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GMCI, Nivolumab, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Grade Gliomas (GMCI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03576612
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 3, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Candel Therapeutics, Inc.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 24, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 3, 2018
Last Update Posted Date August 8, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2018)
Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 will be used for scoring toxicity and adverse events. The severity and frequency of toxicity will be tabulated by the tested dose or doses using descriptive statistics. The proportions of subjects who experienced grade 3 or above toxicities will be estimated, along with 95% confidence intervals by each type of toxicity.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2018)
  • Overall survival (death) [ Time Frame: From initial diagnosis to the date of death/or censored at the time of last known alive, assessed for up to 2 years ]
    To estimate overall survival - endpoint is death. Median time of survival along with 95% confidence interval will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
  • Progression-free survival (progression) [ Time Frame: From initial diagnosis to the date progression is defined, assessed for up to 2 years ]
    To estimate progression-free survival - endpoint is progression. Median time of progression-free survival along with 95% confidence interval will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier method.
  • Immune profiling - Tumor Tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Tumor profiling by immunohistochemistry and Nanostring at baseline and when samples available after treatment.
  • Tumor mutation - Tumor Tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Mutational profiling by sequence or transcriptome analysis from tumor tissue
  • Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in serum samples [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Standard descriptive statistics will be used to summarize proportion of PBMCs.
  • Immune characterization as determined by Cytokines [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Immune characterization of surface and content proteins is determined by presence of cytokines in serum.
  • Immune characterization as determined by Extracellular vesicles (EVs) proteins [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Immune characterization of surface and content proteins based on presence of extracellular vesicles in serum samples.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE GMCI, Nivolumab, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Grade Gliomas
Official Title  ICMJE Phase I Study of Neoadjuvant GMCI Plus Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Combined With Standard of Care for Newly Diagnosed High-Grade Gliomas
Brief Summary

The purpose of this phase I trial is to test the safety of combining GMCI, an immunostimulator, plus nivolumab, an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI), with standard of care radiation therapy, and temozolomide in treating patients with newly diagnosed high-grade gliomas.

Gene Mediated Cytotoxic Immunotherapy (GMCI) involves the use of aglatimagene besadenovec (AdV-tk) injection into the tumor site and oral valacyclovir to kill tumor cells and stimulate the immune system. Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor that may also stimulate the immune system by blocking the PD-1 immune suppressive pathway. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors and temozolomide is a chemotherapy drug that kills tumor cells. Giving GMCI, nivolumab, radiation therapy, and temozolomide may work better in treating patients with high-grade gliomas

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety/maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination of aglatimagene besadenovec (AdV-tk) given intra-cranially at the time of initial tumor resection followed by valacyclovir (GMCI), nivolumab, and standard of care (radiation therapy [RT]+temozolomide [TMZ]) in patients with high-grade gliomas (HGG).

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety/maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination of aglatimagene besadenovec (AdV-tk) given intra-cranially at the time of initial tumor resection followed by valacyclovir (GMCI), nivolumab, and standard of care (radiation therapy [RT]+temozolomide [TMZ]) in patients with high-grade gliomas (HGG).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate safety and toxicity of this combined treatment regimen. II. To estimate overall survival. III. To estimate progression free survival. IV. Immune biomarkers, including serum extracellular vesicles (EVs).

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo tumor resection and receive AdV-tk injection into the wall of the resection cavity. Patients then receive valacyclovir orally three times per day for 14 days. Beginning on approximately day 8, patients undergo radiation therapy five days per week for 6 weeks. Temozolomide will be initiated on approximately day 15 after valacyclovir is completed and will continue until MGMT methylation status is known. If unmethylated, temozolomide will be discontinued: these patients will constitute Cohort 1. In Cohort 2 - patients with methylated MGMT - temozolomide will continue. If methylation status is unable to be determined, those patients will also continue receiving temozolomide (Cohort 2). Both cohorts will receive nivolumab intravenously every two weeks for up to 52 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months thereafter.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Newly diagnosed HGG: surgically eligible patients AdV-tk into wall of resection cavity; 1-3 days post-surgery Valacyclovir d1-14; Day 8 RT for 6 wks; day 15 TMZ 75mg/m2 daily; Nivo 240mgIV every 2 weeks
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Glioma, Malignant
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: AdV-tk
    Given IT
    Other Name: Aglatimagene Besadenovec
  • Drug: Valacyclovir
    Given PO days 1-14; 1-3 days post surgery
    Other Names:
    • 124832-26-4
    • L-Valine ester with 9-((2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl)guanine
    • Zelitrex
  • Radiation: Radiation
    Undergo RT, 60Gy in 30 daily fractions M-F for 6weeks
    Other Names:
    • Irradiate
    • irradiation
    • radiotherapy
    • RT
  • Drug: Temozolomide
    Given PO during RT 75mg/m2 daily during RT Post RT cycle 1: 150mg/m2 days 1-5 150mg/m2 cycle 2-6: days 1-5 (150-200mg/m2)
    Other Name: TMZ
  • Biological: Nivolumab
    day 15 post surgery 240mg IV q2wks x 26 doses , up to 52 weeks
    Other Names:
    • BMS-936558
    • MDX-1106
    • NIVO
    • ONO-4538
    • Opdivo
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    correlative studies
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Cohort 1: MGMT Unmethylated Patients
    After confirmation of high grade glioma, AdV-tk injection into wall of resection cavity. Valacyclovir starting 1-3 days post-surgery for 14 days. Radiation begins approximately day 8 and continues for 6 weeks. Temozolomide started after complete valacyclovir and stop when MGMT unmethylated result obtained. Nivolumab every 2 weeks x 26 doses up to 52 weeks. MRI every 8 weeks until progression.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: AdV-tk
    • Drug: Valacyclovir
    • Radiation: Radiation
    • Drug: Temozolomide
    • Biological: Nivolumab
    • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Experimental: Cohort 2: MGMT Methylated & undetermined Patients
    After confirmation of high grade glioma, AdV-tk injection into wall of resection cavity. Valacyclovir starting 1-3 days post-surgery for 14 days. Radiation begins approximately day 8. Temozolomide started after complete valacyclovir and continue during radiation then 5 week break and then begin adjuvant temozolomide dosing. Nivolumab every 2 weeks x 26 doses up to 52 weeks. MRI every 8 weeks until progression.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: AdV-tk
    • Drug: Valacyclovir
    • Radiation: Radiation
    • Drug: Temozolomide
    • Biological: Nivolumab
    • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2018)
36
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 30, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have operable brain tumor presumed to be high grade glioma (HGG) based on clinical and radiologic evaluation, where a gross total surgical resection of the contrast-enhancing area is intended; pathologic confirmation of HGG must be made at the time of surgery prior to AdV-tk injection, if not previously determined
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 70% (i.e. the patient must be able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), (except for patients with known Gilbert's syndrome who must have normal direct bilirubin)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 3.0 x institutional ULN
  • Creatinine =< institutional ULN
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 ml/min (use a modified Cockcroft-Gault equation)
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time/partial thromboplastin time (APTT/PTT) =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Patients must be able to provide written informed consent
  • Patients must have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 14 days of starting treatment; patients must be able to tolerate MRI
  • Women of childbearing potential must agree to have a negative serum pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to treatment start; women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study treatment, and through at least 5 months after the last dose of study drug; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; sexually active men of reproductive potential who are partners of women with reproductive potential must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and through at least 7 months after the last dose of study drug; adequate methods of effective birth control include sexual abstinence (men, women); vasectomy; or a condom with spermicide (men) in combination with barrier methods, hormonal birth control or intrauterine device (IUD) (women)
  • Patients must have no concurrent malignancy except curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or bladder; patients with prior malignancies must be disease-free for >= two years; patients with low-risk prostate cancer on active surveillance are eligible
  • Patients must be able to swallow oral medications
  • Patients must not have received prior radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy or therapy with biologic agent (including immunotoxins, immunoconjugates, antisense, peptide receptor antagonists, interferons, interleukins, tumor infiltrating lymphocyte [TIL], lymphokine-activated killer [LAK] or gene therapy), or hormonal therapy for their brain tumor; glucocorticoid therapy is allowed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible
  • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity or allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to valacyclovir, acyclovir, or temozolomide are ineligible; the valacyclovir and temozolomide package inserts can be referenced for more information
  • Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody are ineligible
  • Patients who require therapy with systemic immunosuppressive drugs except corticosteroids are ineligible
  • Patients with a history of active autoimmune disease requiring treatment in the past 2 years are ineligible
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active liver disease or active hepatitis, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, are ineligible
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with these agents through 1 week after receiving the last dose of study drugs
  • Patients who are known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive are ineligible
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03576612
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE ABTC-1603
IRB00172749 ( Other Identifier: JHM IRB )
UM1CA137443 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Candel Therapeutics, Inc.
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Patrick Wen, MD Dana Farber
PRS Account Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Verification Date August 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP