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Biomarkers in the Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Trial (BioBOOST)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04565119
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Michigan
University of Pittsburgh
Medical University of South Carolina
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date July 1, 2020
First Posted Date September 25, 2020
Last Update Posted Date January 15, 2021
Actual Study Start Date December 20, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2026   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: September 22, 2020)
  • Peak levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) [ Time Frame: First 5 days after injury ]
    This hypothesis will be tested via linear regression model, with peak GFAP level as the response variable and hypoxia exposure as the predictor of interest. Hypoxia exposure will be defined as the depth and duration of PbtO2 < 20 mmHg during the first 48 hours of injury, quantified using area under the curve (AUC) methodology.
  • Peak levels of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) [ Time Frame: First 5 days after injury ]
    This hypothesis will be tested via linear regression model, with peak UCH-L1level as the response variable and hypoxia exposure as the predictor of interest. Hypoxia exposure will be defined as the depth and duration of PbtO2 < 20 mmHg during the first 48 hours of injury, quantified using AUC methodology.
  • Peak levels of neurofilament light chain (NfL) [ Time Frame: First 5 days after injury ]
    This hypothesis will be tested via linear regression model, with peak NfL level as the response variable and hypoxia exposure as the predictor of interest. Hypoxia exposure will be defined as the depth and duration of PbtO2 < 20 mmHg during the first 48 hours of injury, quantified using AUC methodology.
  • Peak levels of Tau [ Time Frame: First 5 days after injury ]
    This hypothesis will be tested via linear regression model, with peak Tau level as the response variable and hypoxia exposure as the predictor of interest. Hypoxia exposure will be defined as the depth and duration of PbtO2 < 20 mmHg during the first 48 hours of injury, quantified using AUC methodology.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Biomarkers in the Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Trial
Official Title Biomarkers in the Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Trial (BioBOOST)
Brief Summary BioBOOST is a multicenter, observational study of the effect of derangements in brain physiologic parameters on brain injury biomarker levels in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.
Detailed Description

This study is a prospective observational, multi-center study of subjects enrolled in the Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury-Phase 3 (BOOST-3) trial. BOOST-3 is a multicenter, randomized, blinded-endpoint, comparative effectiveness study of goal-directed critical care based upon monitoring of brain tissue oxygen and intracranial pressure versus monitoring of intracranial pressure alone in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

The investigators will obtain an initial set of biospecimens (serum, plasma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), DNA and RNA) shortly after randomization into BOOST-3 and within 24 hours of injury. Subsequent biospecimens will be obtained every 8 hours for the first 24 hours post-enrollment. This will allow the characterization of acute changes in biomarker levels. On study days 2 through 5, biospecimens will be obtained twice a day to allow characterization of sub-acute changes in biomarker levels, without overburdening study teams or taking too much blood from individual subjects. On study days 7 and 14 and at 6-months post-enrollment, one set of biospecimen will be obtained, preferably in the morning. Biospecimens collected at each time point will consist of 6 ml of whole blood for serum extraction, 6 ml of whole blood for plasma extraction, 2.5 ml of whole blood for RNA extraction (a total of 14.5 ml [one tablespoon] of blood) and 5 ml of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

BioBOOST will utilize data collected in the BOOST-3 trial. This data includes: demographic data and clinical data such as injury characteristics, vital signs, head CT findings, laboratory data and data on physiologic parameters such as intracranial pressure (ICP), partial pressure of brain tissue oxygen (PbtO2), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), among others.

BioBOOST will also utilize outcome assessment data collected from BOOST-3 participants at 6 months after injury (180 Days ± 30 days). Trained study personnel who are blinded to the treatment arm will administer the outcome assessments, which will include the measures listed below. The battery includes measures of functional status (GOSE), cognition, and emotional health. The 6-month follow-up interview will be done in person whenever possible. It may be done by telephone or video conference with participants where an in-person interview is not possible.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:
Serum/plasma and CSF samples will be analysed for simultaneous measurement of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L-1 (UCH-L1), tau, and neurofilament light chain (NF-L). These procedures will be carried out in Dr. Diaz-Arrastia's laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania, by a research scientist blinded to the clinical and physiologic data. There will be no difference in the distribution of samples by BOOST-3 treatment group. Other novel brain injury biomarkers will be assayed when they become available. Blood samples collected in the study may be used for both TBI research and the study of other medical conditions.
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population The investigators plan to enroll a maximum of 300 male and female subjects among multiple clinical sites.
Condition TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury)
Intervention Other: No intervention. This is an observational study.
There are no interventions being tested in the Bio-BOOST study.
Study Groups/Cohorts Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI)
This observational study is ancillary to the Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe TBI Phase 3 (BOOST-3) trial (NCT 03754114). All participants in Bio-BOOST are enrolled in BOOST-3.
Intervention: Other: No intervention. This is an observational study.
Publications * Okonkwo DO, Shutter LA, Moore C, Temkin NR, Puccio AM, Madden CJ, Andaluz N, Chesnut RM, Bullock MR, Grant GA, McGregor J, Weaver M, Jallo J, LeRoux PD, Moberg D, Barber J, Lazaridis C, Diaz-Arrastia RR. Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Phase-II: A Phase II Randomized Trial. Crit Care Med. 2017 Nov;45(11):1907-1914. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002619.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: September 22, 2020)
300
Original Estimated Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date December 31, 2027
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2026   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled in BOOST-3 (this is an ancillary study to the BOOST-3 trial)
  • BOOST-3 participant is enrolled at a BioBOOST site
  • Able to maintain initial blood sample within 24 hours of injury
  • Provide proxy informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Profoundly anemic (subjects who are profoundly anemic require blood transfusion)
  • Age less than 18 years
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts
Contact: Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, MD, PhD 215-662-9732 Ramon.Diaz-Arrastia@pennmedicine.upenn.edu
Contact: Cian L Dabrowski, MS 4438319047 cian.dabrowski@pennmedicine.upenn.edu
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT04565119
Other Study ID Numbers 00042151
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Non-identified IPD will be made available through the Federal Interagency TBI Research (FITBIR) Database.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Supporting Materials: Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Data will become available upon completion of the study in December of 2026.
Access Criteria: FITBIR qualified investigators will be provided access.
Responsible Party University of Pennsylvania
Study Sponsor University of Pennsylvania
Collaborators
  • University of Michigan
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • Medical University of South Carolina
Investigators Not Provided
PRS Account University of Pennsylvania
Verification Date January 2021