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Study to Assess Safety and Efficacy of Engensis in Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (REGAiN-1A)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04469270
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 22, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Helixmith Co., Ltd.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 25, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 14, 2020
Last Update Posted Date November 22, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 9, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2020)
Efficacy of Engensis compared to Placebo on painful DPN in the feet and lower legs comparing the Average Daily Pain Score from the Day 0 Visit to the Day 180 Visit on the Brief Pain Inventory for Participants with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
• The Brief Pain Inventory for Participants with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10, with a higher score representing a worse outcome of more pain.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 4, 2021)
  • Efficacy of Engensis on the worst pain in painful DPN in the feet and lower legs by comparing the change from baseline (Day 0) in the Worst Pain score from the Brief Pain Inventory for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy to Day 180 compared to Placebo [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • The Brief Pain Inventory for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (BPI-DPN) has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10, with a higher score representing a worse outcome of more pain
  • Efficacy of Engensis on reducing pain in painful DPN in the feet and lower legs by determining a ≥ 50% reduction in the Average Daily Pain Score from baseline to Day 180 using the Brief Pain Inventory for Participants with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • The Average Daily Pain Score from the Brief Pain Inventory for Participants with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10 with a higher score representing a worse outcome of more pain
  • Safety of Engensis in painful DPN in the feet and lower legs by comparing the incidence of adverse and serious adverse events, the incidence of injection site reactions, and the incidence of clinically significant laboratory values to Placebo [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • Incidence of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs)
    • Incidence of injection site reactions
    • Incidence of clinically significant laboratory values
  • To evaluate the possibility of cellular responses to Engensis [ Time Frame: 104 days ]
    • Change from baseline in the TNF-alpha, IL-1b, IFNy, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10, and IL-12p70 cytokine profile post-dose at the Day 104 visit
  • To evaluate the possibility of humoral responses to Engensis [ Time Frame: 104 days ]
    • Presence of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) antibodies
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2020)
  • Safety of Engensis in painful DPN in the feet and lower legs by comparing the incidence of adverse and serious adverse events, the incidence of injection site reactions, and the incidence of clinically significant laboratory values to Placebo [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • Incidence of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs)
    • Incidence of injection site reactions
    • Incidence of clinically significant laboratory values
  • To evaluate the possibility of cellular responses to Engensis [ Time Frame: 104 days ]
    • Change from baseline in the TNF-alpha, IL-1b, IFNy, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10, and IL-12p70 cytokine profile post-dose at the Day 104 visit
  • To evaluate the possibility of humoral responses to Engensis [ Time Frame: 104 days ]
    • Presence of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) antibodies
  • Efficacy of Engensis on the worst pain in painful DPN in the feet and lower legs by comparing the change from baseline (Day 0) in the Worst Pain score from the Brief Pain Inventory for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy to Day 180 compared to Placebo [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • The Brief Pain Inventory for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (BPI-DPN) has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10, with a higher score representing a worse outcome of more pain
  • Efficacy of Engensis on reducing pain in painful DPN in the feet and lower legs by determining a ≥ 50% reduction in the Average Daily Pain Score from baseline to Day 180 using the Brief Pain Inventory for Participants with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • The Average Daily Pain Score from the Brief Pain Inventory for Participants with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10 with a higher score representing a worse outcome of more pain
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: July 8, 2020)
  • To determine whether IM administration of Engensis has the potential for disease modification by measuring the improvement in Bedside Sensory Testing at Day 180 compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • The Bedside Sensory Testing scale has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10 with a higher score representing a better outcome
  • To determine whether IM administration of Engensis has the potential for improving quality of life, sensation, proprioception, and deep tendon reflexes by measuring the improvement in Bedside Sensory Testing at Day 180 compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    • The Bedside Sensory Testing scale has a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 10 with a higher score representing a better outcome
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study to Assess Safety and Efficacy of Engensis in Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
Official Title  ICMJE An Adaptive, Phase 3, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Engensis in Participants With Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intramuscular (IM) administration of Engensis on pain in participants with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the feet and lower legs, as compared to Placebo, as a second Phase 3, well controlled study, sufficient in supporting the efficacy and safety of Engensis.
Detailed Description

Overall Design VMDN-003-2 is an adaptive Phase 3, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study designed to assess the efficacy and safety of Engensis (containing the active pharmaceutical ingredient VM202) in Participants with painful DPN. Following completion of the informed consent process, Screening activities (during 45 days [from Day -52 to Day -7] prior to Day 0) will determine which Participants meet all-but-one eligibility criteria, which are assessed by an adjudication procedure, followed by completion of a 7-day eDiary prior to Day 0. Eligible participants will be enrolled and randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion and in a 1:1 ratio on Day 0 to either Engensis or Placebo. During Screening, medical history and familial cancer history, demographics, vital signs, height, body mass index (BMI), waist size, physical examination, retinal fundoscopy (by an ophthalmologist), 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), ultrasound of the right and left gastrocnemius muscles (to guide IM Study Injections), laboratory assessments, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), HBA1c levels, viral screening, a record of all concomitant medications and procedures, urine drug analysis, and urine pregnancy test for females of childbearing potential will be conducted. In addition, the following procedures will be conducted during Screening: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Accurate Pain Reporting (APR) and Placebo Response Reduction (PRR), Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI), and cancer screening tests.

During 7 days before Day 0 and randomization, Participants must complete the full Brief Pain Inventory for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (BPI-DPN) on an eDiary for determining the Average Daily Pain Scores (ADPSs) for at least 5 out of the 7 days. Adverse event (AE) assessments will start upon completion of the consent process at the start of Screening.

At any time prior to dosing on Day 0, Bedside Sensory Testing (BST) should be administered.

Following randomization, and prior to the first IM injections of Engensis or Placebo on Day 0, the partial BPI-DPN, , and quality of life instruments will be completed. Blood will be collected for testing of selected cytokines, anti-HGF antibodies, and laboratory assessments.

All Participants will receive sixteen (16) 0.5-mL IM injections of Engensis or Placebo in each calf gastrocnemius muscle at each of two Visits during two Treatment Cycles: Treatment Cycle 1 on Day 0 and Day 14, and Treatment Cycle 2 on Day 90 and Day 104. At 2 hours (± 1 hour) after completion of IM injections of Engensis or Placebo on Days 0 and 14 and Days 90 and 104, vital signs and blood draw for cytokine levels will be performed. Treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) assessment, including injection site reactions, will start as of randomization (Day 0) and continue throughout the study. Follow-up Study Visits will be conducted on Days 28, 60, 150, and 180 or early termination (ET). Vital signs will be recorded at all Study Visits. At the Day 180 Visit (end of study), the following assessments will be conducted: the full BPI-DPN (performed for 7 days prior to the Day 180 Visit), MNSI, BST, Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC), and the quality of life assessments (36-item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36] and EuroQol Health Utilities Index [EQ-5D]), urine drug analysis, retinal fundoscopy, physical examination, concomitant medications and procedures, and anti-HGF antibodies. Blood will be drawn for determination of serum chemistry, lipid profile, pregnancy status, hematology, and HbA1c levels. The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of Engensis compared to Placebo as measured by changes in the means of the Average Daily Pain Scores (ADPSs) of the full BPI-DPN, selected blood cytokines, BST, and assessments of injection site reactions, physical examination, laboratory assessments, vital signs, TEAEs, and serious adverse events (SAEs).

Study and Treatment Duration:

Screening will occur up to 52 days prior to Baseline (Day 0) and Participants will be followed from Day 0, the day of first Study Injections, to Day 180/ET.

Visit Frequency:

Consented Participants will be seen and evaluated for enrollment during Screening (up to 52 days prior to Baseline, Day 0). There are 8 visits to the Clinical Site during the study from Day 0 to Day 180 for Study Injections and follow-up.

Intervention Groups and Duration:

Two treatment groups of Participants (Engensis or Placebo) will be in the study for 180 days.

Number of Participants (N = 152 to approximately 250):

The target sample size is a minimum of 152 Participants and the maximum sample size is 250 Participants based on the proposed adaptive design analysis. The final sample size of Participants to be enrolled and evaluated will be determined by the independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC). An interim analysis will be conducted after approximately 50% of Participants in the target sample (i.e., 76 Participants) have completed the primary efficacy endpoint at Day 180 or have withdrawn prematurely. The DMC will make a recommendation based on an unblinded (comparative) power analysis.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Diabetic Neuropathy, Painful
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Engensis
    Intramuscular injections
  • Other: Placebo
    Intramuscular injections
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Engensis
    16 (ea) 0.25mg (0.5 mL) injections in each of the right and left gastrocnemius muscles on Days 0, 14, 90, and 104.
    Intervention: Biological: Engensis
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    16 0.5 mL injections in each of the right and left gastrocnemius muscles on Days 0, 14, 90, and 104.
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2020)
152
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Male or female participants age ≥ 18 years at time of completion of the informed consent process
  2. Type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and on current Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2020 optimal guideline-directed medical therapy in participants (including vaccine recommendations if possible), AND without unstable diabetes or significant medical problems, such as progressive end-organ disease, within 3 months of or during Screening, in the judgment of the Investigator
  3. Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of ≤ 10.0% using the first assessment collected during Screening
  4. Documented diagnosis of bilateral painful DPN in both lower extremities at least 6 months prior to Screening
  5. An Average Daily Pain Score ≥ 4 (standard deviation ≥ 0.3 and ≤ 1.5) that is completed during the 7 days prior to randomization (Day 0)
  6. The physical examination component of the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI) score of ≥ 2.5
  7. If on medication for painful DPN (other than gabapentin or pregabalin), must be on a stable dose defined as < 50% change in total dose over 3 months prior to completion of informed consent process
  8. Male participants and their female partners must agree to use double-barrier contraception during the study or provide proof of postmenopausal state (minimum 1 year) or surgical sterility
  9. Male participants must not donate sperm during the study
  10. Female participants must be nonpregnant, nonlactating, and either postmenopausal for at least 1 year, or surgically sterile for at least 3 months, or agree to use double barrier contraception from 28 days prior to randomization and/or their last confirmed menstrual period prior to study randomization (whichever is longer) until the end of the study
  11. Capable and willing to comply with the requirements and restrictions of the protocol and informed consent form
  12. Able to complete all screening activities within 45 days of signing the informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Other sources of pain that would prevent accurate assessment of DPN pain (e.g., thoracic and/or lumbar root proximal neuropathy, mononeuritis multiplex)
  2. Peripheral neuropathy caused by a condition other than diabetes: e.g., anatomic (sciatic nerve compression), systemic (monoclonal gammopathy), metabolic (thyroid disease), and toxic (alcohol use) neuropathies
  3. Has taken gabapentin or pregabalin during 30 days before completion of informed consent process or will take at any time during the study
  4. Progressive or degenerative neurological disorder, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, vascular dementia, multiple sclerosis, or other neurological disorders determined by the Investigator to preclude participation
  5. Symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) or PAD requiring revascularization and/or that may interfere with the conduct of the study
  6. Vasculitis, such as from Buerger's or other disease
  7. Systolic blood pressure >180 mm Hg on tolerable doses of standard antihypertensive medications at Screening determined by the Investigator to preclude participation
  8. Hyperlipidemia or dyslipidemia not being treated with an optimal treatment regimen that follows the Standards of Care for hyperlipidemic/dyslipidemic patients with DM
  9. Class 3 or 4 heart failure
  10. Symptomatic bradycardia or untreated high degree atrioventricular block
  11. Stroke or cerebrovascular accident or myocardial infarction within 3 months before Screening
  12. eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2
  13. Progressive renal dysfunction, defined as a decrease in eGFR to chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stage 1, 2, or 3 in the past 6 months before Screening
  14. Ophthalmologic conditions pertinent to signs or symptoms of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) or other ocular conditions that preclude standard ophthalmologic examination
  15. Myopathy (e.g., Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy, polymyositis)
  16. Any prior or planned lower extremity amputation (excluding toe amputations) due to diabetic complications or prior lower leg injury (e.g., scarring, muscle atrophy) in the calf area (gastrocnemius) that would significantly reduce the surface area of the skin or amount of intact skeletal muscle required for the 16 treatment injections of Engensis
  17. Active infection requiring antimicrobial agent(s) (chronic infection or severe active infection that may compromise the Participant's well-being or participation in the study, in the Investigator's judgment)
  18. Chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis)
  19. Immunosuppression due to underlying disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus) or to currently receiving immunosuppressive drugs, (e.g., chemotherapy, corticosteroids) or to radiation therapy
  20. Participants requiring chronic oral or injectable steroids and unwilling to refrain from taking these drugs for the duration of the study
  21. Participants with a family medical history of 2 or more first-degree relatives (parent, sibling, child) diagnosed to have the same type of cancer - breast cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, endometrial cancer, lung cancer, or prostate cancer, or with a family medical history of Lynch syndrome (hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer) in any first-degree relative; or who show positive results during cancer screening
  22. Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) I/II test at Screening
  23. Participants who have not been cancer-free for ≥ 5 years with the following exceptions (not excluded): Participants with in-situ basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma
  24. Participants with a prior history of stem cell transplant for cancer no matter how long they have been cancer-free
  25. Active acute or chronic hepatitis B
  26. Active hepatitis C
  27. Clinically significant laboratory values or current medical conditions during Screening that, in the judgment of the Investigator, should be exclusionary
  28. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score of ≥ 15 on either subscale
  29. History of drug abuse (the habitual taking of addictive or illegal drugs) in the past 3 months and positive for Drugs of Abuse, with the exception of cannabis, during Screening
  30. Participants unwilling to discontinue their use of the following during Screening at least 7 days before starting eDiary entries and not use any of the following during the study:

    • skeletal muscle relaxants
    • opioids
    • transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
    • acupuncture
    • benzodiazepines (other than stable bedtime dose)
    • injectable or oral steroids
  31. Participants not on a stable dose and not willing to remain on a stable dose during the study for the following drugs:

    • antidepressants
    • antiepileptics
    • duloxetine
  32. Participants currently using the following medications and unwilling to discontinue topical use on the lower legs and feet and throughout the study:

    • capsaicin
    • anesthetic creams (except during Study Injections)
    • anesthetic patches
    • ISDN spray
  33. Use of an investigational drug or treatment in past 30 days or previous participation in a clinical study with Engensis
  34. Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 42 kg/m2
  35. Recent treatment for COVID-19 with ongoing sequelae
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Jennifer Guzman 858-428-1225 ClinicalTrials@Helixmith.com
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04469270
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE VMDN-003-2
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Helixmith Co., Ltd.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Helixmith Co., Ltd.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Helixmith Co., Ltd.
Verification Date November 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP