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Individual Versus Group Exposure With Response Prevention (ERP) for the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03926546
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (The former principal investigator left the institution.)
First Posted : April 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 27, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eric Alan Storch, Baylor College of Medicine

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 9, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 24, 2019
Last Update Posted Date May 27, 2020
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 23, 2019)
Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale [ Time Frame: Post-treatment, 6 weeks after baseline ]
Participant OCD severity is measured with Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale over the course of their time in the study. Severity is measured at baseline (week 1), mid (week 3), and post (week 6) participation in ERP over the course of 6 weeks. Severity on the scale is measured based on a score range of 0-40. Participants with scores of 0-13 are considered to have mild symptoms. Scores of 14-25 are considered moderate. 26-34 are considered to be moderate-severe. 35-40 are considered to be very severe.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Individual Versus Group Exposure With Response Prevention (ERP) for the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Official Title  ICMJE Individual Versus Group Exposure and Response Prevention Therapy for the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Brief Summary The primary objective is to examine the efficacy of implementing evidence based Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) within group therapy versus individual therapy by monitoring reduction of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptomology.
Detailed Description

The purpose of the following study is to observe the effectiveness of group Exposure and Response Prevention verses individual Exposure and Response Prevention on patients with OCD for the use of future publications.

A total of 70 individuals will be recruited through different methods. The primary recruitment sources will be through BCM Psychiatric Clinic patient flow. Although it is anticipated that most of the study recruitment will occur through normal BCM Psychiatric Clinic patient flow, study advertisements will also be circulated through several relevant sources (e.g. BCM OCD Program website, Peace of Mind Foundation website and listserv, social media pages and OCD organizations and groups). The investigators will also contact clinicians and professionals working with OCD patients (e.g., private clinics, community organizations) in the community to distribute advertisement flyers to potential participants.

Enrollment will occur in person at Baylor College of Medicine after obtaining informed consent.

Pertinent clinical information will be collected from paper or electronic medical records. Demographics (race, ethnicity, gender, education, employment status), and health history (concomitant medical history) will be collected and entered in the database. Data entered in the database will be coded. Patient identifying information such as name, address, telephone, date of birth, and medical record number will be extracted from the medical record. A study ID will be assigned to each subject. The code linking the consented subjects' clinical information to their study ID will be stored in a password protected database. The code linking key containing patient identifying information will be kept separately from the database. Any relevant paperwork, including videos, will be stored in a locked file cabinet in the PIs office.

Prospective data collection will continue for those subjects that consent to participate in the study.

Investigators wishing to utilize the information collected in this database must show proof of an IRB approved protocol that will be reviewed by the PI of this database registry before information can be released. Depending on the purpose of the research, data will be shared without identifiers if possible. If requested, data can be sent coded to the investigator. Only those subjects that fit inclusion criteria for the proposed research and specify that they consent to be contacted about other research will be shared with the other requesting investigators. Other investigators will not have access to the document that links coded data to identifiers.

Participants will be randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either individual therapy (i.e., 12 individual ERP sessions, each 45-60 minutes, offered twice weekly for a total of six weeks) or group therapy (a total of 6 group ERP sessions, each 120 minutes, offered weekly for 6 weeks). Sessions will be led by an ERP trained mental health professional or trainee under the supervision of a licensed mental health professional. Both the individual and group participants will receive a total of 12 hours of ERP over the span of six weeks. However, those assigned to group therapy will meet for 2 hours weekly versus those assigned to individual therapy will meet for 1 hour twice weekly. Each session will consist of completed measures and therapy involving ERP for the entirety of the six weeks. Participants assigned to the group therapy protocol will be placed in groups, each consisting of 5-8 individuals, with two therapists per group.

In the groups, Session 1 will focus on psychoeducation about ERP and OCD. Sessions 2-5 will involve ERP tasks. Session 6 will focus on relapse prevention strategies. In individual treatment, Session 1 will focus on psychoeducation, sessions 2-10 on ERP, 11-12 on relapse prevention.

All patients will voluntarily participate in assessments with the researcher while also completing self-reported measures. All clinician-rated assessments will be conducted with an independent evaluator (IE). The demographic data will be collected at the beginning of treatment, Baseline. The Y-BOCS and self-report Y-BOCS will be administered at Baseline and Post-treatment. The Clinical Global Impression-Severity, OCD Identity Questionnaire, Sheehan Disability Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) Item Version and the Quality of Life (Q-LESQ-SF)-21 will be administered at Baseline, Mid treatment and Post-treatment to track patient symptomology. The weekly feedback measure will be administered every session to participants to collect data on their thoughts of how treatment is going. The following list of measures will be administered.

Researcher Administered:

  1. Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS)
  2. Self-report Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale
  3. NIMH Global Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (NIMH-GOCS)
  4. Clinical Global Impression-Severity/Improvement *


  1. Demographic Form - Baseline
  2. Sheehan Disability Scale- Baseline, Mid treatment and Post-treatment
  3. OCD Identity Questionnaire- Baseline, Mid treatment and Post-treatment
  4. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale - 21 Item Version (DASS-21) - Baseline, Mid treatment and Post-treatment
  5. Quality of Life-21 (Q-LESQ-SF) - Baseline, Mid treatment and Post-treatment
  6. Weekly Feedback Measure - Every session

The investigators will enroll all eligible subjects. A total of 70 individuals will participate. This number is anticipated based on group and individual dyad enrollment.

Descriptive analyses of participant data will be ongoing for one year, the entire duration of the study. For this study, descriptive statistics and symptomology improvements/ regressions analyses will be used to analyze study variables. Measures will be analyzed for use of future publications surrounding ERP treatment for OCD in groups and individual settings.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE OCD
Intervention  ICMJE Behavioral: ERP for Individuals
Comparing Group vs. Individual ERP for OCD
Other Name: ERP for Groups
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Individual ERP
    Individual Exposure and Response Prevention for OCD
    Intervention: Behavioral: ERP for Individuals
  • Experimental: Group ERP
    Group Exposure and Response Prevention for OCD
    Intervention: Behavioral: ERP for Individuals
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Withdrawn
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 6, 2020)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 23, 2019)
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be adults 18 years or older.
  • Participants must have the capacity and ability to give informed consent.
  • Participants have been given an assessment and received a diagnosis of OCD.
  • Participants must speak English.
  • Participants must be able to physically attend treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prisoners or any other high-risk population group.
  • experiencing active psychosis
  • experiencing active substance abuse disorder
  • experiencing active suicidality
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03926546
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE H-44611
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Eric Alan Storch, Baylor College of Medicine
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Baylor College of Medicine
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth McIngvale, Ph.D. Baylor College of Medicine
PRS Account Baylor College of Medicine
Verification Date May 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP