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Comparison of the Hemodynamic Effect of Three Positions During Induction of Anesthesia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03996213
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ahmed Hasanin, Cairo University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 21, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 24, 2019
Last Update Posted Date June 25, 2019
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE July 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2019)
Incidence of post-induction hypotension [ Time Frame: during 15 minutes after induction of anesthesia ]
mean arterial pressure < 80% of the baseline reading
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2019)
  • Incidence of severe post-induction hypotension [ Time Frame: during 15 minutes after induction of anesthesia ]
    defined as mean arterial pressure < 60% of the baseline reading
  • Norepinephrine consumption [ Time Frame: during 15 minutes after induction of anesthesia ]
    mcg
  • mean arterial pressure [ Time Frame: 1-minute intervals starting 1 minutes before induction of anesthesia till 15 minutes post-induction of anesthesia ]
    mmHg
  • heart rate [ Time Frame: 1-minute intervals starting 1 minutes before induction of anesthesia till 15 minutes post-induction of anesthesia ]
    beat per minutes
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Comparison of the Hemodynamic Effect of Three Positions During Induction of Anesthesia
Official Title  ICMJE Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Head-down Position Versus Leg Elevation Position Versus Supine Position During Induction of General Anesthesia and Its Effect on the Incidence of Postinduction Hypotension
Brief Summary The most common methods for prevention of post-induction hypotension are preoperative fluid loading and vasopressors. Leg elevation induces an intrinsic transfusion of 150 mL blood from the lower limbs to the central fluid compartment. Leg elevation was previously reported by our group to decrease the incidence of maternal hypotension after spinal anesthesia for caesarean delivery. Passive leg raising was also reported to provide a stable hemodynamic profile during induction of anesthesia for cardiac surgery. Head-down position was previously reported as a useful measure for management of hypovolemia in various patient groups. No studies to the best of our knowledge had evaluated the compare both positions (leg elevation position and head-down position) during induction of anesthesia in non-cardiac surgery
Detailed Description

Upon arrival to the operating room, routine monitors (ECG, pulse oximetry, and non-invasive blood pressure monitor) will be applied; intravenous line will be secured, and routine pre-medications (ranitidine 50 mg and midazolam 3-5 mg) will be administrated.

Before induction of anesthesia, patients will be randomly allocated into:supine group, head-down group or leg elevation group Baseline mean arterial blood pressure will be obtained as average of 3 reading before induction of anesthesia at supine position.

Induction of anesthesia will be achieved using fentanyl (2 mcg/Kg), propofol (2 mg/Kg), and atracurium (0.5 mg/Kg). Endotracheal tube will be inserted after 3 minutes of mask ventilation. Anesthesia will be maintained by isoflurane (1-1.5%) and atracurium 10 mg increments every 20 minutes. Ringer lactate solution will be infused at a rate of 2 mL/Kg/hour.

Any episode of hypotension (defined as mean arterial pressure < 80% of the baseline reading) will be managed by 5 mcg norepinephrine. If the hypotensive episode persisted for 2 minutes, another bolus of norepinephrine will be administered.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE Post-induction Hypotension
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Other: head down position
    Head-down position will be achieved by 30 degrees tilting of the whole operating table 1-minute before induction of anesthesia. The position will be maintained for 15 minutes after induction of anesthesia
  • Other: leg elevation position
    Leg elevation position will be achieved by raising the patient legs for 30 cm using two standard pillows positioned under the heels 1-minute before induction of anesthesia. The position will be maintained for 15 minutes after induction of anesthesia
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • No Intervention: supine group
    induction of anesthesia will be initiated while patient in supine position
  • Active Comparator: head down
    induction of anesthesia will be initiated while patient in head down position
    Intervention: Other: head down position
  • Active Comparator: leg elevation
    induction of anesthesia will be initiated while patient in leg elevation position
    Intervention: Other: leg elevation position
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Not yet recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2019)
123
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adult patients (18-60 years), american society of anesthesiologist physical status I-II, scheduled for elective non-cardiac surgery under general anesthesia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with cardiac morbidities (impaired contractility with ejection fraction < 50%, heart block, arrhythmias, tight valvular lesions), patients on antihypertensive medications, and patients with uncontrolled hypertension will be excluded from the study. Patient with decompensated respiratory disease (poor functional capacity, generalized wheezes, peripheral O2 saturation < 90% on room air), patients at increased risk of aspiration (Inadequate fasting time, chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus, BMI≥40 kg/m2, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Gastrointestinal obstruction, Previous upper gastrointestinal surgery and/or undergoing Upper gastrointestinal surgery), pregnant patients and patients with increased intracranial tension will be also excluded from the study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Maha MA Mostafa, M.D 01000365115 ext +2 maha.mostafa@cu.edu.eg
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Egypt
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03996213
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE N-116-2018
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Responsible Party Ahmed Hasanin, Cairo University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Cairo University
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Cairo University
Verification Date June 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP