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Safety and Efficacy Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy + Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) With or Without Lenvatinib (MK-7902/E7080) as First-line Intervention in Adults With Metastatic Nonsquamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-7902-006/E7080-G000-315/LEAP-006)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03829319
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eisai Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 1, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 4, 2019
Last Update Posted Date May 29, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 25, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date August 21, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 1, 2019)
  • Part 1: Number of Participants with a Dose-limiting Toxicity [ Time Frame: Cycle 1; each cycle is 21 days (up to 21 days) ]
    Dose-limiting toxicity using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 for grading, is defined as any of the following hematologic toxicities: 1) Grade 4 neutropenia, 2) Grade 3 or 4 febrile neutropenia, 3) thrombocytopenia <25,000 cells/mm^3 associated with bleeding and/or which requires platelet transfusion, or any of the following non-hematologic toxicities: 4) any other Grade 4 or 5 toxicity, 5) Grade 3 toxicities lasting >3 days (exclusions apply), 6) Grade 3 hypertension not controlled by medication, 7) Grade 3 or above gastrointestinal perforation, 8) Grade 3 or above wound dehiscence requiring medical or surgical intervention, 9) any grade thromboembolic event, or 10) any Grade 3 nonhematologic laboratory value if medical intervention is required or the abnormality leads to hospitalization.
  • Part 1: Number of Participants with One or More Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Through 90 days post last dose of study treatment (Up to approximately 27 months) ]
    An adverse event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. The number of participants who experience one of more adverse events during Part 1 of this study will be presented.
  • Part 2: Progression-free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by BICR according to RECIST 1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 24 months ]
    PFS is defined as the time from date of randomization to the date of the first documentation of progressive disease (PD) or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST 1.1 modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. Note: The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. PFS as assessed per modified RECIST 1.1 will be presented.
  • Part 2: Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 60 months ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to the time of death from any cause. OS will be presented.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 1, 2019)
  • Part 2: Objective Response Rate (ORR) as Assessed by BICR according to RECIST 1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 24 months ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per RECIST 1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ. ORR as assessed per modified RECIST 1.1 will be presented.
  • Part 2; Duration of Response (DOR) as Assessed by BICR according to RECIST 1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 24 months ]
    For participants who demonstrated CR (disappearance of all target lesions) or PR (at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions), DOR is defined as the time from the first documented evidence of CR or PR until PD or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST 1.1 modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of 5 target lesions per organ, or death from any cause, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. Note: The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. DOR as assessed per modified RECIST 1.1 will be presented.
  • Part 2: Number of Participants with One or More Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 24 months ]
    An adverse event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. The number of participants who experience one of more adverse events during Part 2 of this study will be presented.
  • Part 2: Number of Participants Who Discontinue Study Treatment Due to an Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 24 months ]
    An adverse event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. The number of participants who discontinue study treatment during Part 2 of this study will be presented.
  • Part 2: Change from Baseline in European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) Global Health Status/Quality of Life; Cough; Chest Pain; Dyspnea; and Physical Functioning Combined Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (Cycle 1 Day 1) and at designated timepoints up to 30 days post last dose. Each cycle is 21 days. (Up to approximately 25 months) ]
    The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a questionnaire to assess the overall quality of life of cancer patients. The EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire and Lung Cancer Module 13 (QLQ-LC13) is a supplemental lung cancer-specific module used in combination with QLQ-C30. The change from baseline in EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30); Cough (EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31); Chest Pain (EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40); Dyspnea (EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8); and Physical Functioning (EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5) combined score will be presented. An increase in combined score indicates improvement in quality of life.
  • Part 2: Time to True Deterioration as Assessed by Change from Baseline in Global Health Status/Quality of Life; Cough; Chest Pain; Dyspnea; and Physical Functioning Combined Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (Cycle 1 Day 1) and at designated timepoints up to 30 days post last dose. Each cycle is 21 days. (Up to approximately 25 months) ]
    The time to true deterioration will be assessed by change from baseline in EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30); Cough (EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31); Chest Pain (EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40); Dyspnea (EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8); and Physical Functioning (EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5) combined score. True deterioration is defined as the first onset of ≥10-point decrease from baseline.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety and Efficacy Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy + Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) With or Without Lenvatinib (MK-7902/E7080) as First-line Intervention in Adults With Metastatic Nonsquamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-7902-006/E7080-G000-315/LEAP-006)
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 3 Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy + Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) With or Without Lenvatinib (E7080/MK-7902) as First-line Intervention in Participants With Metastatic Nonsquamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (LEAP-006)
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of pemetrexed + platinum chemotherapy + pembrolizumab (MK-3475) with or without lenvatinib (MK-7902/E7080) as first-line intervention in adults with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer.

The primary study hypotheses state that: 1) the combination of lenvatinib + platinum doublet chemotherapy + pembrolizumab prolongs Progression-free Survival (PFS) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) per modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RESIST 1.1) compared to matching placebo + platinum doublet chemotherapy + pembrolizumab, and 2) the combination of lenvatinib + platinum doublet chemotherapy + pembrolizumab prolongs Overall Survival (OS) compared to matching placebo + platinum doublet chemotherapy + pembrolizumab.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Nonsquamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    IV infusion Q3W
    Other Name: MK-3475
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    IV infusion Q3W
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    IV infusion Q3W
  • Drug: Pemetrexed
    IV infusion Q3W
  • Drug: Lenvatinib
    Oral capsule once daily
    Other Names:
    • MK-7902
    • E7080
  • Drug: Placebo matching lenvatinib
    Oral capsule once daily
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Pemetrexed+Platinum Chemotherapy+Pembrolizumab+Lenvatinib
    Participants receive carboplatin Area Under Curve 5 mg/mL/min (AUC5) or cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 via intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle (Q3W) for 4 cycles PLUS pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles PLUS pembrolizumab via IV infusion Q3W for up to 35 cycles (up to 2 years) PLUS lenvatinib via oral capsule once daily for up to 2 years.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    • Drug: Carboplatin
    • Drug: Cisplatin
    • Drug: Pemetrexed
    • Drug: Lenvatinib
  • Placebo Comparator: Pemetrexed+Platinum Chemotherapy+Pembrolizumab+Placebo
    In Parts 1 and 2: Participants receive carboplatin AUC5 or cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles PLUS pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles PLUS pembrolizumab via IV infusion Q3W for up to 35 cycles (up to 2 years) PLUS (Part 2 only) placebo matching lenvatinib via oral capsule once daily for up to 2 years.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    • Drug: Carboplatin
    • Drug: Cisplatin
    • Drug: Pemetrexed
    • Drug: Placebo matching lenvatinib
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 1, 2019)
726
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 21, 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date August 21, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of Stage IV (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC], nonsquamous NSCLC.
  • Confirmation that Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), ALK Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (ALK), or ROS1 Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (ROS1)-directed therapy is not indicated as primary treatment (documentation of absence of tumor-activating EGFR mutations AND absence of ALK and ROS1 gene rearrangements OR presence of a Kirsten Rat Sarcoma (KRAS) gene mutation).
  • Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1. Note: Lesions that appear measurable, but are situated in a previously irradiated area, can be considered measurable (eligible for selection as target lesions) if they have shown documented growth since the completion of radiation.
  • Provided an archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion (not previously irradiated).
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 7 days prior to the first dose of study intervention but before randomization.
  • Male participants must agree for at least 30 days after the last dose of lenvatinib/matching placebo and up to 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapeutic agents to:

Refrain from donating sperm PLUS either:

Be abstinence from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent OR

Must agree to use contraception unless confirmed to be azoopsermic (vasectomized or secondary to medical cause) as detailed below:

Agree to use a male condom plus partner use of an additional contraceptive method when having penile-vaginal intercourse with a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who is not currently pregnant Note: Men with a pregnant or breastfeeding partner must agree to remain abstinent from penile-vaginal intercourse or use a male condom during each episode of penile-vaginal penetration.

Note: 30 days after lenvatinib/matching placebo is stopped, if the participant is on pembrolizumab only and is greater than 180 days post chemotherapy, no male contraception measures are needed.

  • Female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

Is not a WOCBP OR Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of <1% per year), with low user dependency, or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis), during the intervention period and for at least 120 days post pembrolizumab and/or 30 days post-lenvatinib/matching placebo, and up to 180 days post last dose of chemotherapeutic agents, whichever occurs last.

  • Adequate organ function.
  • Adequately controlled blood pressure (BP) with or without antihypertensive medications, defined as BP ≤150/90 mm Hg and no change in antihypertensive medications within 1 week prior to randomization. Note: Participants must not have a history of uncontrolled or poorly-controlled hypertension, defined as >150/90 mm Hg for >4 weeks despite standard medical management.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, clinically stable, and have not required steroids for at least 14 days prior to the first dose of study intervention.
  • History of (noninfectious) pneumonitis that required systemic steroids or current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.
  • Radiographic evidence of intratumoral caviations, encasement, or invasion of a major blood vessel. Additionally, the degree of proximity to major blood vessels should be considered because for exclusion because of the potential risk of severe hemorrhage associated with tumor shrinkage/necrosis after lenvatinib-therapy. (In the chest, major blood vessels include the main pulmonary artery, the left and right pulmonary arteries, the 4 major pulmonary veins, the superior or inferior vena cava, and the aorta).
  • Known history of an additional malignancy, except if the participant has undergone potentially curative therapy with no evidence of that disease recurrence for at least 3 years since initiation of that therapy. Note: The time requirement also does not apply to participants who underwent successful definitive resection of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ cervical cancer, or other in situ cancers.
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease-modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is allowed.
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (doses exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study intervention.
  • Has had allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV testing is not required unless mandated by the local health authority.
  • Known history of Hepatitis B. No testing for Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C is required unless mandated by the local health authority.
  • History of a gastrointestinal condition or procedure that in the opinion of the investigator may affect oral drug absorption.
  • Active hemoptysis (at least 0.5 teaspoon of bright red blood) within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention.
  • Significant cardiovascular impairment within 12 months prior to the first dose of study intervention, including history of congestive heart failure greater than New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident (CVA)/stroke, or cardiac arrhythmia associated with hemodynamic instability.
  • Known history of active tuberculosis.
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has not recovered adequately from any toxicity and/or complication from major surgery prior to the first dose of study intervention.
  • Previously had a severe hypersensitivity reaction to treatment with a monoclonal antibody or has a known sensitivity to any component of lenvatinib or pembrolizumab, or as applicable, carboplatin, cisplatin, or pemetrexed.
  • A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to randomization or treatment allocation. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  • Has preexisting ≥Grade 3 gastrointestinal or non-gastrointestinal fistula.
  • Received prior systemic chemotherapy or other targeted or biological antineoplastic therapy for their metastatic NSCLC. Note: Prior treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiation as part of neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy is allowed as long as therapy was completed at least 6 months prior to the diagnosis of metastatic NSCLC.
  • Received prior treatment with pembrolizumab or any other anti-programmed cell death (PD)-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2 agent, with lenvatinib or any other receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (RTKi), or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T cell receptor.
  • Received radiotherapy within 14 days prior to the first dose of study intervention or received lung radiation therapy of >30 Gy within 6 months prior to the first dose of study intervention. Note: Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities to Grade ≤1, not required corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease.
  • Received systemic steroid therapy (in doses exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) within 7 days prior to the first dose of study intervention.
  • Received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study intervention.
  • Currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention.
  • History or presence of an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) that, in the investigator's opinion, is clinically meaningful.
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below the institutional (or local laboratory) normal range as determined by multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO).
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Toll Free Number 1-888-577-8839 Trialsites@merck.com
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Argentina,   Australia,   Canada,   Chile,   China,   France,   Germany,   Israel,   Japan,   Korea, Republic of,   New Zealand,   Poland,   Russian Federation,   Spain,   Turkey,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03829319
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 7902-006
2018-003824-35 ( EudraCT Number )
MK-7902-006 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
E7080-G000-315 ( Other Identifier: Eisai Protocol Number )
LEAP-006 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
194658 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC-CTI )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Responsible Party Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Collaborators  ICMJE Eisai Inc.
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
PRS Account Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Verification Date May 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP