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Autonomic Regulation of Blood Pressure in Premature and Early Menopausal Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04439370
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date October 28, 2019
First Posted Date June 19, 2020
Last Update Posted Date September 27, 2021
Actual Study Start Date October 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 1, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: June 17, 2020)
  • Muscle Sympathetic Nerve Activity (MSNA) (bursts per minute) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is a measurement of sympathetic activity. This is measured by two small needles are inserted behind or on the side of the knee, one needle is an acupuncture needle and one needle is a small recording microelectrode (same size as the acupuncture needle). Outcome will be reported in units of bursts per minute.
  • Muscle Sympathetic Nerve Activity (MSNA) (bursts/100 heart beats) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is a measurement of sympathetic activity. This is measured by two small needles are inserted behind or on the side of the knee, one needle is an acupuncture needle and one needle is a small recording microelectrode (same size as the acupuncture needle). Outcome will be reported in units of bursts per 100 heart beats.
  • Cardiac baroreflex sensitivity [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Baroreflex sensitivity will be derived from electrocardiogram measurements and blood pressure measurements during the baseline rest period and by performing a modified valsalva maneuver which involves exhaling against 30-40 mmHg of pressure over 15 seconds after a normal inhalation. Outcome will be reported in units as ms/mmHg.
  • Sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Baroreflex sensitivity will be derived from electrocardiogram measurements and blood pressure measurements during the baseline rest period and by performing a modified valsalva maneuver which involves exhaling against 30-40 mmHg of pressure over 15 seconds after a normal inhalation. Outcome will be reported in units of MSNA bursts/mmHg.
  • Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Blood pressure is measured using a non-invasive blood pressure cuff secured to the middle or ring finger and reported in units of mmHg.
  • Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Blood pressure is measured using a non-invasive blood pressure cuff secured to the middle or ring finger and reported in units of mmHg.
  • Mean Arterial Blood Pressure (mmHg) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Blood pressure is measured using a non-invasive blood pressure cuff secured to the middle or ring finger and reported in units of mmHg.
  • Heart Rate (beats/min) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Heart rate will be measured with a three-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and reported in units of beats/min.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: June 17, 2020)
  • Respiratory Rate (breaths/min) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Respiratory rate will be measured with a belt placed around the stomach and reported in units of breaths-per-minute.
  • Heart Rate Variability (frequency) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Heart rate variability will be measured using electrocardiogram and reported in units of Hertz.
  • Heart Rate Variability (time) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Heart rate variability will be measured using electrocardiogram and reported in units of milliseconds.
  • Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Participants will be asked to rate their perceived exertion using the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion scale. Scores range from 6-20 with higher scores indicating greater exertion.
  • Numerical Pain Scale Rating [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    Participants will be asked to rate pain on a scale from 0 to 10. Higher scores indicate greater pain.
  • Blood Levels: Estrogens-E1 [ Time Frame: 75 minutes ]
    Serum concentration of estrogen-E1 will be reported in units of ng/ml.
  • Blood Levels: Estrogen-E2 [ Time Frame: 75 minutes ]
    Serum concentration of estrogen-E2 will be reported in units of ng/ml.
  • Blood Levels: Progesterone [ Time Frame: 75 minutes ]
    Serum concentration of progesterone will be reported in units of ng/ml.
  • Blood Levels: Testosterone [ Time Frame: 75 minutes ]
    Serum concentration of testosterone will be reported in units of ng/ml.
  • Blood Levels: Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) [ Time Frame: 75 minutes ]
    Serum concentration of FSH will be reported in units of IU/L.
  • Upper extremity fatiguing contraction with post exercise circulatory occlusion (PECO) [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    This test involves holding a hand grip device at 30% of the participant's maximum hand grip strength until they fatigue. At the end of this test a blood pressure cuff is inflated for two minutes. The outcome measurements are the total change in systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure from rest as well as how much blood pressure changes every 15 seconds. The measurement units are the change in blood pressure in mmHg.
  • Cold Pressor Test [ Time Frame: 3 hours ]
    The cold pressor test is done by placing the participant's hand in a bucket of ice-cold water for 2 minutes. The outcome measurements are the total change in systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure from rest as well as how much blood pressure changes every 15 seconds. The measurement units are the change in blood pressure in mmHg.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Autonomic Regulation of Blood Pressure in Premature and Early Menopausal Women
Official Title Autonomic Regulation of Blood Pressure in Premature and Early Menopausal Women
Brief Summary This is a cross-sectional study in which the investigators will determine the impact of premature/early menopause on MSNA, BP and baroreflex sensitivity in younger (≤49 yr old) and older (≥50 yr old) women. Specifically, aim one will determine mechanisms driving autonomic dysregulation of BP in premature and early menopausal women and aim two will determine mechanisms driving autonomic dysregulation of BP in older menopausal women. The study design outlined below will permit testing of aim one and aim two.
Detailed Description

Aim One: Determine mechanisms driving autonomic dysregulation of blood pressure (BP) in premature and early menopausal women. Because sympathetic activity and baroreflex function are important contributors for autonomic support of BP regulation, these two mechanisms will be assessed in premature and early menopausal women who are ≤49 yr old. To specifically identify the influence of menopause, these women will be compared to age-matched premenopausal women. The primary hypothesis is that there is greater resting sympathetic activity and blunted baroreflex function in premature and early menopausal women compared with age-matched premenopausal women. The secondary hypothesis is that BP and sympathetic reactivity will be greater in premature and early menopausal compared with age-matched premenopausal women when the sympathetic nervous system is challenged with a stressor.

