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The Analgesic Efficacy of Erector Spinae Block in Comparison to Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia in Oesophageal Surgeries

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03504371
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoda Shokri, Ain Shams University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 12, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted Date April 4, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 14, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date April 1, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 12, 2018)
postoperative complications [ Time Frame: 24 h ]
minor complications (hypotension, vomiting, urinary retention and catheter related complications) and major complications (mortality).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03504371 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 12, 2018)
length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: 15-17 days ]
Recovery time from end of surgery till discharge from hospital
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Analgesic Efficacy of Erector Spinae Block in Comparison to Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia in Oesophageal Surgeries
Official Title  ICMJE The Analgesic Efficacy of Erector Spinae Block in Comparison to Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia in Patients Having Transthoracic Oesophygeal Surgical Procedures
Brief Summary a total of 80 patients age of 36 years old to 65 years old, (ASA) physical status I and II undergoing oesophageal procedures.The patients will randomised using concealed envelope method into 2 groups, allocation of patients to either group will be done by clinician not involved in the study. There are 2 groups of patients: TEA combined with GA (TEA group) or bilateral erector spinae block combined with GA (erector group). . In TEA group, patients will receive TEA where an epidural catheter will be placed at the T7-8 interspace after proper sterilization and positioning of the patient in the sitting position then standard technique of application will be applied, then a test dose consists of 3 ml of 1.5% preservative free lidocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine will be injected followed by 5-6 ml of bupivacaine 0.25%. Anaesthesia will be standardised In the TEA group, an additional 4-5mL epidural doses of bupivacaine 0.25% will be administered at 1 h intervals. In the second group, patients will receive bilateral ESP block which will be performed as follows. The patient will be placed in a lateral position ultrasound transducer will be placed in a longitudinal orientation 3 cm lateral to the T7 spinous process. Three muscles will be identified superficial to the hyperechoic transverse process shadow as follows: trapezius, rhomboid major, and erector spinae. An 8-cm 22-gauge block needle will be inserted in a cephalad-to-caudad direction until the tip lay in the interfascial plane between rhomboid major and erector spinae muscles, as evidenced by visualization of local anesthetic spreading in a linear pattern between erector spinae and the bony acoustic shadows of the transverse processes. A total of 20 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine will be injected then it will be repeated on the other side and preformed in the same way without changing the position of the patient to achieve sensory block T5-T10 .
Detailed Description

The patients will randomised into 2 groups. There are 2 groups of patients: TEA combined with GA or bilateral erector spinae block combined with G. In TEA group, patients will receive TEA, an epidural catheter will be placed at the T7-8 interspace after positioning of the patient in the sitting position then standard technique of application will be applied, then a test dose consists of 3 ml of 1.5% preservative free lidocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine will be injected followed by 5-6 ml of bupivacaine 0.25%. Anaesthesia will be standardised. A left-sided, double-lumen thoracostomy tube will be inserted and confirmed by bronchofiberoscopy. In the TEA group, an additional 4-5mL epidural doses of bupivacaine 0.25% will be administered at 1 h intervals. In the second group, patients will receive bilateral ESP block which will be performed as follows. The patient will be placed in a lateral position and a high-frequency linear ultrasound transducer (GE LOGIQe, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin) will be placed in a longitudinal orientation 3 cm lateral to the T7 spinous process. Three muscles will be identified superficial to the hyperechoic transverse process shadow as follows: trapezius, rhomboid major, and erector spinae. An 8-cm 22-gauge block needle (EchoStim; Benlan Inc, Oakville, Canada) will be inserted in a cephalad-to-caudad direction until the tip lay in the interfascial plane between rhomboid major and erector spinae muscles, as evidenced by visualization of local anesthetic spreading in a linear pattern between erector spinae and the bony acoustic shadows of the transverse processes. A total of 20 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine will be injected then it will be repeated on the other side and preformed in the same way without changing the position of the patient to achieve sensory block T5-T10 .

Hemodynamics as heart rate, arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure and oxygen saturation will be monitored intraoperatively. The heart rate and arterial blood pressure will be maintained within 20% of the preoperative values.

At the end of the procedure, in both groups, anesthesia will be discontinued and neuromuscular blockade will be antagonized with neostigmine, intravenous (0.05 mg/kg) and atropine intravenous (0.03 mg/kg) at appropriate doses.

The patients will be transported postoperatively to the intensive care unit. if VAS > 5 , Patient-controlled analgesia using elastomeric pump will be established with IV doses of morphine in the erector group (basal rate about 0.5mg/h to 1 mg/h and bolus dose of 2 mg , 300 mL maximum dose) and epidural analgesia in the TEA group (top up doses of about 4 ml of bupivacaine 0.125% + morphine 20 μg/mL, bolus doses 2 mL to 3 mL, 300 ml maximum dose). The patients will be monitored in the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU)

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Analgesic Efficacy
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Device: bilateral erector spinae block
    The patient placed in a lateral position and transducer placed in a longitudinal orientation 3 cm lateral to the T7 spinous process. Three muscles will be identified superficial to the hyperechoic transverse process shadow as follows: trapezius, rhomboid major, and erector spinae. An 8-cm 22-gauge block needle will be inserted in a cephalad-to-caudad direction until the tip lay in the interfascial plane between rhomboid major and erector spinae muscles, as evidenced by visualization of local anesthetic spreading in a linear pattern between erector spinae and the bony acoustic shadows of the transverse processes. 20 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine will be injected then it will be repeated on the other side and preformed in the same way to achieve sensory block T5-T10 .
  • Device: Thoracic epidural anesthesia
    patients will receive TEA where an epidural catheter will be placed at the T7-8 interspace after proper sterilization and positioning of the patient in the sitting position then standard technique of application will be applied, then a test dose consists of 3 ml of 1.5% preservative free lidocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine will be injected followed by 5-6 ml of bupivacaine 0.25%.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: bilateral erector spinae block
    The patient placed in a lateral position and ultrasound transducer placed 3 cm lateral to the T7 spinous process. Three muscles will be identified: trapezius, rhomboid major, and erector spinae. 8-cm 22-gauge block needle will be inserted in a cephalad-to-caudad direction until the tip lay in the interfascial plane between rhomboid major and erector spinae muscles, as evidenced by visualization of local anesthetic spreading in a linear pattern between erector spinae and the bony shadows of the transverse processes. 20 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine will be injected then it will be repeated on the other side in the same way without changing the position of the patient to achieve sensory block T5-T10 .
    Intervention: Device: bilateral erector spinae block
  • Sham Comparator: Thoracic epidural anesthesia
    an epidural catheter placed at the T7-8 interspace after proper sterilization and positioning of the patient in the sitting position then standard technique of application will be applied, then a test dose consists of 3 ml of 1.5% preservative free lidocaine will be injected followed by 5-6 ml of bupivacaine 0.25%
    Intervention: Device: Thoracic epidural anesthesia
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 12, 2018)
80
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date April 1, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

36-65 years old oesophageal procedures ASA I,II

-

Exclusion Criteria:

  • cardiac dysfunction Renal or hepatic impairment patient refusal Immune disorders Allergy to local anesthetics neuromuscular disorders
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 36 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Egypt
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03504371
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE FMASU R19
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: study protocol statistical analysis
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Time Frame: 6 months
Responsible Party Hoda Shokri, Ain Shams University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Ain Shams University
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Nahed Effat Ain Shams University
PRS Account Ain Shams University
Verification Date April 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP