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Nivolumab, BMS-936558 in Combination With Relatlimab, BMS-986016 in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Naïve to Prior Immunotherapy in the Metastatic Setting

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03743766
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 27, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Kirkwood, University of Pittsburgh

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 18, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 16, 2018
Last Update Posted Date November 27, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 29, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 15, 2018)
  • Change in LAG3 Expression [ Time Frame: At baseline and at 4 weeks ]
    LAG3 (cell surface molecule expressed on activated T cells) expression is either positive (present) or not detectable if absent after completion of lead-in phase.
  • Change in PD1 expression [ Time Frame: At baseline and at 4 weeks ]
    PD1 (programmed cell death protein 1) expression is either positive (present) or not detectable if absent after completion of lead-in phase
  • Change in Tumor Size [ Time Frame: At baseline and at 4 weeks ]
    Tumor size will be assessed per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Per RECIST 1.1, Tumour lesions: Must be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter in the plane of measurement is to be recorded) with a minimum size of:
    • 10 mm by CT scan (CT scan slice thickness no greater than 5 mm; see Appendix II on imaging guidance).
    • 10 mm caliper measurement by clinical exam (lesions which cannot be accurately measured with calipers should be recorded as non-measurable).
    • 20 mm by chest X-ray.
  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Beginning at 12 weeks post initial treatment, up to 4 years ]
    Number of participants experiencing Complete Response (CR) + Number of participants experiencing Partial Response (PR)/total patients assessed. Per RECIST v1.1, CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. PD: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression). SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 15, 2018)
  • Clinical Benefit Rate [ Time Frame: 12 weeks post initial treatment, up to 4 years ]
    Complete Response (CR) + Partial Response (PR) + Stable Disease (SD) / total patients assessed per RECIST v1.1. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.
  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: 12 weeks post initial treatment, up to 4 years ]
    Time from first documented Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented. Per RECIST v1.1, CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the first date of documented progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST v1.1, Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death due to any cause.
  • LAG3 Expression [ Time Frame: At week 16 (2 weeks post combination treatment (3 cycles)) ]
    LAG3 (cell surface molecule expressed on activated T cells) expression (positive (present) or not detectable if absent) in tumor and peripheral blood of treated participants who experience a complete response, partial response, or stable disease, prior to ultimately experiencing disease progression.
  • PD-1 Expression [ Time Frame: At week 16 (12 weeks post combination treatment (3 cycles)) ]
    PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) expression (positive (present) or not detectable if absent) in tumor and peripheral blood of treated participants who experience a complete response, partial response, or stable disease, prior to ultimately experiencing disease progression.
  • Change in CD4+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Percentage and number of CD4+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes present
  • Change in CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Percentage and number of CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes present
  • Change in granzyme B serum levels [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Level of granzyme B (a serine protease secreted cells to mediate apoptosis in target cells) in serum.
  • Change in cell effector/memory status [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Measure of cells that have previously encountered and responded to their cognate antigen.
  • Change in activation and maturation of dendritic cells [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Measure of expression of activation and maturation of dendritic cells
  • Change in T cell count [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Number of T cells present in blood and tumor
  • Change in T cell count [ Time Frame: At the time of disease progression - up to 4 years ]
    Number of T cells present in blood and tumor in patients that had previously demonstrated complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST 1.1. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.
  • Change in soluble LAG3 levels [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Amount of LAG3 (cell surface molecule expressed on activated T cells) protein present in blood and tumor tissue.
  • Soluble LAG3 levels [ Time Frame: At the time of disease progression - up to 4 years ]
    Amount of LAG3 (cell surface molecule expressed on activated T cells) protein present in blood and tumor tissue in patients that had previously demonstrated complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST 1.1. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.
  • Change in Regulatory T cell (Treg) marker level [ Time Frame: At 2 weeks prior first study treatment, at 4 weeks, at 12 weeks ]
    Amount of Regulatory T cell (Treg) markers present in blood and tumor tissue.
  • Regulatory T cell (Treg) marker levels [ Time Frame: At the time of disease progression - up to 4 years ]
    Amount of Regulatory T cell (Treg) markers present in blood and tumor tissue.in patients that had previously demonstrated complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST 1.1. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: November 15, 2018)
  • Single cell RNA sequencing [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    The presence and quantity of RNA in in blood and tumor tissue.
  • Single cell RNA sequencing [ Time Frame: At 4 weeks post Cycle 1 ]
    The presence and quantity of RNA in in blood and tumor tissue.
  • Single cell RNA sequencing [ Time Frame: At week 16 (12 weeks post combination treatment (3 cycles) ]
    The presence and quantity of RNA in in blood and tumor tissue.
  • Single cell RNA sequencing [ Time Frame: At the time of disease progression - up to 4 years ]
    The presence and quantity of RNA in in blood and tumor tissue in patients that had previously demonstrated complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST 1.1. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Nivolumab, BMS-936558 in Combination With Relatlimab, BMS-986016 in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Naïve to Prior Immunotherapy in the Metastatic Setting
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Study of Anti-PD1 Monoclonal Antibody (Nivolumab, BMS-936558) Administered in Combination With Anti-LAG3 Monoclonal Antibody (Relatlimab, BMS-986016) in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Naïve to Prior Immunotherapy in the Metastatic Setting
Brief Summary The main goal of this study is to evaluate the antitumor activity of relatlimab and nivolumab in combination in subjects with unresectable or metastatic melanoma who have not received prior treatment with immunotherapy.
Detailed Description This study will evaluate the antitumor activity of anti-LAG3 monoclonal antibody relatlimab and the anti-PD1 monoclonal antibody nivolumab in combination in subjects with unresectable or metastatic melanoma who have not received prior treatment with immunotherapy. The trial is designed with a lead-in phase of 2 cycles (4 week) treatment of either nivolumab, relatlimab, or the combination of nivolumab/relatlimab, followed by a combination phase of nivolumab/relatlimab treatment in all subjects. This lead-in design with accompanying tumor biopsies and peripheral blood analyses will enable mechanistic analyses of the effect of LAG3 and PD1 blockade alone and in combination to enhance understanding of mechanisms of response and resistance. Duration of response, progression free survival, and safety will be assessed as secondary objectives.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
In the 4-week lead-in phase, subjects will be randomized to one of three arms for 1 cycle (4 weeks) of lead-in treatment with nivolumab, relatlimab, or the combination of nivolumab and relatlimab. Following 1 cycle of lead-in treatment, all subjects will be treated with the combination of relatlimab and nivolumab every 4 weeks.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Melanoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Relatlimab
    Relatlimab (BMS-986016) - 10mg/mL formulation to be administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion at 160 mg IV.
    Other Name: BMS-986016
  • Drug: Nivolumab
    Nivolumab (BMS-936558) - 10-mg/mL formulation to be administered as an IV infusion at 480 mg IV.
    Other Name: BMS-936558
  • Drug: Relatlimab + Nivolumab
    Combination (Relatlimab + Nivolumab) therapy will be administered by sequential infusion. Nivolumab administered at 480 mg IV followed by infusion of relatlimab at 160 mg IV.
    Other Name: BMS-986016 and BMS-936558
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Relatlimab

    Cycle 1: Relatlimab (BMS-986016) is supplied as a sterile 10mg/mL formulation to be administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion at 160 mg IV for the first 4 weeks (cycle 1).

    Cycle 2+: Combination therapy will be administered by sequential infusion. Nivolumab administered at 480 mg IV followed by infusion of relatlimab at 160 mg IV once every 4 weeks.

    Intervention: Drug: Relatlimab
  • Experimental: Nivolumab

    Cycle 1: Nivolumab (BMS-936558) is supplied as a sterile 10-mg/mL formulation to be administered as an IV infusion at 480 mg IV for the first 4 weeks.

    Cycle 2+: Combination therapy will be administered by sequential infusion. Nivolumab administered at 480 mg IV followed by infusion of relatlimab at 160 mg IV once every 4 weeks.

    Intervention: Drug: Nivolumab
  • Experimental: Relatlimab + Nivolumab
    Cycle 1+: Combination therapy will be administered by sequential infusion. Nivolumab administered at 480 mg IV followed by infusion of relatlimab at 160 mg IV for the first 4 weeks (Cycle 1), then once every 4 weeks afterwards.
    Intervention: Drug: Relatlimab + Nivolumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 15, 2018)
42
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

• Men or women 18 years of age or older meeting AJCC 8th edition criteria for unresectable stage IIIB, stage IIIC, stage IIID, or stage IV melanoma who have not received treatment with immunotherapy in the metastatic setting

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known or suspected CNS metastases, with the following exceptions:

    • Subjects with controlled brain metastases will be allowed to enroll. Controlled brain metastases are defined as no radiographic progression for at least 4 weeks following radiation and/or surgical treatment at the time of consent. Subjects must be off steroids for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization.
    • Subjects with signs or symptoms of brain metastases are not eligible unless brain metastases are ruled out by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring treatment, with the exception of type 1 diabetes mellitus, vitiligo, resolved childhood asthma/atopy, controlled hyper/hypothyroidism, hypoadrenalism or hypopituitarism.
  • Prior systemic treatment in the metastatic setting, including anti-PD1, anti-PDL1, anti-PDL2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or immune checkpoint pathways; or chemotherapy.
  • Prior adjuvant treatment with anti-PD1, anti-PDL1, and/or anti-LAG3 antibody. Note that prior adjuvant treatment with targeted therapy (e.g. BRAF/MEK inhibition), anti-CTLA4, or treatment not otherwise specified above would be permitted.
  • Ocular melanoma
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Amy Rose, RN 412-647-8587 kennaj@upmc.edu
Contact: Corey Hewitt, RN 412-623-3144 hewittc@upmc.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03743766
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 18-071
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party John Kirkwood, University of Pittsburgh
Study Sponsor  ICMJE John Kirkwood
Collaborators  ICMJE Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: John Kirkwood, MD University of Pittsburgh
PRS Account University of Pittsburgh
Verification Date November 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP