Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The Flipped Classroom Approach in Ophthalmology Residency

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04381676
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 11, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michelle T. Cabrera, University of Washington

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date April 28, 2020
First Posted Date May 11, 2020
Last Update Posted Date May 11, 2020
Actual Study Start Date October 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date July 1, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: May 5, 2020)
Resident Preference [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 2 weeks ]
Participants were asked to complete both a written (Likert-scale) survey in the classroom and an additional online survey (Catalyst WebQ, University of Washington, Seattle, WA) following the classroom session. These surveys asked residents to rate their preference for traditional vs. flipped classroom format, the effectiveness of preparation and classroom material, and the advantages and disadvantages of the flipped classroom format
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: May 5, 2020)
Knowledge Acquisition [ Time Frame: Baseline (Before class), immediately after completing the class, 3 months after class ]
Participants were assessed a total of three times for each course (esotropia and exotropia): once prior to starting the class (pre-test), once immediately after completing the class (post-test), and once three months later. All assessments consisted of 5 OKAP style questions created by fellowship trained ophthalmologists. These test questions were previously piloted. Residents were allotted 5 minutes to complete each test.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title The Flipped Classroom Approach in Ophthalmology Residency
Official Title The Flipped Classroom Approach to Teaching Horizontal Strabismus in Ophthalmology Residency: A Multi-Centered Randomized Controlled Study
Brief Summary This study aims to evaluate the flipped classroom approach compared to the traditional classroom approach in teaching horizontal strabismus in ophthalmology residency didactics.
Detailed Description Ophthalmology residents (post-graduate years 2-4) from 11 institutions were invited to participate. Participating residents were taught esotropia and exotropia topics sequentially, randomized by order and classroom style (flipped classroom vs. traditional lecture) one to three weeks apart. Participants were assigned a pre-class video lecture prior to the flipped classroom in-class case-based activity. The traditional classroom included a preparatory reading assignment and an in-person lecture delivered by the same instructor. Participants completed three identical 5-question content assessments (pre-test, post-test, and 3-month retention) and opinion surveys following each classroom.
Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Case-Crossover
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Ophthalmology residents from all levels (PGY2-PGY4) in the United States.
Condition Educational Problems
Intervention Other: Flipped Classroom Approach
In the Flipped Classroom, participants form groups of 2-3 and are instructed to work together through clinical cases of the in-class case based activity, committing to group answers to the clinical questions before advancing to the next case. At the end of class, the faculty instructor facilitated a short interactive group discussion.
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Flipped Classroom
    Residents in the flipped classroom were assigned a pre-class video lecture prior to completing the flipped classroom in-class case-based activity in groups of 2-3 each.
    Intervention: Other: Flipped Classroom Approach
  • Traditional Classroom
    Residents in the traditional classroom were assigned a pre-class reading assignment followed by a 44-minute lecture that was delivered in-person using PowerPoint.
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Completed
Actual Enrollment
 (submitted: May 5, 2020)
110
Original Actual Enrollment Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date August 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date July 1, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ophthalmology residents of all levels (PGY2-PGY4) from 11 residency programs were invited to participate in this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Those who did not complete both classroom styles were excluded from the survey data
  • Those who lost their study-IDs were excluded from the results analysis
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Yes
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT04381676
Other Study ID Numbers STUDY00001185
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Michelle T. Cabrera, University of Washington
Study Sponsor University of Washington
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michelle T Cabrera, MD University of Washington
PRS Account University of Washington
Verification Date May 2020