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Muscadine Plus (MPX) In Men With Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03535675
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 24, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Greater Washington Community Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 10, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 24, 2018
Last Update Posted Date July 14, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 30, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 22, 2018)
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
To determine if men who display the Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype of MnSOD and supplement their diet with MPX have greater changes in PSA slope following treatment compared to men that do not supplement with MPX. PSA response will be measured as the increase/decrease of serum PSA in ng/mL, according to the level of prostate-specific antigen lab values, using the consensus guidelines of the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 2 criteria.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 22, 2018)
  • PSA doubling time [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    PSA doubling time (PSADT) will be calculated in months by measuring the PSA values within 12 months from start of intervention.
  • PSA objective response rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The fraction of patients with a decrease in PSA of ≥50% from the start of intervention at 24 and 48 weeks.
  • PSA Progression [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The time to disease progression for both treatment groups by PSA progression.
  • Radiographic Progression [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The time to disease progression for both treatment groups by radiologic disease progression (i.e. development of metastatic disease).
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Muscadine Plus (MPX) In Men With Prostate Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Of The Effects Of MPX Capsules On Rising Prostate-Specific Antigen Levels In Alanine/Alanine SOD2 Genotype Men Following Initial Therapy For Prostate Cancer
Brief Summary This research is being done to determine if men with rising PSA after initial therapy for localized prostate cancer who display the Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype of MnSOD and supplement their diet with MPX have greater decrease in PSA slope following treatment compared to men that do not supplement with MPX.
Detailed Description

Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a single-chain glycoprotein produced by the epithelial cells of the prostate. PSA has been used for early detection and monitoring of patients with prostate cancer who receive a variety of treatments. Due to the widespread use of serum PSA to monitor for prostate cancer recurrence following primary treatment, there exists a group of men with a rising PSA as their only evidence of recurrence. These patients may not demonstrate clinical or radiographic evidence of disease progression for an average 8 years from the time of detectable PSA to detectable metastatic disease by standard imaging. Currently there are limited treatment options for these patients that may delay disease progression or improve survival, including salvage radiation for prior surgical patients, hormonal therapy, and active surveillance.

Although some surgical patients are candidates for salvage radiation, not all patients will want salvage radiation. Even the early initiation of hormonal therapy (e.g., luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) analogs) has not demonstrated a survival benefit, although Schroder et al suggests an advantage for early hormone therapy in the setting of metastatic regional lymph nodes. Furthermore, early initiation of androgen ablation is associated with significant morbidity and impact on quality of life, including fatigue, hot flashes, loss of libido, decreased muscle mass, and osteoporosis with long term use. This group of relatively well men with biochemical recurrence are currently offered androgen ablation therapy or active surveillance (regular PSA monitoring and annual scans) until there is evidence of metastatic disease, because other options have not been available. These patients are excellent candidates for innovative treatments hypothesized to slow the progression of clinical prostate cancer and delay the development of metastatic disease.

As the previous section documents, preclinical studies of muscadine grape skin offer evidence that it may extend the time between biochemical recurrence and development of metastatic disease. While the Phase II study described above found no significant difference in PSA doubling time between placebo and either dose of MPX, there was a signal of benefit in the subgroup analysis of men with the Alanine/Alanine superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) genotype that received high dose MPX. It is therefore proposed to test the benefits of high dose MPX in capsule formulation in a randomized, controlled study of men who have failed primary therapy, either radiation, surgery or cryotherapy, as primary treatment for prostate cancer. Eligible subjects will have a rising PSA and will have 3 PSA values at least 7 days apart with a recovered testosterone to be able to calculate a baseline PSA doubling time. The primary endpoint of this study will be mean PSA slope during the study period.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
This is a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study to evaluate the benefit of MPX supplementation in the subset of men who display the Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype of MnSOD. Based on a previous randomized phase II trial of MPX at Hopkins, PSA doubling time (PSA-DT) was prolonged in this subgroup of men.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Muscadine Plus
    Ellagic acid inhibits DNA Methyltransferase. DNA Methyltransferases (DNMTs) are a family of enzymes that regulate chromatin methylation and use S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) as the methyl donor. Ellagic acid's metabolite, urolithin-A inhibits the protein complex nuclear factor kappa-light-enhancer of activated B-cells (NFkB), potentially leading to increased rates of apoptosis and decreases in cancer cell proliferation. Extracts from Vitis rotundifolia have shown inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt pathway.
    Other Name: MPX
  • Drug: Placebos
    The placebo capsules are rice flour that will be placed in white opaque capsules identical to the ones used for MPX.
    Other Name: Placebo
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Muscadine Plus
    Each treatment cycle consists of once daily oral dosing of 4000 mg Muscadine Plus, every day throughout each 12 week (84 day) cycle. Patients may continue to receive additional cycles of study drug and will be followed every three months with standard visits with their physician until completion of 48 weeks of study treatment, disease progression, or until they wish to discontinue the drug.
    Intervention: Drug: Muscadine Plus
  • Experimental: Placebo
    Each treatment cycle consists of once daily oral dosing of 4000 mg placebos, every day throughout each 12 week (84 day) cycle. Patients may continue to receive additional cycles of placebo and will be followed every three months with standard visits with their physician until completion of 48 weeks of study treatment, disease progression, or until they wish to discontinue the drug.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebos
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 22, 2018)
80
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients meeting the following conditions are eligible for registration and participation in the study:

  1. Subject has histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  2. Subject has undergone definitive treatment (surgery, surgery with radiation therapy, cryotherapy, radiation therapy or brachytherapy) for the primary prostate tumor (prior chemotherapy is not allowed) .

    a. A subject with a rising PSA post-prostatectomy should consider radiation as a potentially curative alternative. If subject declines radiation or is not a candidate for radiation, he may be considered eligible in this setting.

  3. Subject has a rising PSA on a minimum of 3 time points (2 rises) within the 12 months prior to study initiation (this will include the PSA measurement taken at the screening visit, but not at the baseline day 0 study visit).

    For purposes of calculating PSADT:

    1. All PSA values used in the calculation should be ≥ 0.20 ng/ml and overall should follow a rising trend;
    2. Record every available PSA drawn within the last 12 months of the most recent local PSA;
    3. The minimum requirement is 3 PSA values obtained over 3 months with a minimum of 4 weeks between measurements;
    4. If there are 4 or more PSAs available, the time interval between the first and last PSA measurements must be at least 3 months, and, there is no minimum time interval requirement between any two PSA measurements;
    5. For radiotherapy only patients, record PSA nadir value and collection date. PSADT must be positive according to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Prostate Cancer Nomograms under this link: http://www.mskcc.org/applications/nomograms/prostate/PsaDoublingTime.aspx
  4. One of the following criteria must be met.

    1. Absolute level of PSA >0.4 ng/mL following surgery. (surgery only)
    2. Absolute level of PSA >0.4 ng/mL for subjects treated with multiple treatment modalities (e.g., surgery + radiation, surgery + cryotherapy, etc.).
    3. A rise by 2 ng/mL or more above the nadir PSA will be considered the standard definition for biochemical failure after radiation therapy with or without hormonal therapy. (radiation only)
  5. Subject is >18 years of age.
  6. Subject has life expectancy of greater than 12 months.
  7. Subject has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0, 1 or 2
  8. Subject has testosterone level of ≥1.5 ng/mL at screening.
  9. Subject has normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    1. Leukocytes >3,000/microliter
    2. absolute neutrophil count >1,500/microliter
    3. platelets >100,000/microliter
    4. total bilirubin <1.5 x upper limit of normal except for Gilberts <2.5 x upper limit of normal
    5. aspartate aminotransferase/Alanine transaminase ≤ 2.5 X upper limit of normal
    6. creatinine ≤ 2.5 upper limit of normal
  10. Subject agrees to abstain from other commercially available MuscadinePlus (MP) products (Vinetra, MuscadinePlus or MP capsules) while participating in this study.
  11. Subject's use of other dietary/herbal supplements (e.g. saw palmetto, selenium, pomegranate juice or pills, acai concentrated extract, etc) has been stable for at least 2 months prior to screening and the subject agrees not to stop or change the dose(s) while participating in the study.
  12. Subject has signed a written informed consent document and agrees to comply with requirements of the study.
  13. CT or MRI chest/abdomen/pelvis and bone scan without evidence of metastatic disease as an inclusion.
  14. Subject agrees to genotyping of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase 2 (MnSOD2) gene and any genetic counseling. Only those with Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype will be randomized.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects meeting the following conditions are not eligible for participation in the study:

  1. Subject has known radiographic evidence of metastatic disease, except for presence of positive lymph nodes from the surgical pathology. Pelvic/intraperitoneal lymph nodes less than 1.5 cm maybe considered nonspecific and the patient would be eligible. If there is any clinical suspicion for metastatic disease, CT and Bone Scan must be performed to rule out metastatic disease, within the last four months, per standard of care.
  2. Subject has received any therapies that modulate testosterone levels (e.g., androgen ablative/anti-androgen therapy, 5 alpha reductase inhibitors) for a minimum of 12 months prior to study.
  3. Subject has had prior or concomitant treatment with experimental drugs, high dose steroids, or any other cancer treatment within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of the study product.
  4. Subject has consumed any Muscadine Plus over the past 2 months.
  5. Subject has a known allergy to muscadine grapes, ellagic acid or rice
  6. Subject has uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  7. Subject has negative PSA doubling time (negative doubling time corresponds with decreasing PSA) Doubling time may be computed using the Sloan Kettering prediction tools posted at http://www.mskcc.org/applications/nomograms/prostate/PsaDoublingTime.aspx
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Donnie Dowling, RN 410-614-9526 ddowlin1@jhmi.edu
Contact: Rana Sullivan, RN 410-614-6337 tomalra@jhmi.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03535675
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE J1823
IRB00166021 ( Other Identifier: JHM IRB )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Collaborators  ICMJE Greater Washington Community Foundation
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Channing Paller, M.D SKCCC at Johns Hopkins
PRS Account Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Verification Date July 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP