Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Chemokine Modulation Therapy and Pembrolizumab in Treating Participants With Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03599453
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 25, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Hemispherx Biopharma
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 16, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 25, 2018
Last Update Posted Date October 18, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 9, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 6, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 16, 2018)
Overall response rate (ORR) as measured by immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (irRECIST) criteria 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
Will be assessed using a Simon two-stage minimax design.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03599453 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 16, 2018)
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) as measured by irRECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed using a Simon two-stage minimax design
  • Overall survival (OS) as measured by irRECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Disease control rate (DCR) as measured by irRECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed using a Simon two-stage minimax design
  • Incidence of adverse events graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Adverse events (AEs), serious AEs (SAEs), and toxicities will be summarized by attribution (overall and related/unrelated to treatment) and grade using frequencies and relative frequencies
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Chemokine Modulation Therapy and Pembrolizumab in Treating Participants With Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Pilot Open Label Clinical Trial Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Chemokine Modulation to Enhance the Effectiveness of Pembrolizumab in Patients With Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Brief Summary This pilot trial studies how well chemokine modulation therapy works when given prior to pembrolizumab in treating participants with triple-negative breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Drugs used in chemokine modulation therapy, such as celecoxib, recombinant interferon alfa-2b, and rintatolimod, work by unleashing or enhancing the cancer immune responses that already exist by either blocking inhibitory molecules or by activating stimulatory molecules. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving chemokine modulation therapy before pembrolizumab may work better in treating participants with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

-To evaluate the increase of CD8+ infiltration into tumor microenvironment after pre-treatment CKM regime

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

  • To evaluate the overall response rate (ORR) to the combination therapy per RECIST v1.1
  • To evaluate the efficacy of the chemokine modulation (CKM) in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer (mTNBC) as compared to historic outcomes of pembrolizumab and other anti-PD1/PD-L1 therapies alone, as determined by secondary measures of efficacy including progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and disease control rate (DCR).
  • To evaluate the safety profile of CKM regimen given as pre-treatment to pembrolizumab therapy in metastatic breast cancer patients using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

  • Examine the immune analysis profile of CKM and pembrolizumab combination.
  • Examine the relationship of infiltrating CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and other immune and genetic markers, and their associated PD-1, CD45RA or CD45RO levels.
  • Correlate PD-L1 expression within both neoplastic and nonneoplastic stromal elements of the tumor microenvironment to PFS, OS, ORR and adverse events (AEs).
  • Correlate Immune Panel results with ORR, PFS, OS and AEs.
  • Comparison of response assessment criteria for a prospective analysis

OUTLINE:

Participants undergo pre-treatment biopsy. Participants then undergo chemokine modulation therapy consisting of celecoxib orally (PO) twice daily (BID), recombinant interferon alfa-2b intravenously (IV) over 20 minutes, and rintatolimod IV over 30-60 minutes on days -11 to -9, and -4 to -2. Participants then undergo additional biopsy. Following biopsy and chemokine modulation therapy, participants receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up for 90 days and then every 6 months for up to 2 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Early Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Triple -Negative Breast Cancer
  • Estrogen Receptor Negative
  • HER2/Neu Negative
  • Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC
  • Progesterone Receptor Negative
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Procedure: Biopsy
    Undergo Biopsy
  • Procedure: Chemokine Modulation Therapy
    Undergo chemokine modulation therapy
  • Drug: Celecoxib
    Given by mouth
    Other Name: Celebrex, YM 177, Benzenesulfonamide
  • Biological: Recombinant Interferon Alfa-2b
    Given intravenously
    Other Name: Alfatronol, Glucoferon, Heberon Alfa, IFN alpha-2B, Interferon alfa 2b, Intron A, recombinant interferon alfa-2b, Recombinant Interferon Alfa-2b, Sch
  • Drug: Rintatolimod
    Given intravenously
    Other Name: 38640-92-5, 616524, Ampligen, Ampligen, Atvogen, Poly(I).Poly(c12,U), Poly(Inosinic Acid) Poly(Cytidylic(12), Uridylic)Acid, RINTATOLIMOD, Rintatolimod
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    Given intravenously
    Other Name: Immunoglobulin G4,Keytruda, Lambrolizumab
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Treatment (chemokine modulation therapy)
Participants undergo pre-treatment biopsy. Participants then undergo chemokine modulation therapy consisting of celecoxib PO BID, recombinant interferon alfa-2b IV over 20 minutes, and rintatolimod IV over 30-60 minutes on days -11 to -9, and -4 to -2. Participants then undergo additional biopsy. Following biopsy and chemokine modulation therapy, participants receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks for up to 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Procedure: Biopsy
  • Procedure: Chemokine Modulation Therapy
  • Drug: Celecoxib
  • Biological: Recombinant Interferon Alfa-2b
  • Drug: Rintatolimod
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 9, 2019)
6
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 16, 2018)
37
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 6, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 6, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have pathologically confirmed diagnosis of unresectable or metastatic TNBC with no curative treatment options
  • Have been informed of other treatment options
  • Patient has lesion that can be biopsied and is willing to undergo the procedure as part of the protocol
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 1
  • Participants of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraceptive methods (e.g., hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 criteria present
  • Any line of therapy allowed, radiologically confirmed progression on prior therapy
  • No cancer-directed therapy for at least 3 weeks prior to study treatment (bone-directed therapies are allowed)
  • Platelets >= 75,000/uL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Creatinine < ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min per Cockcroft-Gault Equation for patients with creatinine levels greater than ULN
  • Participant or legal representative must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients currently treated with systemic immunosuppressive agents, including steroids (> than equivalent of 10 mg daily of prednisone), are ineligible until 3 weeks after removal from immunosuppressive treatment (inhaled steroids are allowed)
  • Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of transplantation
  • Pregnant or nursing female participants
  • Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements
  • Patients with known serious mood disorders (Major depression diagnosis is an exclusion. Other stable mood disorders on stable therapy for > 6 months or not requiring therapy may be allowed after consultation with PI
  • Cardiac risk factors including:
  • Patients experiencing cardiac event(s) (acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, or ischemia) within 3 months of signing consent
  • Patients with a New York Heart Association classification of III or IV
  • History of upper gastrointestinal ulceration, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, or upper gastrointestinal perforation within the past 3 years
  • Prior allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or any drugs administered on protocol
  • Prior immunotherapy with anti-PD1/PDL1 therapy for the mTNBC
  • Patients are ineligible if they plan on regular use of NSAIDs at any dose more than 2 times per week (on average) or aspirin at more than 325 mg at least three times per week, on average. Low-dose aspirin not exceeding 100 mg/day is permitted. Patients who agree to stop regular NSAIDs or higher dose aspirin are eligible and no wash out period is required
  • Any condition which in the Investigator's opinion deems the participant an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Ask RPCI 877-275-7724 askrpci@roswellpark.org
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03599453
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE I 62218
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Hemispherx Biopharma
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Shipra Gandhi, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
PRS Account Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Verification Date October 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP