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Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Haplo Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Sickle Cell Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03298399
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study stopped due to a competing trial.)
First Posted : October 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elizabeth Stenger, Emory University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 27, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 2, 2017
Last Update Posted Date November 7, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE December 21, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date October 25, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 27, 2017)
Safety and tolerability of EPIC2016-MSC003 based upon dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 30 days after last MSC infusion ]
DLTs will be defined as any grade ≥3 adverse reaction that is unexpected or considered attributable to the MSC infusion (attribution listed as at least probable). Because of the medical complexity of subjects on this trial and the lack of described DLTs to MSC infusion, all reported DLTs will be reviewed by the Data and Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03298399 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 27, 2017)
  • Primary graft rejection [ Time Frame: 42 days after HCT ]
    Defined as the absence of donor cells assessed by peripheral blood chimerism assays on day 42.
  • Late graft rejection [ Time Frame: One year after HCT ]
    Defined as the absence of donor hematopoietic cells in peripheral blood beyond day 42 in a patient who had initial evidence of hematopoietic recovery with > 20% donor cells.
  • Time to neutrophil engraftment [ Time Frame: Up to one year after HCT ]
    Defined as the first of 3 measurements on different days when the patient has an absolute neutrophil count of 500/µL after conditioning.
  • Time to platelet engraftment [ Time Frame: Up to one year after HCT ]
    Defined as the first day of a minimum of 3 measurements on different days that the patient has achieved a platelet count > 50,000/µL AND did not receive a platelet transfusion in the previous 7 days.
  • Lineage specific donor chimerism [ Time Frame: Up to one year after HCT ]
    Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from peripheral blood will be analyzed for variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) to detect donor engraftment in myeloid and lymphoid fractions.
  • Immune reconstitution [ Time Frame: Up to one year after HCT ]
    Immune reconstitution will be assessed post-transplant by standard clinical testing and research testing.
  • Acute GVHD [ Time Frame: One year after HCT ]
    Incidence of grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD
  • Chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: One year after HCT ]
    Incidence and severity of chronic GVHD
  • Transplant-related mortality (TRM) [ Time Frame: One year after HCT ]
    Defined as any death occurring in continuous complete remission
  • Event-free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: One year after HCT ]
    Defined as survival with stable donor erythropoiesis and no new clinical evidence SCD. Primary or late graft rejection with disease recurrence or death will count as events for this endpoint.
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: One year after HCT ]
    Defined as survival with or without SCD after HCT
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Haplo Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Sickle Cell Disease
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I Study of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells to Promote Stem Cell Engraftment in Patients With Severe Sickle Cell Disease Undergoing Haploidentical Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
Brief Summary This trial is being conducted as a step toward testing the long-term hypothesis that freshly cultured, autologous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) grown in platelet lysate-containing medium will modulate recipient T-cell immune responses and promote engraftment in haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. As a phase I, dose escalation trial of autologous MSCs in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) undergoing haploidentical HCT, the main aim is to evaluate the safety of this therapy with a secondary aim to evaluate its effects on engraftment and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).
Detailed Description

This is a single center, phase I, open label dose escalation study designed to determine the safety and tolerability of autologous, bone marrow-derived MSCs (EPIC2016-MSC003) in patients with SCD undergoing haploidentical HCT.

Study participants are assigned to one of three MSC dose levels: four infusions of MSCs given once per week, four infusions given twice per week, or six infusions given twice per week. Bone marrow (1-2 ml/kg, max 60 ml) will be collected from study participants for autologous MSC expansion a minimum of 28 days prior to first planned MSC infusion. MSCs will be expanded ex vivo in human platelet lysate to the specified dose level. All MSC infusions will be dosed at 2 x 10^6 MSCs/kg recipient weight, with first infusion given on day 0 (day of haploidentical HCT) or day +1. This phase I trial will enroll 12-18 patients with severe SCD undergoing haploidentical HCT, with subjects followed for 1 year following HCT (and MSC infusions).

Prior to MSC infusions, study participants will undergo transplant conditioning and GVHD prophylaxis as follows:

Day -100 to -10: Hydroxyurea 30 mg/kg PO Qday

Day -9: Rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) 0.5 mg/kg IV

Day -8: Rabbit ATG 2 mg/kg IV

Day -7: Rabbit ATG 2 mg/kg IV; Thiotepa 10 mg/kg IV

Day -6: Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 IV; Cyclophosphamide 14.5 mg/kg IV

Day -5: Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 IV; Cyclophosphamide 14.5 mg/kg IV

Day -4: Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 IV

Day -3: Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 IV

Day -2: Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 IV

Day -1: Total body irradiation (TBI) 200 centigray (cGy)

Day 0: Haploidentical bone marrow stem cell infusion

Day +3: Cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg IV

Day +4: Cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg IV

Day +5: Sirolimus (through day +365); mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 15 mg/kg/dose three times per day (TID) (through day +35)

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Sickle Cell Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Autologous MSCs
    Participants at dose level 1 receive four infusions of MSCs, given once per week. The first MSC infusion will be given no sooner than 4 hours after the bone marrow transplant. The total number of cells delivered to each patient will depend on their weight and assigned dose level. The maximal individual dose of MSCs any patient will receive is 2 x 10^6 cells/kg, which will be delivered via intravenous infusion. The infusion can be administered to patients in the inpatient or outpatient setting.
  • Biological: Autologous MSCs
    Participants at dose level 2 receive four infusions of MSCs, given twice per week. The first MSC infusion will be given no sooner than 4 hours after the bone marrow transplant. The total number of cells delivered to each patient will depend on their weight and assigned dose level. The maximal individual dose of MSCs any patient will receive is 2 x 10^6 cells/kg, which will be delivered via intravenous infusion. The infusion can be administered to patients in the inpatient or outpatient setting.
  • Biological: Autologous MSCs
    Participants at dose level 3 receive six infusions of MSCs, given twice per week. The first MSC infusion will be given no sooner than 4 hours after the bone marrow transplant. The total number of cells delivered to each patient will depend on their weight and assigned dose level. The maximal individual dose of MSCs any patient will receive is 2 x 10^6 cells/kg, which will be delivered via intravenous infusion. The infusion can be administered to patients in the inpatient or outpatient setting.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: MSC dose level 1
    The first three subjects (minimum) will receive four weekly infusions of MSCs.
    Intervention: Biological: Autologous MSCs
  • Experimental: MSC dose level 2
    If no significant side effects are encountered at dose level 1, then subsequent subjects will receive four infusions of MSCs given twice weekly.
    Intervention: Biological: Autologous MSCs
  • Experimental: MSC dose level 3
    If dose level 2 is well tolerated, then subsequent subjects will receive six infusions MSCs given twice weekly.
    Intervention: Biological: Autologous MSCs
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Withdrawn
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 5, 2018)
0
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 27, 2017)
18
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 25, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date October 25, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must weigh >25 kg at the time of study entry.
  • Must have undergone puberty at the time of study entry to allow pre-transplant fertility preservation to occur, if desired. Puberty will be defined as Tanner III or more in male patients (typically age ≥ 13 years) and menarche in female patients.
  • Have severe sickle cell disease (SCD) defined as 1 or more of the following:

    1. Clinically significant neurologic event (stroke) or any neurological deficit lasting > 24 hours;
    2. History of ≥2 episodes of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in the 2-year period preceding enrollment despite the institution of supportive care measures (i.e. asthma therapy and/or hydroxyurea);
    3. History of ≥3 severe pain crises per year in the 2-year period preceding enrollment despite the institution of supportive care measures (i.e. a pain management plan and/or treatment with hydroxyurea);
    4. Administration of regular red blood cell (RBC) transfusion therapy, defined as receiving ≥8 transfusions per year for ≥1 year to prevent vaso-occlusive clinical complications (i.e. pain, stroke, and acute chest syndrome);
    5. An echocardiographic finding of tricuspid valve regurgitant jet (TRJ) velocity ≥2.7 m/sec in adult patients.
  • Have adequate physical function as measured by:

    1. Lansky or Karnofsky performance score ≥60
    2. Cardiac function: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40% or LV shortening fraction > 26% by cardiac echocardiogram or by multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan.
    3. Pulmonary function: pulse oximetry with a baseline O2 saturation of ≥90% and DLCO >40% (corrected for hemoglobin)
    4. Renal function: serum creatinine ≤1.5 x the upper limit of normal for age as per local laboratory and 24 hour urine creatinine clearance >70 mL/min/1.73 m2 or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >70 mL/min/1.73 m2 by radionuclide GFR.
    5. Hepatic function: serum conjugated (direct) bilirubin <2x upper limit of normal for age as per local laboratory and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <5x upper limit of normal as per local laboratory. Patients with hyperbilirubinemia as a consequence of hyperhemolysis or who experience a sudden, profound change in the serum hemoglobin after a RBC transfusion are not excluded.
    6. In patients who have received chronic transfusion therapy for ≥1 year and who have clinical evidence of iron overload by serum ferritin or MRI, evaluation by liver biopsy is required. Histological examination of the liver must document the absence of cirrhosis, bridging fibrosis and active hepatitis. The absence of bridging fibrosis will be determined using the histological grading and staging scale as described by Ishak and colleagues (1995).
  • Must be HLA typed at high resolution using DNA based typing at HLA-A, -B, -C and DRB1 and have an available related haploidentical bone marrow donor with 2, 3, or 4 (out of 8) HLA-mismatches. A unidirectional mismatch in either the graft versus host or host versus graft direction is considered a mismatch.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Availability of an 8 of 8 (HLA-A, B, C and DRB1) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched sibling or matched unrelated donor
  • Presence of donor directed HLA antibodies.
  • Severe pulmonary disease (despite above oxygen saturation and DLCO) including severe and uncontrolled asthma (per 2007 NHLBI Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma Expert Panel Report 3; http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-pro/guidelines/current/asthma-guidelines/full-report), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and/or pulmonary hypertension (PH). A diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) will be made by finding of mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) <25 mm Hg on right heart catheterization. In patients unable and/or unwilling to undergo cardiac catheterization, patients will be excluded with the following constellation of findings based upon presumptive diagnosis of PH (PPV of 62%): TRJ velocity >2.5 m/sec AND either N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) ≥160 pg/ml OR 6-minute walk distance <333 m.
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection in the 6 week before enrollment
  • Seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Previous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)
  • Participation in a clinical trial in which the patient received an investigational drug or device or the off-label use of a drug or device within 3 months of enrollment
  • Demonstrated lack of compliance with prior medical care
  • Unwilling to use approved contraception for at least 6 months following transplant
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  • Allergy to any component of mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) suspension (such as human albumin) and/or allergy to any drugs used in HCT conditioning regimen.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 12 Years to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries United States
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03298399
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IRB00090514
1K23HL133446 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Elizabeth Stenger, Emory University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Emory University
Collaborators  ICMJE National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Stenger, MD Emory University
Principal Investigator: Lakshmanan Krishnamurti, MD Emory University
PRS Account Emory University
Verification Date November 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP