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Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Biosimilar Candidate Xlucane Versus Lucentis® in Patients With nAMD (XPLORE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03805100
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Stada Arzneimittel AG
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xbrane Biopharma AB

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 8, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 15, 2019
Last Update Posted Date July 30, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE April 19, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date May 11, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 11, 2019)
Change in Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
Change(s) in BCVA letters at Week 8 compared to baseline using the ETDRS protocol
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 11, 2019)
  • Change in Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) [ Time Frame: Week 4, 12, 16, 24, 36 and 52 ]
    Change in BCVA using the ETDRS protocol
  • Change in total size of choroidal neovascular leakage area [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 52 ]
    Change in total size of choroidal neovascular leakage area measured by fluorescein angiography (FA)
  • Change in total size of choroidal neovascularization [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 52 ]
    Change in total size of choroidal neovascularization measured by FA
  • Change in Central Foveal Thickness (CFT) [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 36 and 52 ]
    Change in Central Foveal Thickness (CFT) measured by OCT
  • Percentage of subjects with loss of < 15 letters [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 24 and 52 ]
    Percentage of subjects with loss of < 15 letters using ETDRS
  • Percentage of subjects with a gain of ≥ 15 letters [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 24 and 52 ]
    Percentage of subjects with a gain of ≥ 15 letters using ETDRS
  • Intra- or subretinal fluid [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 52 ]
    Number of subjects without intra- or subretinal fluid (ie, completely dry)
  • Retinal pigment epithelium detachments [ Time Frame: Through study completion ]
    Number of subjects with retinal pigment epithelium detachments
  • Systemic Ranibizumab concentrations [ Time Frame: Day 0, Day 1 and week 20 ]
    Systemic Ranibizumab concentrations
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Biosimilar Candidate Xlucane Versus Lucentis® in Patients With nAMD
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase III Double-Blind, Parallel Group, Multicenter Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Xlucane Versus Lucentis® in Patients With Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Brief Summary The objectives of the study are to demonstrate the equivalence of Xlucane to Lucentis® in treatment of subjects with wet (ie, neovascular) age-related macular degeneration (wAMD).
Detailed Description This is a phase III multicenter, double-masked, randomized, parallel group study in subjects with wAMD. Approximately 580 subjects will be enrolled and randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either Lucentis® or the investigational product, Xlucane in the study eye once every 4 weeks for 52 weeks. The study eye will be defined as the eye meeting the enrollment criteria. The assigned study drug will be administered as an ophthalmic intravitreal (IVT) injection. A subgroup of 60 subjects at a select number of participating sites will be sequentially asked to participate in an evaluation of PK.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Macular Degeneration
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: Ranibizumab
Intravitreal injection
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Xlucane
    Xlucane (0.05 mL of 10 mg/mL ranibizumab) in the study eye monthly for 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Biological: Ranibizumab
  • Active Comparator: Lucentis
    Lucentis (0.05 mL of 10 mg/mL ranibizumab) in the study eye monthly for 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Biological: Ranibizumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 11, 2019)
580
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date May 11, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written and signed informed consent form obtained at screening, before any study-related procedures.
  • Willingness and ability to undertake all scheduled visits and assessments as judged by the investigator.
  • Newly diagnosed, active subfoveal Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV) lesion secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in the study eye. Note: Active CNV indicates the presence of leakage as evidenced by Fluorescein Angiography (FA) and intra- or subretinal fluid as evidenced by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) which must be confirmed by the central reading center during Screening:

    1. The area of CNV must be ≥ 50% of the total lesion area in the study eye, and
    2. Total lesion area ≤ 9.0 Disc Areas (DA) in size (including blood, scars and neovascularization) as assessed by FA in the study eye.
  • Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) of ≤ 73 and ≥ 49 ETDRS letter score in the study eye, using ETDRS chart (20/40 to 20/100 Snellen equivalent) at Screening.
  • Fellow eye should not be expected to need any anti-VEGF treatment for the duration of study participation.
  • Age ≥ 50 years at screening.
  • Male and female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to completely abstain or agree to use an appropriate method of contraception, from the time of signing informed consent and for the duration of study participation through 3 months, following the last dose of study drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any previous intervention including pharmacological treatment, laser and/or surgery for wAMD in either eye; (Exception: Vitamin supplementation for AMD prevention).
  • Any previous vitreoretinal surgery in the study eye for any cause.
  • Any previous IVT treatment including any anti-VEGF medications, steroids and/or any other investigational medication in either eye.
  • The use of long-acting steroids, either systemic or intraocular in any eye, in the 18 months before planned initiation of study treatment. (Note: Iluvien® [fluocinolone acetonide intravitreal], current or planned implantation during the study, is prohibited.)
  • Subfoveal fibrosis, atrophy or scarring extending > 50% of total lesion area, in the study eye as assessed by the investigator at screening and confirmed by the central reading center prior to randomization.
  • Choroidal neovascularization in either eye due to non-AMD causes (eg, DME, RVO, ocular histoplasmosis or trauma, etc.) as assessed by FA and confirmed by central reading center.
  • Active or recent (within 28 days prior to randomization) intraocular, extraocular, and periocular inflammation or infection in either eye.
  • History of idiopathic or autoimmune-associated uveitis in either eye.
  • Infectious conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis or endophthalmitis in either eye.
  • Unmedicated intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥ 30 mmHg at Screening in either eye.
  • Topical ocular corticosteroids administered for ≥ 30 consecutive days in the study eye within 90 days prior to Screening.
  • Spherical equivalent of the refractive error in the study eye demonstrating more than 8 diopters of myopia.
  • Corneal transplant or corneal dystrophy in the study eye.
  • History of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the study eye.
  • History of macular hole in the study eye.
  • Retinal pigment epithelial tear or rip, involving the macula in the study eye as assessed by FA and confirmed by the central reading center.
  • Current vitreous hemorrhage in the study eye.
  • Subretinal hemorrhage that is ≥ 50% of the total lesion area in the study eye, or if the subretinal hemorrhage involves the fovea is 1 or more DA (≥ 2.54 mm2) in size in the study eye, as assessed by FA and confirmed by the central reading center.
  • Other intraocular surgery (including cataract surgery) in the study eye within the 3 months prior to baseline. The yttrium aluminum garnet [YAG] posterior capsulotomy is allowed not later than 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • Any concurrent intraocular condition in the study eye (eg, cataract or diabetic retinopathy) that, in the opinion of the investigator, could require treatment during the study period to prevent or treat loss of visual acuity.
  • Significant media opacities (including cataract) in the study eye interfering with BCVA assessment or fundus imaging (FA/FP/OCT).
  • Aphakia or absence of the posterior capsule in the study eye, unless it occurred as a result of a YAG posterior capsulotomy in association with prior posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.
  • Presence of advanced glaucoma or optic neuropathy that involve(s) or threaten(s) the central visual field in the study eye (as judged by the investigator).
  • History of glaucoma filtering surgery or argon laser trabeculoplasty in the study eye (Exception: Laser iridotomy and selective laser trabeculoplasty are allowed).
  • Uncontrolled ocular glaucoma or hypertension in the study eye, defined as IOP ≥ 25 mmHg despite treatment with anti-glaucoma medication.
  • Any previous systemic anti-VEGF treatment (eg, bevacizumab).
  • Contraindication for Lucentis® (hypersensitivity to ranibizumab or to any of the study treatment excipients).
  • Current treatment for active systemic infection.
  • Females who are pregnant, nursing, planning a pregnancy during the study, or of childbearing potential and not using a reliable method of contraception and/or not willing to use a reliable method of contraception during their participation in the study.
  • Participation in another clinical trial within the previous 3 months or any other clinical trial of anti-angiogenic drugs.
  • Reasonable suspicion of other disease or condition that might render the subject at a high risk of treatment complications or otherwise confound interpretation of the study results (as judged by the investigator).
  • PK subgroup only: Contraindication for additional blood sampling (as judged by the investigator).
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Bulgaria,   Czechia,   Estonia,   Hungary,   India,   Israel,   Latvia,   Lithuania,   Poland,   Romania,   Russian Federation,   Slovakia,   Spain,   Ukraine,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03805100
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE XBR1001
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Xbrane Biopharma AB
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Xbrane Biopharma AB
Collaborators  ICMJE Stada Arzneimittel AG
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Anat Loewenstein, Professor Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
PRS Account Xbrane Biopharma AB
Verification Date July 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP