 4.24  (0.08)
53.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Always using condoms during sexual intercourse during the next three months would be good") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater personal motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.39  (0.08) 4.24  (0.09)
54.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Always using condoms during sexual intercourse during the next three months would be good") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater personal motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.40  (0.08) 4.29  (0.08)
55.Primary Outcome
Title Personal Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their personal motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Always using condoms during sexual intercourse during the next three months would be good") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater personal motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.21  (0.09) 4.22  (0.09)
56.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always use condoms during sexual intercourse in the next three months") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.67  (0.07) 4.81  (0.08)
57.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always use condoms during sexual intercourse in the next three months") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.73  (0.07) 4.75  (0.07)
58.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always use condoms during sexual intercourse in the next three months") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.73  (0.07) 4.71  (0.07)
59.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always use condoms during sexual intercourse in the next three months") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.75  (0.07) 4.77  (0.07)
60.Primary Outcome
Title Social Motivation to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their social motivation to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "Most people who are important to me think I should always use condoms during sexual intercourse in the next three months") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating stronger social motivation to reduce HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.57  (0.08) 4.70  (0.08)
61.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "If asked, I am confident I could demonstrate how to use male condom and female condoms correctly") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Baseline
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.00  (0.12) 3.09  (0.13)
62.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "If asked, I am confident I could demonstrate how to use male condom and female condoms correctly") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame Immediately Post-Intervention, at 4 weeks
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
2.99  (0.12) 3.06  (0.13)
63.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "If asked, I am confident I could demonstrate how to use male condom and female condoms correctly") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 3-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
3.02  (0.12) 3.14  (0.12)
64.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "If asked, I am confident I could demonstrate how to use male condom and female condoms correctly") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 6-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.75  (0.07) 4.77  (0.07)
65.Primary Outcome
Title Self-efficacy to Reduce Sex-related HIV- Risk Behavior (1-5)
Hide Description Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their self-efficacy about reducing sex-related HIV-risk behavior (e.g., "If asked, I am confident I could demonstrate how to use male condom and female condoms correctly") and were rated on a scale of 1 to 5, with a higher score indicating greater self-efficacy to reduce sex-related HIV-risk behavior.
Time Frame 12-month follow up
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description:

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program : Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition : Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 97 92
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: units on a scale
4.57  (0.08) 4.70  (0.08)
Time Frame March 2007 through August 2011.
Adverse Event Reporting Description [Not Specified]
 
Arm/Group Title CHRP Group Control Condition
Hide Arm/Group Description

Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. The CHRP intervention is a substantially shortened version of the comprehensive Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP)-based interventions that have been identified as demonstrating evidence of effectiveness in two randomized clinical trials. The CHRP, which includes four 50-minute groups (1 group per week), will contain only content that relates explicitly to drug- or sex-related HIV risk reduction. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Community-friendly Health Recovery Program: Four weekly HIV risk-reduction groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

The time-and-attention-matched control condition for the proposed research will be a time and contact-matched, non-contaminating support group for individuals in recovery modeled after similar groups offered in the community. There will be no overlap between the content of the comparison intervention and experimental intervention although the basic structure will be the same. Thus, each participant will be asked to attend four 50-minute weekly group sessions led by two trained facilitators. Participants in both conditions will receive routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

Time-and-Attention-Matched Control Condition: Four weekly support groups and routine clinical services (i.e., daily methadone and case management).

All-Cause Mortality
CHRP Group Control Condition
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   --/--   --/-- 
Hide Serious Adverse Events
CHRP Group Control Condition
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   0/149 (0.00%)   0/155 (0.00%) 
Hide Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events
Frequency Threshold for Reporting Other Adverse Events 0%
CHRP Group Control Condition
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   0/149 (0.00%)   0/155 (0.00%) 
The drug-risk reducing effects of methadone may have restricted our ability to detect intervention effects on drug-related outcomes. Participants may have also been reluctant to report HIV risk related behaviors.
Certain Agreements
All Principal Investigators ARE employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
Results Point of Contact
Layout table for Results Point of Contact information
Name/Title: Dr. Michael M. Copenhaver, Ph.D.
Organization: University of Connecticut
Phone: 860 208-3632
EMail: michael.copenhaver@uconn.edu
Publications:
Institute of Medicine. Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships with Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1998.
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of Connecticut
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01741350    
Other Study ID Numbers: H06-215
1R01DA022122-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: November 30, 2012
First Posted: December 4, 2012
Results First Submitted: November 20, 2013
Results First Posted: February 27, 2014
Last Update Posted: February 27, 2014