The primary outcome was progression free survival from specific breast cancer from patients with BC and TP53 mutation versus BC and no pathogenic variants documented in genetic test. We proposed 45 cases TP53 pathogenic carriers and breast cancer diagnosed for each case included we will be selected 2 controls resulting in 90 control patients, for control are estimated with the same age (range 10 years), staging and immunohistochemistry subtype with no documented pathogenic variants in genetic test. With a sample of 135 patients with distribution 2:1, considering a two-tailed alpha of 5%, the study will have 80% power to identify a hazard hatio of 0.62 in the comparison of progression-free survival between the groups.
Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize clinical characteristics and treatments performed. Continuous variables may be compared between groups using T Student test or Mann-Whitney test, in the case of normal and non-normal data distribution, respectively. Categorical variables may be compared between groups using the Fisher exact test.
Progression-free survival will be estimated from the date of breast cancer diagnosis until the date of progression or date of recurrence (in cases of localized disease treated) of breast cancer. Death will not be considered as an event for progression-free survival, since patients with PV TP53 may have an increased risk of deaths from other neoplasms. The breast cancer specific survival will be estimated from the date of diagnosis of breast cancer until the date of death from the breast cancer. Patients without the specific events will be censored on the date of last follow-up.
The Kaplan-Meyer method will be used for survival estimates, comparing survival curves with log-rank testing. The Cox regression model will be used for hazard-ratio calculation and 95% confidence-interval. P value less than 0.05 will be considered statistically significant. Statistical analyses will be performed through Stata program, version 15.1 (StataCorp, Texas, USA).