We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Ustekinumab for the Treatment of Relapse of Refractory Giant Cell Arteritis (ULTRA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03711448
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 15, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 18, 2018
Last Update Posted Date October 14, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 7, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 18, 2018)
Percentage of living patients who went into remission after inclusion, without a new relapse and without deviation from the prednisone tapering protocol planned in the study. [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 15, 2018)
Percentage of living patients who went into remission after inclusion, without a new relapse and without deviation from the prednisone taperine protocol planned in the study. [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Ustekinumab for the Treatment of Relapse of Refractory Giant Cell Arteritis
Official Title  ICMJE Ustekinumab for the Treatment of Relapse of Refractory Giant Cell Arteritis
Brief Summary

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of vasculitis after age 50. It is a vasculitis affecting the large vessels, in particular the aorta and its collateral vessels, especially those in the external carotid area.

Corticosteroids are the cornerstone of GCA treatment. They are very effective but are generally continued for 18 to 24 months or more since at least 30% of patients with GCA will relapse during their follow-up. Thus, the vast majority of patients treated for GCA have at least one adverse event from corticosteroid therapy, which is the main source of morbidity in these elderly patients.

Reducing the use of corticosteroids, especially during relapses, is therefore a major objective to improve the treatment of patients with GCA. Methotrexate, abatacept and tocilizumab have been shown to be effective during GCA. However, the therapeutic effect of the first two is modest. As for tocilizumab, its use has many limitations: suspensive effect, many contraindications and there are no biological parameters available for reliable monitoring of inflammatory syndrome in these patients.

Recent data have shown the major role of T helper (Th) Th1 and Th17 T cells in the pathophysiology of GCA. Th17 lymphocytes are sensitive to corticosteroid therapy but Th1 persists despite treatment and produces interferon-γ which activates macrophages and smooth muscle cells, leading to remodelling of the vascular wall responsible for ischemic GCA manifestations. Joint targeting of Th17 and Th1 responses is therefore necessary to fully treat the vascular inflammation that exists during GCA. Ustekinumab, which is a monoclonal antibody blocking the subunit common to IL-12 and IL-23 (p40), blocks the Th1 and Th17 responses, and could therefore be an excellent treatment for GCA.

This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ustekinumab for the treatment of GCA relapses.

Very little data is available on the use of ustekinumab during GCA. Recently, 14 patients with refractory GCA, defined as the occurrence of at least 2 relapses and the inability to reduce the prednisone dose below 10 mg/d, received ustekinumab treatment. No patients relapsed during treatment while the median dose of prednisone was reduced from 20 to 5 mg/d.

Ustekinumab has also been used successfully in a patient with refractory GCA. Under treatment, the patient did not have a new relapse and the dose of prednisone was reduced. In addition, there was a major decrease in the percentages of circulating Th1 and Th17 lymphocytes.

However, to date, no controlled studies have been conducted to confirm the efficacy of ustekinumab during GCA relapses.

This guarantees the originality and innovation of this study.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Patients Relapsing Refractory Giant Cell Arteritis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: prednisone treatment
    tapering prednisone regimen
  • Drug: prednisone and ustekinumab treatment
    Treatment with prednisone and ustekinumab (90 mg subcutaneously at inclusion (W0), W4, W16 and W28)
  • Other: questionnaires
    HAQ ; SF-36 ; FACIT-fatigue
  • Biological: Blood samples
    Additional blood samples for immunomonitoring
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Control group
    Interventions:
    • Drug: prednisone treatment
    • Other: questionnaires
    • Biological: Blood samples
  • Experimental: Experimental group
    Interventions:
    • Drug: prednisone and ustekinumab treatment
    • Other: questionnaires
    • Biological: Blood samples
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 29, 2020)
38
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 15, 2018)
19
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2025
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written consent
  • Patient with GCA, defined by the following criteria (collected at the time of diagnosis of GCA):

    • Age ≥ 50 years old
    • AND sedimentation rate VS ≥ 50 mm/h or C-reactive protein CRP ≥ 20 mg/L (optional if the temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is positive)
    • AND clinical signs of GCA or signs of rhisomelic pseudopolyarthritis (RPP)
    • AND positive TAB (granulomatous vasculitis lesions) OR evidence of vasculitis of large vessels (aorta or supra-aortic trunks) by angio-TDM, PET-scanner and/or angio-MRI.
  • CRP elevation >10 mg/L on at least one occasion during the 6 weeks prior to inclusion
  • Relapse treatment initiated less than 6 weeks ago
  • Patient with GCA relapse at a dose of prednisone ≤ 20 mg/d and who has received at least 12 consecutive weeks of corticosteroid therapy since the diagnosis of GCA. Relapse is defined as the reappearance of clinical or radiological sign(s) of GCA after a remission phase of at least 1 month AND despite well followed treatment:

    • headache (> 1 day, not relieved by paracetamol and not identical to headache that the patient may have had in the past and that is not related to GCA)
    • hyperesthesia of the scalp, claudication of the jaws or tongue, anomaly of the temporal artery
    • visual signs related to GCA
    • signs of RPP
    • non-infectious fever of more than one week
    • aggravation, recurrence or appearance of signs of vasculitis of large vessels with angioscanner, angio-MRI or PET scanner
    • any other sign related to the activity of the GCA as determined by the investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Person not affiliated to or not benefiting from a health insurance system
  • Weight < 40kg or > 100kg (at inclusion)
  • Non-compliant patient
  • Adult unable to express consent
  • Patient with a psychotic state not controlled by treatment
  • Person subject to a measure of legal protection (curatorship, guardianship)
  • Person subject to judicial control
  • Women who have not gone through menopause
  • Hypersensitivity to ustekinumab, to any of its excipients or to any other murine or human monoclonal antibody
  • Latex hypersensitivity (because the packaging of ustekinumab contains latex, which is only present in syringes)
  • Relapse with the presence of obvious ophthalmological signs requiring high-dose corticotherapy (1 mg/kg and/or methylprednisolone bolus)
  • Surgery scheduled within 12 months (excluding low-risk surgery: endoscopy, bronchoscopy, hysteroscopy, cystoscopy, biopsy or breast surgery, dental care, dental extractions, eye surgery, outpatient surgery, skin surgery)
  • Patient with other autoimmune or auto-inflammatory disease (except RPP, autoimmune thyroiditis, Addison's disease, type 1 diabetes, Biermer's disease and presence of autoantibodies without clinical manifestation)
  • Neoplasia < 5 years (excluding in situ cervical cancer and skin carcinomas, excluding melanomas, with healthy margin resections [R0]).
  • Patient who has received an organ transplant (apart from a corneal transplant)
  • Patient who has received an autograft or hematopoietic marrow allograft
  • Unstable or poorly controlled disease, acute or chronic, not related to GCA and considered by the investigator as a contraindication to ustekinumab treatment (examples: recurrent infections, ulcers of the lower limbs poorly controlled, unstable ischemic cardiovascular disease, terminal renal failure, liver failure, heart failure ≥ stage III/IV NYHA, diabetes poorly controlled...).
  • Other treatments :

    • Patient who has received at least 3 systemic corticoid cures for a condition other than GCA within the last 6 months (dermocorticoids and inhaled corticoids are allowed)
    • Patient receiving long-term corticosteroid treatment (excluding dermocorticoids and inhaled corticosteroids) for a condition other than GCA
    • Patient currently treated or having received, within 4 weeks, cytotoxic, immunosuppressive (except methotrexate and azathioprine which should however be stopped before inclusion), immunomodulatory (except dapsone which should however be stopped before inclusion) or biotherapic treatment.
    • Live vaccine injected within 30 days of inclusion

Infections :

  • Chronic (or acute) viral hepatitis B or C
  • HIV infection
  • Persistent infection or severe infection requiring hospitalization or intravenous antibiotic treatment within 30 days of inclusion (trial antibiotics, regardless of duration and route of administration, are not an exclusion criterion).
  • Infection requiring oral antibiotic treatment within 14 days of inclusion (trial antibiotics, regardless of duration and route of administration, are not an exclusion criterion).
  • History of histoplasmosis or listeriosis
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Sign of latent tuberculosis (based on a history of untreated contagion, an opacity greater than 1 cm in diameter on chest X-ray, or a positive in vitro test [QuantiferonR or T-spot-TBR]). A history of tuberculosis disease or latent tuberculosis whose treatment has been completed and which has been properly conducted does not constitute an exclusion criterion, regardless of the outcome of the QuantiferonR or T-spot-TBR.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Maxime SAMSON +33 3 80 29 34 32 Maxime.samson@chu-dijon.fr
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE France
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03711448
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SAMSON PHRC I 2017
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
Verification Date October 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP