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Trial record 29 of 100 for:    AMLODIPINE AND VALSARTAN

Efficacy of a Combination of Amlodipine/Valsartan on 24H Blood Pressure Control With One Nocturnal or Diurnal Intake a Day

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00700271
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 18, 2008
Results First Posted : January 6, 2011
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Novartis

Study Type Interventional
Study Design Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: None (Open Label);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition Hypertension
Interventions Drug: Amlodipine
Drug: Valsartan
Enrollment 478
Recruitment Details  
Pre-assignment Details Eligible patients entered a 4-week open-label amlodipine screening phase with amlodipine 5 mg taken orally once a day. At the end of the screening phase, patients whose blood pressure was not adequately controlled (defined as SBP/DBP >= 125/80 mmHg 24-hr mean) on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were randomized to one of two treatment groups.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study. After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Period Title: Overall Study
Started 278 268
Completed 264 256
Not Completed 14 12
Reason Not Completed
Adverse Event             4             6
Protocol Violation             1             0
Administrative Reasons             1             0
Withdrawal by Subject             6             4
Lost to Follow-up             2             2
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake Total
Hide Arm/Group Description After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study. After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study. Total of all reporting groups
Overall Number of Baseline Participants 242 237 479
Hide Baseline Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Age Continuous   [1] 
Mean (Standard Deviation)
Unit of measure:  Years
Number Analyzed 242 participants 237 participants 479 participants
55.8  (9.89) 56.2  (9.59) 56.0  (9.74)
[1]
Measure Description: Demographic data is provided for the Intent-to-Treat population, which included all the patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two ABPM evaluations were available.
Sex: Female, Male  
Measure Type: Count of Participants
Unit of measure:  Participants
Number Analyzed 242 participants 237 participants 479 participants
Female
114
  47.1%
111
  46.8%
225
  47.0%
Male
128
  52.9%
126
  53.2%
254
  53.0%
1.Primary Outcome
Title Absolute Reduction From Baseline in 24-hour Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit 2 was carried out prior to randomization and the first dose of the amlodipine/valsartan combination study therapy. ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Baseline (Week 0, after completion of screening period) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
-12.01  (0.70) -11.3  (0.71)
2.Secondary Outcome
Title Absolute Reduction From Baseline in Diurnal Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)/Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit 2 was carried out prior to randomization and the first dose of the amlodipine/valsartan combination study therapy. ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Baseline (Week 0, after completion of screening period) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) -13.50  (0.78) -11.99  (0.8)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) -7.56  (0.49) -7.11  (0.5)
3.Secondary Outcome
Title Absolute Reduction From Baseline in Nocturnal Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)/Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit 2 was carried out prior to randomization and the first dose of the amlodipine/valsartan combination study therapy. ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Baseline (Week 0, after completion of screening period) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) -9.68  (0.74) -10.33  (0.76)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) -5.01  (0.46) -6.3  (0.47)
4.Secondary Outcome
Title Absolute Reduction From Baseline in 24-hour Mean Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit 2 was carried out prior to randomization and the first dose of the amlodipine/valsartan combination study therapy. ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Baseline (Week 0, after completion of screening period) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
-6.53  (0.42) -6.79  (0.43)
5.Secondary Outcome
Title Absolute Reduction From Baseline in 6-hour Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)/Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit 2 was carried out prior to randomization and the first dose of the amlodipine/valsartan combination study therapy. ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Baseline (Week 0, after completion of screening period) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) -12.16  (0.88) -11.37  (0.90)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) -7.71  (0.59) -7.01  (0.60)
6.Secondary Outcome
Title Mean Seated Systolic Blood Pressure (msSBP)/Mean Seated Diastolic Blood Pressure (msDBP) Variation Between Week 0 and Week 8 in Office Blood Pressure
Hide Description At each of the office visits, blood pressure was recorded in the morning between 08.00 and 11.00, before any antihypertensive treatment was taken. The patient remained in a sitting position for five minutes; the investigator then took three blood pressure and one pulse rate reading. The measurements were recorded at 1-2 minute intervals. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Baseline (Week 0, after completion of screening period) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 231 232
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) -18.7  (0.9) -17.3  (0.9)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) -10.1  (0.6) -8.6  (0.7)
7.Secondary Outcome
Title Mean Seated Systolic Blood Pressure (msSBP)/Mean Seated Diastolic Blood Pressure (msDBP) Variation Between Week -4 to Week 8 in Office Blood Pressure
Hide Description At each of the office visits, blood pressure was recorded in the morning between 08.00 and 11.00, before any antihypertensive treatment was taken. The patient remained in a sitting position for five minutes; the investigator then took three blood pressure and one pulse rate reading. The measurements were recorded at 1-2 minute intervals. Covariates included baseline level, country, up-titration + treatment*country and treatment*up-titration interactions in case statistically significant at a 0.10 level.
Time Frame Screening visit (Week -4, prior to 4-week open-label screening phase) and Week 8 (after 8 weeks of combination therapy)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 231 232
Mean (Standard Error)
Unit of Measure: mmHg
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) -32.2  (1.1) -29  (1.2)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) -16.6  (0.8) -14.3  (0.8)
8.Secondary Outcome
Title Percentage of Participants With 24-hour Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)/Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) < 125/80 mmHg at Endpoint With Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken.
Time Frame Visit 4 (week 8)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Measure Type: Number
Unit of Measure: Percentage of Participants
47.6 46.9
9.Secondary Outcome
Title Percentage of Participants With Diurnal Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)/Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) < 135/85 mmHg at Endpoint With Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken.
Time Frame Visit 4 (week 8)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Measure Type: Number
Unit of Measure: Percentage of Participants
65.3 58.2
10.Secondary Outcome
Title Percentage of Participants With Nocturnal Mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)/Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) < 120/70 mmHg at Endpoint With Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Hide Description Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) over a 30-hour period was carried out in all patients at two visits during the study, 72 hours before visit 2 (baseline) and visit 4 (week 8). ABPM for visit four began after 12 weeks of treatment and before the last office blood pressure was taken.
Time Frame Visit 4 (week 8)
Hide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description:
After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Measure Type: Number
Unit of Measure: Percentage of participants
41.3 46.8
11.Secondary Outcome
Title Percentage of Participants With Controlled Office Mean Seated Systolic Blood Pressure (msSBP)/Mean Seated Diastolic Blood Pressure (msDBP) at Endpoint
Hide Description At each of the office visits, blood pressure was recorded in the morning between 08.00 and 11.00, before any antihypertensive treatment was taken. The patient remained in a sitting position for 5 minutes; the investigator then took 3 blood pressure and 1 pulse rate reading. The measurements were recorded at 1-2 minute intervals. BP Control is defined as msSBP/msDBP <149/90 mmHg and/or <130/80 mmHg if diabetes or renal insufficiency (RI).
Time Frame Visit 4 (week 8)
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Hide Analysis Population Description
The Intent-to-treat (ITT) population included all patients randomized and treated in the study and for whom two Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) evaluations are available.
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
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After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 242 237
Measure Type: Number
Unit of Measure: Percentage of participants
71.1 72.6
Time Frame [Not Specified]
Adverse Event Reporting Description [Not Specified]
 
Arm/Group Title Morning Intake Evening Intake
Hide Arm/Group Description After randomization, participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the morning between 6-10 am. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study. After randomization participants received a single daily oral dose of 5 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan free combination therapy, taken in the evening between 6-10 pm. At week 4, uncontrolled patients (msSBP >= 140 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 90 mmHg or msSBP >= 130 mmHg and/or msDBP >= 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency measured by using conventional methods) received amlodipine/valsartan 10/160 mg for 4 additional weeks. Patients who were controlled at Week 4 (msSBP < 140 mmHg and msDBP < 90 mmHg or msSBP < 130 mmHg and msDBP < 80 mmHg in the case of diabetes or renal insufficiency) continued their amlodipine/valsartan 5/160 mg treatment for the remaining 4 weeks of the study.
All-Cause Mortality
Morning Intake Evening Intake
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   --/--   --/-- 
Show Serious Adverse Events Hide Serious Adverse Events
Morning Intake Evening Intake
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   2/278 (0.72%)   2/268 (0.75%) 
Cardiac disorders     
Atrial fibrillation  1  1/278 (0.36%)  0/268 (0.00%) 
Atrioventricular block  1  0/278 (0.00%)  1/268 (0.37%) 
Bradycardia  1  0/278 (0.00%)  1/268 (0.37%) 
Palpitations  1  1/278 (0.36%)  1/268 (0.37%) 
Sinus tachycardia  1  0/278 (0.00%)  1/268 (0.37%) 
Metabolism and nutrition disorders     
Hyperglycaemia  1  1/278 (0.36%)  0/268 (0.00%) 
Nervous system disorders     
Syncope  1  1/278 (0.36%)  0/268 (0.00%) 
Psychiatric disorders     
Stress  1  1/278 (0.36%)  0/268 (0.00%) 
Renal and urinary disorders     
Renal impairment  1  0/278 (0.00%)  1/268 (0.37%) 
Indicates events were collected by systematic assessment
1
Term from vocabulary, MedDRA
Show Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events Hide Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events
Frequency Threshold for Reporting Other Adverse Events 5%
Morning Intake Evening Intake
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   0/278 (0.00%)   0/268 (0.00%) 
Certain Agreements
Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
There IS an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.
The terms and conditions of Novartis' agreements with its investigators may vary. However, Novartis does not prohibit any investigator from publishing. Any publications from a single-site are postponed until the publication of the pooled data (i.e., data from all sites) in the clinical trial; or publication of the trial results in their entirety.
Results Point of Contact
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Name/Title: Study Director
Organization: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Phone: 862-778-8300
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Responsible Party: External Affairs, Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00700271     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CVAA489AFR01
First Submitted: December 11, 2007
First Posted: June 18, 2008
Results First Submitted: December 15, 2010
Results First Posted: January 6, 2011
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2011