Aim Two: Determine mechanisms driving autonomic dysregulation of BP in older menopausal women. Because older age contributes to risk of CVD, it is imperative to assess the long-term effects of premature and early menopause in older (≥50 yr) women. To determine the impact of the premature loss of sex hormones on cardiovascular physiology, women whom have lived without functioning ovaries for >10 yr will be compared to age-matched women who entered menopause at a typical age. The primary hypothesis is that resting sympathetic activity is greater and baroreflex function is attenuated in women who experience premature or early menopause compared with typically-aged menopausal women. The secondary hypothesis is that BP and sympathetic reactivity will be greater in premature and early compared with typically-aged menopausal women when the sympathetic nervous system is challenged with a stressor.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Probability Sample
Study Population Two scenarios of recruiting and enrolling premature/early menopausal females have been determined. 1) Enroll participants prior to starting MHT and/or 2) for patients already taking prescribed MHT, a standard protocol has been developed with Dr. Torkelson on guidelines for enrolling these participants. This includes a baseline estradiol (E2) blood draw, then in coordination with the participant and their physician, the participant will stop taking MHT. Estradiol will be tested every two weeks, up to 3 times (6 weeks). When estradiol is <30 pg/ml for two weeks, participants will be enrolled in the study and can commence MHT immediately upon completion of study visit.
Condition
  • Hypertension
  • Menopause, Premature
  • Menopause
  • Blood Pressure
Intervention
  • Diagnostic Test: Microneurography to measure muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)
    Microneurography is a direct measurement of electrical activity of peripheral sympathetic nerves
  • Diagnostic Test: Baroreflex sensitivity testing
    Two arms of the baroreflex that will be tested in this study are sympathetic and cardiovagal. Static baroreflex is tested during baseline resting conditions and dynamic baroreflex is tested during Valsalva maneuvers.
  • Diagnostic Test: Sympathoexcitatory Maneuvers
    Cold Pressor Test (CPT) and Upper extremity fatiguing contraction with post exercise circulatory occlusion (PECO) will be performed
  • Diagnostic Test: Blood tests
    Serum FSH, estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone will be measured
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Aim 1: Postmenopausal Women
    Participants in this group are postmenopausal women.
    Interventions:
    • Diagnostic Test: Microneurography to measure muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)
    • Diagnostic Test: Baroreflex sensitivity testing
    • Diagnostic Test: Sympathoexcitatory Maneuvers
    • Diagnostic Test: Blood tests
  • Aim 1: Premenopausal Women
    Participants in this group are premenopausal women.
    Interventions:
    • Diagnostic Test: Microneurography to measure muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)
    • Diagnostic Test: Baroreflex sensitivity testing
    • Diagnostic Test: Sympathoexcitatory Maneuvers
    • Diagnostic Test: Blood tests
  • Aim 2: Premature/Early Menopause
    Participants in this group women who experienced premature or early menopause.
    Interventions:
    • Diagnostic Test: Microneurography to measure muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)
    • Diagnostic Test: Baroreflex sensitivity testing
    • Diagnostic Test: Sympathoexcitatory Maneuvers
    • Diagnostic Test: Blood tests
  • Aim 2: Typical-Age Menopause
    Participants in this group are women who experienced menopause at a typical age.
    Interventions:
    • Diagnostic Test: Microneurography to measure muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA)
    • Diagnostic Test: Baroreflex sensitivity testing
    • Diagnostic Test: Sympathoexcitatory Maneuvers
    • Diagnostic Test: Blood tests
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: September 21, 2021)
160
Original Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: June 17, 2020)
80
Estimated Study Completion Date January 1, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 1, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged 35-49 or 50-70 years of age who experienced premature (<40) or early (≤45) menopause
  • Premenopausal 35-49 years of age
  • Typical-age menopause (i.e., after 45 years of age), who are between 50-70 years old
  • Menopause will be confirmed by subject report of amenorrhea for 12 months and serum FSH of >30 mIU/mL

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current nicotine/tobacco use within the past six months
  • Are diabetic or asthmatic
  • Have diagnosed significant carotid stenosis
  • Have a history of significant autonomic dysfunction, heart disease, respiratory disease or a severe neurologic condition such as stroke or traumatic brain injury.
  • Have existing metabolic or endocrine abnormities
  • Take any heart/blood pressure medications that are determined to interfere with study outcomes
  • IF the participant is premenopausal AND currently taking OC or other exogenous steroids that are determined to interfere with study outcomes
  • Females who classify as having early or premature menopause AND are not willing to discontinue OC or MHT in order to complete the study
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages 35 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Yes
Contacts
Contact: Manda Keller-Ross, PhD, DPT, PT 612-625-3175 kell0529@umn.edu
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT04439370
Other Study ID Numbers STUDY00007978
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Current Responsible Party University of Minnesota
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor University of Minnesota
Original Study Sponsor Same as current
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators Not Provided
PRS Account University of Minnesota
Verification Date September 2021