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A Study of Sotatercept in Participants With PAH WHO FC III or FC IV at High Risk of Mortality (MK-7962-006/ZENITH) (ZENITH)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04896008
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 21, 2021
Last Update Posted : December 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Acceleron Pharma Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 13, 2021
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 21, 2021
Last Update Posted Date December 28, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE December 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 30, 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 30, 2022)
Time to First Confirmed Morbidity or Mortality Event [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 46 months ]
Events are defined as all-cause death, lung transplantation, or PAH worsening-related hospitalization of ≥ 24 hours. All events will be adjudicated by a blinded, independent committee of clinical experts.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 17, 2021)
Time to first confirmed morbidity or mortality event. [ Time Frame: From randomization to first event, up to approximately 46 months. ]
Events are defined as all-cause death, lung transplantation, or PAH worsening-related hospitalization of ≥ 24 hours. All events will be adjudicated by a blinded, independent committee of clinical experts.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 30, 2022)
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 46 months ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause.
  • Transplant-Free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 46 months ]
    Transplant-free survival is defined as the time from randomization to the first lung transplantation or death due to any cause.
  • Percentage of Participants Who Experienced a Mortality Event [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 46 months ]
    Mortality event is defined as death due to any cause throughout the study.
  • Change From Baseline in REVEAL Lite 2 Risk Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The REVEAL Lite 2 uses renal insufficiency (by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)), World Health Organization (WHO) functional class (FC), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate, 6-Minute Walk Distance (6-MWD), and N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) to determine the total risk score. The scores (range: 1-14) can be defined as: low risk as a score of ≤5, intermediate risk as a score of 6 or 7, and high risk as a score of ≥8 for the survival rates.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a Low or Intermediate (≤7) REVEAL Lite 2 Risk Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The REVEAL Lite 2 uses renal insufficiency (eGFR), WHO FC, SBP and heart rate, 6-MWD, and NT-proBNP to determine the total risk score. The scores (range: 1-14) can be defined as: low risk as a score of ≤5, intermediate risk as a score of 6 or 7, and high risk as a score of ≥8 for the survival rates.
  • Change From Baseline in NT-proBNP levels at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Blood samples will be collected at baseline and at Week 24 to measure NT-proBNP levels.
  • Change From Baseline in Mean Pulmonary Artery Pressure (mPAP) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    mPAP was measured by right heart catheterization (RHC) at baseline and at Week 24. mPAP is a hemodynamic parameter used to diagnose PAH.
  • Change From Baseline in Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    PVR is a hemodynamic variable measured by RHC at baseline and at Week 24.
  • Percentage of Participants Who Improve in WHO FC [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 46 months ]
    The severity of an individual's PAH symptoms was graded using the WHO FC system. WHO functional classification for PAH range from Class I (no limitation in physical activity, no dyspnea with normal activity), Class II (slight limitation of physical activity), Class III (marked limitation of physical activity) and Class IV (cannot perform a physical activity without any symptoms, dyspnea at rest). The change from baseline in WHO FC is classified into "Improved", "No change" and "Worsened". Improvement = reduction in FC, worsened = increase in FC and no change = no change in FC.
  • Change From Baseline in 6-MWD at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    6-MWD is a measure of exercise capacity.
  • Change From Baseline in Cardiac Output (CO) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    CO is the volume of blood pumped by the heart per minute.
  • Change From Baseline in EuroQoL-5 Dimensions Scale 5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) Index Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    EQ-5D-5L measures health outcome. It consists of of descriptive system and EQ visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS). EQ-5D-5L system has 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each dimension is divided into 5 levels of perceived problems (Level 1-no problem, Level 2-slight problems, Level 3-moderate problems, Level 4-severe problems, Level 5-extreme problems). Participant selects answer for each of 5 dimensions considering response that best matches his/her health "today". Responses will be used to generate an index score.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 17, 2021)
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Through study completion, estimated up to 46 months ]
    Time from randomization to death from any cause.
  • Transplant-free survival. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, estimated up to 46 months ]
    Time from randomization to lung transplantation or death from any cause.
  • Proportion of participants who experienced a mortality event. [ Time Frame: Through study completion, estimated up to 46 months ]
    Death from any cause is tracked throughout the study.
  • Change from baseline in REVEAL Lite 2 risk score. [ Time Frame: From screening to Week 24. ]
    REVEAL Lite 2 risk score in each participant was measured at Week 24 versus baseline.
  • Proportion of participants achieving a low or intermediate (≤ 7) REVEAL Lite 2 risk score at Week 24. [ Time Frame: From screening to Week 24. ]
    REVEAL Lite 2 risk score in each participant was measured at Week 24.
  • Change from baseline in NT-proBNP levels. [ Time Frame: From screening to Week 24. ]
    NT-proBNP was measured at baseline and Week 24.
  • Change from baseline in mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) at Week 24. [ Time Frame: From screening to Week 24. ]
    mPAP was measured by right heart catheterization (RHC) during screening and Week 24.
  • Change from baseline in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). [ Time Frame: From screening to Week 24. ]
    PVR is a hemodynamic variable measured by RHC during screening and Week 24.
  • Proportion of participants who improve in WHO FC. [ Time Frame: From randomization to the end of the double-blind, placebo-controlled (DBPC) treatment period (EOT). ]
    The severity of an individual's PAH symptoms was graded using the WHO FC system at baseline and at the end of treatment (EOT).
  • Change from baseline in 6MWD. [ Time Frame: From randomization to Week 24. ]
    6-minute walk test is a clinical exercise test to assess the functional capacity. 6MWD at baseline and Week 24 were measured.
  • Change from baseline in cardiac output (CO) at Week 24. [ Time Frame: From screening to Week 24. ]
    CO is a component of the PVR calculation, and reduced CO reflects increased risk of morbidity and mortality.
  • Change from baseline in EuroQoL-5 dimensions scale 5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) index score at Week 24. [ Time Frame: From randomization to Week 24. ]
    EQ 5D 5L index score measures health-related quality of life states in adults. The EQ 5D 5L questionnaire is designed for self-completion and captures information directly from the respondent. EQ 5D 5L index scores at baseline and Week 24 were measured.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study of Sotatercept in Participants With PAH WHO FC III or FC IV at High Risk of Mortality (MK-7962-006/ZENITH)
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate Sotatercept When Added to Maximum Tolerated Background Therapy in Participants With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) World Health Organization (WHO) Functional Class (FC) III or FC IV at High Risk Mortality
Brief Summary The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of sotatercept (MK-7962, formerly called ACE-011) treatment (plus maximum tolerated background pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) therapy) versus placebo (plus maximum tolerated background PAH therapy) on time to first event of all cause death, lung transplantation, or PAH worsening-related hospitalization of ≥24 hours, in participants with World Health Organization (WHO) functional class (FC) III or FC IV PAH at high risk of mortality.
Detailed Description

This is a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate sotatercept when added to maximum tolerated background PAH therapy on time to first event of all-cause death, lung transplantation, or PAH worsening related hospitalization of ≥24 hours, in participants with WHO FC IV PAH or WHO FC III PAH at high risk of mortality.

Participants with symptomatic PAH (WHO FC III or FC IV at high risk of mortality) who present with idiopathic or heritable PAH, PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (CTD), drug- or toxin-induced, post-shunt correction PAH, or PAH presenting at least 1 year following the correction of congenital heart defect. Participants must have a Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-Term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL) Lite 2 risk score of ≥9 and be on maximum tolerated combination background PAH therapy.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Each eligible participant will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to 1 of the following 2 treatment arms during the double-blind placebo-controlled (DBPC) Treatment Period:

  • Arm 1: Placebo administered subcutaneously (SC) every 21 days plus background PAH therapy
  • Arm 2: Sotatercept at a starting dose of 0.3 mg/kg, with a target dose of 0.7 mg/kg, SC every 21 days plus background PAH therapy
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Sotatercept
    Sotatercept is a recombinant fusion protein consisting of the extracellular domain of the human activin receptor type IIA linked to the Fc piece of human IgG1.
    Other Names:
    • MK-7962
    • ACE-011
  • Other: Placebo
    Placebo
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo plus background PAH therapy
    Placebo administered subcutaneously (SC) every 21 days plus background PAH therapy
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
  • Experimental: Sotatercept plus background PAH therapy
    Sotatercept at a starting dose of 0.3 mg/kg, with a target dose of 0.7 mg/kg, SC every 21 days plus background PAH therapy
    Intervention: Drug: Sotatercept
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 30, 2022)
200
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 17, 2021)
166
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2026
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 30, 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented diagnostic right heart catheterization prior to screening confirming the diagnosis of World Health Organization (WHO) pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) Group 1 in any of the following subtypes:

    • Idiopathic PAH
    • Heritable PAH
    • Drug/toxin-induced PAH
    • PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (CTD)
    • PAH associated with simple, congenital systemic to pulmonary shunts at least 1 year following repair
  • Symptomatic PAH classified as WHO functional class (FC) III or IV
  • Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-Term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL) Lite 2 risk score of ≥9
  • Right heart catheterization performed during screening (or within 2 weeks prior to screening, if done at the clinical study site) documenting a minimum pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) of ≥5 Wood units and a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) or left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) of ≤15 mmHg
  • Clinically stable and on stable doses of maximum tolerated (per investigator's judgment) double or triple background PAH therapies for at least 30 days prior to screening
  • Females of childbearing potential must:

    • Have 2 negative urine or serum pregnancy tests as verified by the investigator prior to starting study therapy; must agree to ongoing urine or serum pregnancy testing during the course of the study and until 8 weeks after the last dose of the study drug
    • If sexually active with a male partner, have used, and agree to use highly effective contraception without interruption per protocol; for at least 28 days prior to starting the investigational product, during the study (including dose interruptions), and for 16 weeks (112 days) after discontinuation of study treatment
    • Refrain from breastfeeding a child or donating blood, eggs, or ovum for the duration of the study and for at least 16 weeks (112 days) after the last dose of study treatment
  • Male participants must:

    • Agree to use a condom, defined as a male latex condom or nonlatex condom NOT made out of natural (animal) membrane (e.g., polyurethane), during sexual contact with a pregnant female or a female of childbearing potential while participating in the study, during dose interruptions, and for at least 16 weeks (112 days) following investigational product discontinuation, even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy
    • Refrain from donating blood or sperm for the duration of the study and for 16 weeks (112 days) after the last dose of study treatment
  • Ability to adhere to study visit schedule and understand and comply with all protocol requirements
  • Ability to understand and provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of PAH WHO Groups 2, 3, 4, or 5
  • Diagnosis of the following PAH Group 1 subtypes: human immunodeficiency virus-associated PAH and PAH associated with portal hypertension
  • Diagnosis of pulmonary veno-occlusive diseases or pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis or overt signs of capillary and/or venous involvement
  • Hemoglobin at screening above gender-specific upper limit of normal (ULN), per local laboratory test
  • Baseline platelet count <50,000/mm3 (<50.0 x 109/L) at screening
  • Baseline systolic blood pressure <85 mmHg at screening
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Serum alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase levels or total bilirubin >3.0×ULN
  • Currently enrolled in or have completed any other investigational product study within 30 days for small molecule drugs or within 5 half-lives for biologics prior to the date of signed informed consent
  • Prior exposure to sotatercept or known allergic reaction to sotatercept, its excipients or luspatercept
  • History of pneumonectomy
  • Untreated more than mild obstructive sleep apnea
  • History of known pericardial constriction
  • History of restrictive or congestive cardiomyopathy
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) with Fridericia's corrected QT interval (QTcF) >500 ms during the screening period
  • Personal or family history of long QT syndrome or sudden cardiac death
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction <45% on historical echocardiogram within 1 year prior to the screening visit
  • Any current or prior history of symptomatic coronary disease (prior myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, or cardiac anginal chest pain) in the past 6 months prior to the screening visit
  • Cerebrovascular accident within 3 months prior to the screening visit
  • Significant (≥ 2+ regurgitation) mitral regurgitation or aortic regurgitation valvular disease
  • Currently on dialysis or anticipated need for dialysis within the next 12 months
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Toll Free Number 1-888-577-8839 Trialsites@merck.com
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Belgium,   Canada,   France,   Germany,   Israel,   Italy,   Mexico,   Netherlands,   Spain,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04896008
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 7962-006
A011-14 ( Other Identifier: Acceleronpharma )
MK-7962-006 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
2021-001498-21 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Current Responsible Party Acceleron Pharma Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Acceleron Pharma Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
PRS Account Acceleron Pharma Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Merck Sharp and Dohme, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.)
Verification Date December 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP