Hyperventilation and Oxygenation to Prolong Breath Hold in Breast Cancer Irradiation Treatment (HOBBIT)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04091542|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2019
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||March 22, 2019|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||September 16, 2019|
|Last Update Posted Date||September 16, 2019|
|Actual Study Start Date ICMJE||March 15, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||May 15, 2020 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||conditions for a technique for L-DIBHs of more than two minutes thirty seconds [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
duration of preparation/hyperventilation and oxygenation
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||No Changes Posted|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Hyperventilation and Oxygenation to Prolong Breath Hold in Breast Cancer Irradiation Treatment|
|Official Title ICMJE||Hyperventilation and Oxygenation to Prolong Breath Hold in Breast Cancer Irradiation Treatment (HOBBIT): Development of Support Technique to Prolong Breath Hold Time During Radiotherapy|
With the HOBBIT trial, the investigators want to develop a technology that allows volunteers to hold their breath for a long time. This technique will then be taught to patients with breast cancer to be able to hold their breath long-term during the irradiation. After all, research has shown that the heart is in a better position when the patient enters her breath after a deep inhalation, as a result of which there is less unwanted radiation of the heart. To develop this technique the investigators use healthy volunteers, who are asked several times to hold their breath as long as comfortable. Before the respiratory arrest the investigators allow these volunteers to hyperventilate, administer oxygen and cause hyperinflation of the lungs.
The volunteers come back four times, on four consecutive days. The first day they receive a short training. Afterwards oxygen is administered for a few minutes while the volunteers are asked to hyperventilate. Afterwards, by using the learned technique, they must hold their breath for as long as possible, comfortably. They should hold their breath 3 times in total with a short break in between. The following days there is always a change in the preparation protocol, compared to the previous study. Different parameters in the protocol will be changed for different groups of volunteers, this is based on randomization. In this way the effect of different parameters in the preparation of the AHS can be investigated. The investigators will use this information to develop a new protocol for extending the duration of breathing to two minutes and thirty seconds for use during radiotherapy treatment. The method for finding the optimal technique is iterative optimization. This method follows a process of development, testing, feedback and redevelopment cycles. Iteratively, these cycles of development use the prior research to further elaborate the most promising discoveries and drop paths that do not produce the desired result. During the development The investigators listen to the input of different people: doctors, nurses, support staff, engineers and the participants, to guarantee the usability of the technique on the radiotherapy device. Once the researchers think they have found a solution that meets all the conditions, a group of untrained volunteers are asked to implement the technique. With this the investigators validate the technique for later use in breast cancer patients.
Radiotherapy (RT) has an established role in breast cancer, complementing surgery and systemic therapies to prevent recurrences and improve survival. Long-Term follow-up shows that the beneficial effect on survival is weakened by radiation-induced cardiac and lung cancer mortality, especially in patients with left sided breast cancer or requiring irradiation of regional lymph nodes. Cardiac toxicity is of major concern because many patients receive cardiotoxic systemic treatments like anthracyclines and trastuzumab. Dose and volume of the heart exposed to radiation correlate with severity of cardiac toxicity. The heart dose-volume parameters are highest for patients receiving left-side radiotherapy especially if irradiation of the internal mammary lymph nodes is performed. Risk of (fatal) ischemic heart attack increases linearly with mean heart dose with no known dose threshold. In patients who receive left-side local treatment, heart dose is decreased by using prone positioning or deep-inspiration breath hold (DIBH), or a combination of both.
Previous research has shown that the heart shifts to an anatomical more favorable position in DIBH, away from the breast, chest wall and internal mammary lymph nodes, reducing heart dose. This advantage remains in prone positioning. The goal is to prolong the duration of a single DIBH, to create a long-DIBH (L-DIBH). Possible advantages are better positioning of the patient, execution of technically more difficult procedures and inclusion of regional lymph node (locoregional) irradiation. Most patients can't sustain a DIBH long enough to perform simulation with computed tomography (CT) and delineation during DIBH, so delineation of the laser lines during CT-simulation is performed on the shallow breathing (SB) scan. During positioning of the patient on the radiotherapy machine, a daily cone-beam CT (CBCT) is performed. The duration of this CBCT is 40 seconds, maintaining DIBH during this period is also hard for most patients. So currently the positioning at the moment of treatment is based on the SB CT-scan, whilst the DIBH CT-scan is used for treatment. This could potentially induce suboptimal positioning. Breath hold during CBCT positioning and CT-simulation and delineation could minimize shifts in treatment position. The current DIBH schedules for whole breast cancer radiotherapy without inclusion of the lymph nodes, use between three and six DIBHs of 12 to 18 seconds. Longer DIBH could lead to less DIBHs and faster treatment execution, which is especially important when the lymph nodes are included in the target volumes. Locoregional irradiation, including the lymph nodes, requires between 10 and 14 DIBHs of 15-30 seconds which leads to a total treatment time of around 5 minutes. This represents a substantial physical and mental effort for all but the most able patients.
This research, the first phase of the Hyperventilation Oxygenation Breath hold in Breast cancer Irradiation Treatment (HOBBIT) trail, will focus on finding a technique to assist patients to maintain a long DIBH (L-DIBH) during radiotherapy. Other research has shown a potential increase in duration of breath hold and reduction in rest time between DIBHs using oxygen in combination with hyperventilation. There is a safe way to prolong DIBH to at least 5 minutes. However, the technique requires a long training period for the patient, and 15 minutes of mechanical ventilation before each treatment session, making the technique very time consuming and resource intensive. The investigators hope to simplify the technique by allowing patients to do multiple L-DIBHs during the 5 minutes of treatment time. The investigators found from preliminary tests that using shorter L-DIBHs has several advantages, firstly pre-oxygenation and induction of hypocapnia can be achieved in a shorter time, secondly the duration of training is reduced, and thirdly a the costs are reduced.
Increase in blood pressure is the main risk of L-DIBH. No adverse events of L-DIBH have been reported. In order to minimize the risks during testing, this research project was developed in collaboration with the anesthesiology department, to ensure safety of the participants during L-DIBH. For all subjects, vital parameters will be continuously monitored by medical staff. Safety boundaries are in place which subjects are not allowed to cross during L-DIBH.
The aim of this research is to develop a new and easy technique for L-DIBH in prone and supine position, feasible for daily use at our radiotherapy department. The purpose of the technique is to allow locoregional treatment using a reasonable amount of L-DIBHs, increase patient positioning and accuracy of radiation treatment, and further significantly reduce heart toxicity for left sided cancer patients. The HOBBIT trial includes multiple phases. The first phase is performed on healthy volunteers, different support techniques to prolong DIBH will be tested. In the second phase the most optimal techniques to perform a L-DIBH will be validated on breast cancer patients. Around 40 volunteers will be included in the first phase of the HOBBIT trail, the final amount of volunteers depends on the amount of testing needed to find a technique which fulfills all criteria for phase two. The second phase of the HOBBIT trail will include breast cancer patients treated at our radiotherapy center. The expectations from previous research is that the investigators will see a similar increase in DIBH time, compared to healthy volunteers. The final goal is the use of the technique during locoregional radiation therapy at the University Hospital of Ghent.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Not Applicable|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Breast Cancer|
|Intervention ICMJE||Device: Optiflow/Ventilator
Participants will have 2 days with optiflow, 2 days with ventilator.
|Study Arms ICMJE||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||Same as current|
|Estimated Study Completion Date ICMJE||October 1, 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||May 15, 2020 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages ICMJE||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||Yes|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Belgium|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT04091542|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||EC2019/0127|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||University Hospital, Ghent|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||University Hospital, Ghent|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|PRS Account||University Hospital, Ghent|
|Verification Date||July 2019|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP